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shiver

noun

  1. (unconditioned reflex)  a reflex motion caused by cold, fear, or excitement
    Synonyms: shake, tremble. Type of: unconditioned reflex
  2. (fearfulness)  an almost pleasurable sensation of fright
    Synonyms: chill, frisson, quiver, shudder, thrill, tingle. Type of: fearfulness

verb

  1. (throb)  to tremble convulsively, as from fear or excitement
    Synonyms: grue, shudder, thrill, throb. Type of: tremble
  2. (move involuntarily)  to shake, as from cold
    Synonyms: shudder. Type of: move involuntarily

Etymology summary

[verb] "shake", alteration of chiveren (about 1200), of uncertain ... | [noun]...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

shiver | the shivers [sense-specific] | shiverer [noun, derived]

to shake or tremble, as from cold or fear | (of a sail) to luff; flap or shake | (of a sailing vessel) to sail close enough to the wind to make the ... (31 of 475 words, 7 definitions, 9 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/shiver

Wikipedia:

Shivering | shuddering

a bodily function in response to early hypothermia in warm-blooded animals. When the core body temperature drops, the shivering reflex is triggered to maintain homeostasis. Muscle groups around the vital organs begin to shake in small movements in an ... (39 of 414 words)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Shivering

Shiver (disambiguation)

refers to shivering, a bodily function in response to early hypothermia in warm-blooded animals. Shiver may also refer to: Eskalofrío, a 2008 Spanish horror film | Shiver, the first book in The Wolves of Mercy Falls series | Ravanna, the real name of ... (41 of 286 words, 23 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Shiver (disambiguation)

Oxford Dictionary:

shiver [entry 1] | the shivers | shiverer [derived] | shiveringly [derived]

shake slightly and uncontrollably as a result of being cold, frightened, or excited | a momentary trembling movement | ("the shivers") : a spell or an ... (24 of 120 words, 3 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/shiver

shiver [entry 2] | shivers | shiver my timbers

(usually "shivers") | each of the small fragments into which something such as glass is shattered when broken; a splinter. | break into such splinters ... (23 of 90 words, 4 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/shiver--2

Wiktionary:

shiver | shivers [plural] | shivered [past tense] | shivering [present participle]

A fragment or splinter, especially of glass or stone. | To break into splinters or fragments. | To tremble or shake, especially when cold or frightened. | [nautical, transitive] To cause to shake or tremble, as a sail, by steering close to the wind. |... (41 of 115 words, 6 definitions, 9 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/shiver

American Heritage Dictionary:

shiver | shivered [past tense] | shivering [present participle] | shivers [3rd-person singular present]

To shake with or as if with cold; tremble. | To quiver or vibrate, as by the force of the wind. | [nautical] To cause (a sail) to flutter by sailing ... (29 of 111 words, 8 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/shiver

Macmillan British Dictionary:

shiver [countable, noun] | shivers [plural] | give someone the shivers | send shivers up and down your spine

a shaking movement that your body makes when you are cold, frightened, or excited | "give someone the shivers": to make someone feel very frightened ... (24 of 102 words, 3 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/shiver 7

shiver [intransitive] | shivered [past tense] | shivering [present participle] | shivers [3rd-person singular present]

if you shiver, your body shakes slightly, for example because you are cold or frightened (15 of 65 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/shiver

New World Dictionary:

shiver

a fragment or splinter of something broken, as glass | to break into many fragments or splinters; shatter | to shake, quiver, or tremble, as from fear ... (25 of 97 words, 5 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/shiver

Random House Dictionary:

shiver | shivers [sense-specific]

to shake or tremble with cold, fear, excitement, etc. | [nautical] ; [fore-and-aft sails] to shake when too close to the wind. ; [sailing vessels] to ... (25 of 90 words, 6 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/shiver

Cambridge Dictionary:

shiver [entry 1]

When people or animals shiver, they shake slightly because they feel cold, ill or frightened (15 of 33 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/shiver 1

shiver [entry 2] | the shivers | shivers

when your body shakes slightly because you are frightened, cold or ill | "the shivers": when you shiver because you are ill | [informal] when you feel ... (25 of 69 words, 3 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/shiver 2

