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deliberate

verb

  1. (study)  to think about carefully
    Synonyms: consider, debate, moot, turn over, weigh. Type of: hash out. Similar to: study
  2. (decide)  to discuss the pros and cons of an issue
    Synonyms: debate. Type of: hash out. Follows: decide

adjective

  1. (intended)  carefully thought out in advance
    Synonyms: calculated, measured. Similar to: intended
  2. (unhurried)  unhurried, and with care and dignity
    Synonyms: careful, measured. Similar to: unhurried

Etymology summary

[adjective] "done with careful consideration", from Latin ... | [verb] from...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Wikipedia:

Deliberation

a process of thoughtfully weighing options, usually prior to voting. In legal settings a jury famously uses deliberation because it's given specific options, like guilty or not guilty, along with information and arguments to evaluate. Deliberation ... (36 of 1194 words)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Deliberation

Collins Dictionary:

deliberate | planned [synonym, sense-specific] | intentional [synonym, sense-specific] | ponder [synonym, sense-specific] | studied [synonym, sense-specific] | deliberately [adverb, derived]

carefully thought out in advance; planned; studied; intentional | careful or unhurried in speech or action | to consider (something) deeply; ponder; ... (20 of 537 words, 3 definitions, 11 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/deliberate

Merriam-Webster:

deliberate [entry 1, verb] | deliberated [past tense] | deliberating [present participle] | chew over [synonym, sense-specific] | cogitate [synonym, sense-specific] | consider [synonym, sense-specific] | contemplate [synonym, sense-specific] | debate [synonym, sense-specific] | ponder [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

to think about or discuss issues and decisions carefully | to think about deliberately and often with formal discussion before reaching a decision (22 of 156 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/deliberate

deliberate [entry 2, adjective] | advised [synonym, sense-specific] | calculated [synonym, sense-specific] | considered [synonym, sense-specific] | knowing [synonym, sense-specific] | measured [synonym, sense-specific] | reasoned [synonym, sense-specific] | studied [synonym, sense-specific] | thoughtful [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

characterized by or resulting from careful and thorough consideration | characterized by awareness of the consequences | slow, unhurried, and steady ... (19 of 170 words, 3 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/deliberate show=1

American Heritage Dictionary:

deliberate | deliberated [past tense] | deliberating [present participle] | deliberates [3rd-person singular present] | deliberately [adverb, related] | deliberateness [noun, related]

Done with or marked by full consciousness of the nature and effects; intentional | Arising from or marked by careful consideration | Unhurried in ... (22 of 130 words, 6 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/deliberate

Oxford Dictionary:

deliberate | deliberateness [derived] | deliberator [derived]

done consciously and intentionally | careful and unhurried | fully considered; not impulsive | engage in long and careful consideration | consider (a ... (19 of 116 words, 5 definitions, 6 usage examples, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/deliberate

New World Dictionary:

deliberate | deliberated [past tense] | deliberating [present participle] | deliberately [adverb, related] | deliberateness [noun, related] | deliberator [noun, related]

carefully thought out and formed, or done on purpose; premeditated | careful in considering, judging, or deciding; not rash or hasty | unhurried and ... (22 of 92 words, 5 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/deliberate

Random House Dictionary:

deliberate | deliberated [past tense] | deliberating [present participle]

carefully weighed or considered; studied; intentional. | characterized by deliberation; careful or slow in deciding. | leisurely and steady in ... (18 of 89 words, 6 definitions, 6 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/deliberate

Wiktionary:

deliberate | deliberated [past tense] | deliberating [present participle] | deliberates [3rd-person singular present] | white lie [idiomatic] | white lies [plural, idiomatic] | unwitting [antonym, sense-specific] | intentional [synonym, sense-specific] | circumspect [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

Done on purpose; intentional. | Of a person, weighing facts and arguments with a view to a choice or decision; carefully considering the probable consequences of a step; circumspect; slow in determining. | Formed with deliberation; well-advised;... (35 of 80 words, 5 definitions, 5 usage examples, pronunciations)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/deliberate

