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ruminate

verb

  1. (ruminant)  to chew the cuds
    Topic: ruminant. Type of: eat
  2. (think)  to reflect deeply on a subject
    Synonyms: chew over, contemplate, excogitate, meditate, mull, mull over, muse, ponder, reflect,...

Etymology summary

1533, "to turn over in the mind," also "to chew cud" (1547), from Latin...
(Source: Wiktionary)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

ruminate | rumination [noun, derived]

(of ruminants) to chew (the cud) | [when] intr, often followed by upon, on, etc to meditate or ponder (upon) (19 of 443 words, 2 definitions, 9 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/ruminate

Merriam-Webster:

ruminate | ruminated [past tense] | ruminating [present participle] | reflect [synonym, sense-specific] | chew over [synonym, sense-specific] | cogitate [synonym, sense-specific] | consider [synonym, sense-specific] | contemplate [synonym, sense-specific] | debate [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

to go over in the mind repeatedly and often casually or slowly | to chew repeatedly for an extended period | to chew again what has been chewed ... (26 of 217 words, 4 definitions, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/ruminate

Wikipedia:

Rumination [disambiguation]

may refer to: Rumination, the digestive process of ruminants | Rumination syndrome, a chronic condition characterized by effortless regurgitation of most meals following consumption | Rumination (psychology), contemplation or reflection, which may... (30 of 101 words, 4 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Rumination

Oxford Dictionary:

ruminate | rumination [derived] | ruminative [derived] | ruminatively [derived] | ruminator [derived]

think deeply about something | (of a ruminant) chew the cud (10 of 75 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/ruminate

Macmillan British Dictionary:

ruminate [intransitive] | rumination [singular] | ruminations [plural] | ruminated [past tense] | ruminating [present participle] | ruminates [3rd-person singular present]

[formal] to think about something very carefully | [biology] if an animal ruminates, it brings food back from its stomach into its mouth and chews it ... (25 of 68 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/ruminate

Wiktionary:

ruminate | ruminated [past tense] | ruminating [present participle] | ruminates [3rd-person singular present] | ponder [synonym, sense-specific] | think [synonym, sense-specific]

[intransitive] To chew cud. (Said of ruminants.) Involves regurgitating partially digested food from the rumen. | [intransitive] To meditate or reflect. | [transitive] To meditate or ponder over; to muse on. | [botany] Having a hard albumen penetrated... (35 of 60 words, 4 definitions, 5 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/ruminate

American Heritage Dictionary:

ruminate | ruminated [past tense] | ruminating [present participle] | ruminates [3rd-person singular present] | ruminative [adjective, related] | ruminatively [adverb, related] | ruminator [noun, related]

To turn a matter over and over in the mind. | To chew cud. | To reflect on over and over again. (20 of 43 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ruminate

New World Dictionary:

ruminate | ruminated [past tense] | ruminating [present participle] | rumination [noun, related] | ruminative [adjective, related] | ruminatively [adverb, related] | ruminator [noun, related]

to chew (the cud), as a cow does | to turn (something) over in the mind; meditate (on) (17 of 38 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ruminate

Random House Dictionary:

ruminate | ruminated [past tense] | ruminating [present participle]

to chew the cud, as a ruminant. | to meditate or muse; ponder. | to chew again or over and over. | to meditate on; ponder. (23 of 36 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/ruminate

Cambridge Dictionary:

ruminate [entry 1, formal]

to think carefully and for a long period about something (10 of 29 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/ruminate 1

ruminate [entry 2, specialized]

(of particular types of animal) to bring up food from the stomach and chew it again (16 of 25 words, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/ruminate 2

Encarta Dictionary:

ruminate | ruminated [past tense] | ruminating [present participle] | ruminates [3rd-person singular present]

to think carefully and at length about something | to regurgitate partially digested food and chew it again (refers to ruminants) (20 of 87 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861706483​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Wiktionary:

ruminate | ruminated [past tense] | ruminating [present participle] | ruminates [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: 1533, "to turn over in the mind," also "to chew cud" (1547), from Latin rūminātus, past participle of rūmināre ("to chew the cud, turn over in the mind"), from rūmen ("the throat, gullet") (generally ruminis), of... (36 of 38 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/ruminate

Online Etymology:

ruminate

First use: 1530s

Origin: "to turn over in the mind", also "to chew cud" (1540s), from Latin ruminatus, past participle of ruminare "to chew the cud, turn over in ... (26 of 36 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=ruminate

Merriam-Webster:

ruminate | ruminated [past tense] | ruminating [present participle]

First use: 1533

Origin: Latin ruminatus, past participle of ruminari to chew the cud, muse upon, from rumin-, rumen rumen; perhaps akin to ... (20 of 27 etymology words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/ruminate

Collins Dictionary:

ruminate

First use: 16th century

Origin: from Latin rūmināre to chew the cud, from rumen

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/ruminate

Oxford Dictionary:

ruminate

First use: mid 16th century

Origin: Latin ruminat- "chewed over", from the verb ruminari

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/ruminate

New World Dictionary:

ruminate | ruminated [past tense] | ruminating [present participle]

Origin: Latin ruminatus, past participle of ruminare: see "ruminant"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ruminate

American Heritage Dictionary:

ruminate | ruminated [past tense] | ruminating [present participle] | ruminates [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Latin rūmināre, rūmināt-, from rūmen, rūmin-, throat.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ruminate

Encarta Dictionary:

ruminate | ruminated [past tense] | ruminating [present participle] | ruminates [3rd-person singular present]

First use: Mid-16th century

Origin: Latin ruminat-, past participle of ruminare from rumen "rumen"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861706483​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

ruminate | ruminated [past tense] | ruminating [present participle] | ruminates [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "ruminate"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/ruminate

Collins Dictionary:

ruminate

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "ruminate"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/ruminate

Macmillan British Dictionary:

ruminate [intransitive] | rumination [singular] | ruminations [plural] | ruminated [past tense] | ruminating [present participle] | ruminates [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "ruminate"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/ruminate

Macmillan American Dictionary:

ruminate [intransitive] | rumination [singular] | ruminations [plural] | ruminated [past tense] | ruminating [present participle] | ruminates [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "ruminate"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/ruminate

Cambridge Dictionary:

ruminate [entry 1, formal]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "ruminate"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "ruminate"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/ruminate 1

the Free Dictionary:

ruminate

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "ruminate"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "ruminate"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "ruminate" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/ruminate

Google Dictionary:

ruminate | ruminated [past tense] | ruminating [present participle] | ruminates [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "ruminate"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=ruminate

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

ruminate

Audio: North American pronunciation of "ruminate"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=rumina​02 word=ruminate

YourDictionary Audio:

ruminate

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "ruminate" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ruminate

freedictionary.org:

ruminate

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "ruminate" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=ruminate

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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