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chance

noun

  1. (possibility)  a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances
    Synonyms: opportunity. Type of: possibility
  2. (phenomenon)  an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another
    Synonyms: fortune, hazard, luck. Type of: phenomenon
  3. (peril)  a risk involving danger
    Type of: risk
  4. (measure)  a measure of how likely it's that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible
    Synonyms: probability. Type of: measure
  5. (potentiality)  the possibility of future success
    Synonyms: prospect. Type of: potentiality

verb

  1. (hap)  to be the case by chance
    Type of: happen
  2. (try)  to take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome
    Synonyms: adventure, gamble, hazard, risk, run a risk, take a chance, take chances. Type of: try
  3. (find)  to come upon, as if by accident; to meet with
    Synonyms: bump, encounter, find, happen.

adjective

Etymology summary

"something that takes place", from Old French cheance "accident, chance,...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

chance | by chance [sense-specific] | chances are… [sense-specific] | on the chance [sense-specific] | the main chance [sense-specific] | chance on [sense-specific] | chance one's arm [sense-specific] | fortuitous [synonym, sense-specific] | luck [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

the unknown and unpredictable element that causes an event to result in a certain way rather than another, spoken of as a real force | [modifier, ... (25 of 673 words, 16 definitions, 14 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/chance

Macmillan British Dictionary:

chance | chances [plural] | any chance of...? | be in with a chance | by any chance | someone's chances | the chances are | chance would be a fine thing | on the off chance | ...

[countable, usually singular] an opportunity for you to do something, ... | [countable/uncountable] the possibility that something will happen | ... (18 of 612 words, 11 definitions, 30 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/chance

chance [verb] | chanced [past tense] | chancing [present participle] | chances [3rd-person singular present] | chance your arm/luck

[transitive] to do something even though you know it involves a risk | [intransitive, literary] to do something in a way that is not planned | "chance ... (25 of 113 words, 3 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/chance 30

chance [only before noun, adjective]

not planned or expected (4 of 32 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/chance 39

Oxford Dictionary:

chance | luck | off | chances | chance upon/on/across | take a chance on | as chance would have it | by any chance | chance one's arm | ...

a possibility of something happening | ("chances") : the probability of something desirable happening | [singular] : an opportunity to do or achieve ... (21 of 420 words, 19 definitions, 20 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/chance

Merriam-Webster:

chance [entry 1, noun, adjective] | by chance | chances [plural] | contingency [synonym, sense-specific] | opportunity [synonym, sense-specific] | luck [synonym, sense-specific] | risk [synonym, sense-specific] | accident [synonym, sense-specific] | casualty [archaic, synonym, sense-specific] | ...

something that happens unpredictably without discernible human intention or ... | a situation favoring some purpose; "opportunity" | a fielding ... (18 of 295 words, 6 definitions, 6 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/chance

chance [entry 2, verb] | chanced [past tense] | chancing [present participle] | chance one's arm | risk [synonym, sense-specific] | happen [synonym, sense-specific] | adventure [synonym, sense-specific] | gamble [synonym, sense-specific] | hazard [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

to take place, come about, or turn out by chance; "happen" ; to have the good or bad luck | to come or light by chance | to leave the outcome of to ... (31 of 158 words, 5 definitions, 5 usage examples)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/chance show=1

Wikipedia:

Chance [disambiguation]

may refer to: Chance (philosophy) or indeterminism | Contingency (philosophy) | Luck | Probability | Randomness | Chancé, a commune in Brittany, France | Chance, Kentucky, U.S. | Chance, Maryland, U.S. | Chance, Virginia, U.S. | Chance (band), an... (30 of 289 words, 35 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Chance

Random House Dictionary:

chance | chanced [past tense] | chancing [present participle] | chances [sense-specific] | by chance [sense-specific] | on the chance [sense-specific] | on the off chance [sense-specific] | chance on or upon [sense-specific] | probability [synonym, sense-specific]

the absence of any cause of events that can be predicted, understood, or controlled: often personified or treated as a positive agency. | luck or ... (24 of 265 words, 17 definitions, 13 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/chance

American Heritage Dictionary:

chance | chanced [past tense] | chancing [present participle] | chances [3rd-person singular present] | on [sense-specific] | chance on [related] | /upon [related]

The unknown and unpredictable element in happenings that seems to have no assignable cause. | A force assumed to cause events that cannot be foreseen ... (24 of 214 words, 12 definitions, 8 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chance

New World Dictionary:

chance | chanced [past tense] | chancing [present participle]

the happening of events without apparent cause, or the apparent absence of cause or design; fortuity; luck | an unpredictable event or accidental ... (22 of 156 words, 12 definitions, 6 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chance