Merriam-Webster:

shiver [entry 1, noun]

one of the small pieces into which a brittle thing is broken by sudden violence (15 of 36 words, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/shiver

shiver [entry 2, verb] | shivered [past tense] | shivering [present participle] | shatter [synonym]

to break into many small pieces; "shatter" (7 of 21 words, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/shiver show=1

shiver [entry 3, verb] | shivered [past tense] | shivering [present participle] | quiver [synonym, sense-specific]

to undergo trembling; "quiver" | to tremble in the wind as it strikes first one and then the other side (of a sail) | to cause (a sail) to shiver by ... (29 of 60 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/shiver show=2

shiver [entry 4, noun] | shivers [plural] | tremble [synonym, sense-specific]

an instance of shivering; "tremble" | "shiver" or "shivers": an intense shivery sensation especially of fear with the | a hard blow (as with a ... (23 of 53 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/shiver show=3

Encarta Dictionary:

shiver [entry 1] | shivers [plural] | shivered [past tense] | shivering [present participle]

to tremble or shake slightly because of cold, fear, or illness | to flap, or make a sail flap, when a sailing vessel is too close to the wind | a ... (29 of 110 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861735427​/definition​.html  [offline]

shiver [entry 2] | shivers [plural] | shivered [past tense] | shivering [present participle]

to splinter into fragments, or cause something to splinter into fragments | a very small piece of something such as glass that has splintered off a ... (25 of 67 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861735426​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

shiver

First use: about 1400

Origin: [verb] "shake", alteration of chiveren (about 1200), of uncertain ... | [noun] "small piece", about 1200, probably related to Middle Low German ... (23 of 119 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=shiver

New World Dictionary:

shiver

Origin: Middle English schievere, frequentative formation from base of "shive" | Middle English schiveren | Middle English sheveren, ... (15 of 39 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/shiver

Collins Dictionary:

shiver

First use: 13th century

Origin: chiveren, perhaps variant of chevelen to chatter (used of teeth), from Old English ceafljowl1 | of Germanic origin; ... (19 of 34 etymology words)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/shivered

Wiktionary:

shiver | shivers [plural] | shivered [past tense] | shivering [present participle]

Origin: a Germanic word, probably present in Old English though unattested, cognate with Old High German scivaro (German Schiefer 'slate'). | Origin uncertain, perhaps an alteration of chavel.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/shiver

American Heritage Dictionary:

shiver | shivered [past tense] | shivering [present participle] | shivers [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English chiveren, shiveren. | Middle English shiveren, from shivere, splinter; see skei- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/shiver

Oxford Dictionary:

shiver [entry 1] | the shivers

Origin: Middle English chivere, perhaps an alteration of dialect chavele "to chatter", from Old English ceafl "jaw"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/shiver

shiver [entry 2] | shivers

Origin: Middle English: from a Germanic base meaning "to split"; related to German Schiefer "slate"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/shiver--2

Merriam-Webster:

shiver [entry 1, noun]

First use: 13th century

Origin: Middle English; akin to Old High German scivaro splinter

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/shiver

shiver [entry 3, verb] | shivered [past tense] | shivering [present participle]

First use: 15th century

Origin: Middle English, alteration of chiveren

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/shiver show=2

Encarta Dictionary:

shiver [entry 2] | shivers [plural] | shivered [past tense] | shivering [present participle]

First use: 12th century

Origin: assumed Old English scifer from Indo-European, "to split"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861735426​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

shiver | shivers [plural] | shivered [past tense] | shivering [present participle]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "shiver"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/shiver

Collins Dictionary:

shiver

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "shiver"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/shiver

Macmillan British Dictionary:

shiver [countable, noun] | shivers [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "shiver"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/shiver 7

shiver [intransitive] | shivered [past tense] | shivering [present participle] | shivers [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "shiver"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/shiver

Macmillan American Dictionary:

shiver [countable, noun] | shivers [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "shiver"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/shiver 7

shiver [intransitive] | shivered [past tense] | shivering [present participle] | shivers [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "shiver"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/shiver

Cambridge Dictionary:

shiver [entry 2]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "shiver"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "shiver"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/shiver 2

the Free Dictionary:

shiver

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "shiver"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "shiver"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "shiver" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/shiver

Google Dictionary:

shiver | shivers [plural] | shivered [past tense] | shivering [present participle]

Audio: English pronunciation of "shiver"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=shiver

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

shiver

Audio: North American pronunciation of "shiver"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=shiver​01 word=shiver

YourDictionary Audio:

shiver

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "shiver" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/shiver

freedictionary.org:

Shiver

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "Shiver" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=shiver

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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