Macmillan British Dictionary:

deliberate

intended, not done by chance or by accident | slow and careful (11 of 73 words, 2 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/deliberate

deliberate [intransitive/transitive, verb] | deliberated [past tense] | deliberating [present participle] | deliberates [3rd-person singular present]

to think about or discuss something very carefully, especially before you make an important decision (15 of 44 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/deliberate 9

Cambridge Dictionary:

deliberate [entry 1]

(often of something bad) intentional or planned | describes a movement, action or thought which is done carefully without hurrying (19 of 46 words, 2 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/deliberate 1

deliberate [entry 2, formal]

to think or talk seriously and carefully about something (9 of 50 words, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/deliberate 2

Encarta Dictionary:

deliberate | deliberated [past tense] | deliberating [present participle] | deliberates [3rd-person singular present]

carefully thought out and done intentionally | slow, careful, and methodical | to consider something carefully and in detail (17 of 71 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861603497​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

deliberate

First use: 1540s | early 15th century

Origin: [adjective] "done with careful consideration", from Latin ... | [verb] from Latin deliberatus, past participle of deliberare. (20 of 35 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=deliberate

Oxford Dictionary:

deliberate

Origin: late Middle English (as an adjective): from Latin deliberatus, "considered carefully", past participle of deliberare, from de- ... (17 of 23 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/deliberate

New World Dictionary:

deliberate | deliberated [past tense] | deliberating [present participle]

Origin: Middle English from Latin deliberatus, past participle of deliberare, to consider, weigh well from de-, intensive + ... (17 of 23 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/deliberate

Wiktionary:

deliberate | deliberated [past tense] | deliberating [present participle] | deliberates [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Latin deliberatus, past participle of delibero ("I consider, weigh well"), from de + *libero, libro ("I weigh"), from *libera, libra ("a balance"); see librate.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/deliberate

American Heritage Dictionary:

deliberate | deliberated [past tense] | deliberating [present participle] | deliberates [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Latin dēlīberātus, past participle of dēlīberāre, to consider, weigh: dē-, de- + lībrāre, to balance (from lībra, a balance, scales).

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/deliberate

Collins Dictionary:

deliberate

First use: 15th century

Origin: from Latin dēlīberāre to consider well, from lībrāre to weigh, from lībra scales

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/deliberate

Merriam-Webster:

deliberate [entry 2, adjective]

First use: 15th century

Origin: Middle English, from Latin deliberatus, past participle of deliberare to consider carefully, perhaps alteration of *delibrare, ... (18 of 23 etymology words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/deliberate show=1

Encarta Dictionary:

deliberate | deliberated [past tense] | deliberating [present participle] | deliberates [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 15th century

Origin: Latin deliberatus, past participle of deliberare "weigh carefully" from librare "weigh" from libra "balance"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861603497​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Macmillan British Dictionary:

deliberate

Audio: British English pronunciation of "deliberate"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/deliberate

deliberate [intransitive/transitive, verb] | deliberated [past tense] | deliberating [present participle] | deliberates [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "deliberate"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/deliberate 9

Macmillan American Dictionary:

deliberate

Audio: North American pronunciation of "deliberate"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/deliberate

deliberate [intransitive/transitive, verb] | deliberated [past tense] | deliberating [present participle] | deliberates [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "deliberate"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/deliberate 9

Cambridge Dictionary:

deliberate [entry 2, formal]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "deliberate"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "deliberate"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/deliberate 2

deliberate [entry 1]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "deliberate"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "deliberate"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/deliberate 1

the Free Dictionary:

deliberate

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "deliberate"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "deliberate"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "deliberate" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/deliberate

Google Dictionary:

deliberate | deliberated [past tense] | deliberating [present participle] | deliberates [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "deliberate"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=deliberate

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

deliberate

Audio: North American pronunciation of "deliberate"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=delibe​01 word=deliberate

deliberate

Audio: North American pronunciation of "deliberate"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=delibe​02 word=deliberate

YourDictionary Audio:

deliberate

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "deliberate" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/deliberate

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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