Cambridge Dictionary:

chance [entry 1]

an occasion which allows something to be done; an opportunity (10 of 77 words, 5 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/chance 1

chance [entry 2, singular, plural]

the level of possibility that something will happen; likelihood (9 of 137 words, 10 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/chance 2

chance [entry 3]

a possibility that something negative will happen; a risk (9 of 38 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/chance 3

chance [entry 4] | by any chance

the force that causes things to happen without any known cause or reason for doing so | "by any chance": used to ask a question or request in a polite ... (29 of 92 words, 2 definitions, 7 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/chance 4

chance [entry 5]

to risk something (3 of 25 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/chance 5

chance [entry 6, old-fashioned or literary]

to happen or do something by chance (7 of 59 words, 3 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/chance 6

Columbia Encyclopedia:

probability | permutations and combinations | chance | permutations

in mathematics, assignment of a number as a measure of the "chance" that a given event will occur. There are certain important restrictions on such a ... (26 of 99 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0840193​.html

Wiktionary:

chance | chances [plural] | chanced [past tense] | chancing [present participle] | chaunce [obsolete, sense-specific] | luck [synonym, sense-specific]

[countable] An opportunity or possibility. | [uncountable] Random occurrence; luck. | [countable] The probability of something happening. | [archaic, intransitive] To happen by chance, to occur. | To try or risk. | To discover something by chance. | ... (32 of 71 words, 7 definitions, 8 usage examples, pronunciations)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/chance

Britannica Encyclopedia:

likelihood [mathematics] | chance

In mathematics, a subjective assessment of possibility that, when assigned a numerical value on a scale between impossibility and absolute certainty, ... (21 of 67 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/340924​/likelihood

Encarta Dictionary:

chance | chances [plural] | chanced [past tense] | chancing [present participle]

the degree of probability that something will happen (often used in the plural) | an opportunity or a set of circumstances that makes it possible for ... (25 of 310 words, 10 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 701704963​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

chance

First use: about 1300

Origin: "something that takes place", from Old French cheance "accident, chance, fortune, luck, situation, the falling of dice" (12th century, ... (21 of 66 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=chance

American Heritage Dictionary:

chance | chanced [past tense] | chancing [present participle] | chances [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English, unexpected event, from Old French, from Vulgar Latin *cadentia, from Latin cadēns, cadent-, present ... (16 of 27 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chance

New World Dictionary:

chance | chanced [past tense] | chancing [present participle]

Origin: Middle English chaunce from Old French cheance from Vulgar Latin cadentia, that which falls out from Latin cadens, present ... (19 of 26 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chance

Wiktionary:

chance | chances [plural] | chanced [past tense] | chancing [present participle]

Origin: Old French cheance ("accident, chance, luck"), from Vulgar Latin cadentia ("falling"), from Latin cadō ("I fall, I die"). See also cadence, from the same Latin root.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/chance

Collins Dictionary:

chance

First use: 13th century

Origin: from Old French cheance, from cheoir to fall, occur, from Latin cadere

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/chance

Oxford Dictionary:

chance | luck | off | chances | chance upon/on/across | take a chance on

Origin: Middle English: from Old French cheance, from cheoir "fall, befall", based on Latin cadere

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/chance

Merriam-Webster:

chance [entry 1, noun, adjective]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Vulgar Latin *cadentia fall, from Latin cadent-, cadens, present participle of ... (18 of 29 etymology words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/chance

Encarta Dictionary:

chance | chances [plural] | chanced [past tense] | chancing [present participle]

First use: 13th century

Origin: Anglo-Norman from late Latin cadentia "falling" from present participle of Latin cadere "to fall"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 701704963​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

chance | chances [plural] | chanced [past tense] | chancing [present participle]

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "chance"

Audio 2: North American English pronunciation of "chance"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/chance

Collins Dictionary:

chance

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "chance"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/chance

Macmillan British Dictionary:

chance | chances [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "chance"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/chance

chance [verb] | chanced [past tense] | chancing [present participle] | chances [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "chance"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/chance 30

chance [only before noun, adjective]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "chance"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/chance 39

Macmillan American Dictionary:

chance [noun] | chances [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "chance"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/chance

chance [verb] | chanced [past tense] | chancing [present participle] | chances [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "chance"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/chance 28

chance [only before noun, adjective]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "chance"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/chance 37

Cambridge Dictionary:

chance [entry 2, singular, plural]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "chance"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "chance"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/chance 2

the Free Dictionary:

chance

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "chance"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "chance"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "chance" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/chance

Google Dictionary:

chance | chances [plural] | chanced [past tense] | chancing [present participle]

Audio: English pronunciation of "chance"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=chance

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

chance

Audio: North American pronunciation of "chance"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=chance​01 word=chance

YourDictionary Audio:

chance

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "chance" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/chance

freedictionary.org:

chance

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "chance" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=chance

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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