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supposition

noun

  1. (opinion)  a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence
    Synonyms: conjecture, guess, hypothesis, speculation, surmisal, surmise. Type of: opinion
  2. (possibility)  a hypothesis that is taken for granted
    Synonyms: assumption, supposal. Type of: hypothesis
  3. (cognitive process, supposing)  the cognitive process of supposing
    Synonyms: supposal. Type of: conjecture

Etymology summary

a term in logic, from Late Latin suppositionem (nominative suppositio)...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Wikipedia:

Supposition theory

a branch of medieval logic that was probably aimed at giving accounts of issues similar to modern accounts of reference, plurality, tense, and modality, within an Aristotelian context. Philosophers such as John Buridan, William of Ockham, William of ... (38 of 1836 words)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Supposition theory

Collins Dictionary:

supposition | suppositional [adjective, derived]

the act of supposing | a fact, theory, etc, that is supposed (11 of 383 words, 2 definitions, 9 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/supposition

Merriam-Webster:

supposition | hypothesis [synonym, sense-specific] | proposition [synonym, sense-specific] | theory [synonym, sense-specific] | thesis [synonym, sense-specific] | assumption [similar, sense-specific] | concession [similar, sense-specific] | premise [similar, sense-specific] | presumption [similar, sense-specific] | ...

something that is supposed; "hypothesis" | the act of supposing (9 of 115 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/supposition

Oxford Dictionary:

supposition | suppositional [derived]

a belief held without proof or certain knowledge; an assumption or hypothesis (12 of 86 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/supposition

Macmillan British Dictionary:

supposition [countable/uncountable] | suppositions [plural]

something that you believe is true although you cannot prove it (11 of 36 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/supposition

New World Dictionary:

supposition | supposal [sense-specific] | suppositional [adjective, related] | suppositionally [adverb, related]

the act of supposing | something supposed; assumption; hypothesis (8 of 29 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/supposition

Cambridge Dictionary:

supposition

when someone believes something is true without any proof (9 of 22 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/supposition

Wiktionary:

supposition | suppositions [plural]

Something that is supposed; an assumption made to account for known facts, conjecture | The act or an instance of supposing (20 of 21 words, 2 definitions)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/supposition

Random House Dictionary:

supposition

the act of supposing. | something that is supposed; assumption; hypothesis. (10 of 17 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/supposition

American Heritage Dictionary:

supposition | suppositional [adjective, related] | suppositionally [adverb, related]

The act of supposing. | Something supposed; an assumption. (8 of 14 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/supposition

Encarta Dictionary:

supposition | suppositions [plural]

something that it's suggested might be true, or that is accepted as true on the basis of some evidence but without proof | the mental act of supposing ... (27 of 106 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861717151​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

supposition

First use: early 15th century

Origin: a term in logic, from Late Latin suppositionem (nominative suppositio) "assumption, hypothesis", noun of action from past participle ... (21 of 28 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=supposition

Oxford Dictionary:

supposition

Origin: late Middle English (as a term in scholastic logic): from Old French, or from late Latin suppositio(n-) (translating Greek hupothesis ... (20 of 27 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/supposition

Wiktionary:

supposition | suppositions [plural]

Origin: Latin suppositiō, suppositiōnem ("supposition"), from sub- ("under") + positiō, positiōnem ("position; theme"), from positus ("position"), from the perfect passive participle of pōnō, pōnere ("put, place").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/supposition

Merriam-Webster:

supposition

First use: 15th century

Origin: Middle English supposicioun, from Anglo-French supposicion, from Late Latin supposition-, suppositio, from Latin, act of ... (17 of 21 etymology words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/supposition

New World Dictionary:

supposition

Origin: Old French from Latin suppositio from suppositus, past participle of supponere: see "suppose"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/supposition

Encarta Dictionary:

supposition | suppositions [plural]

First use: Late 16th century

Origin: Directly or via French from Latin supposition- from supposit-, past participle of supponere "place under" from ponere "to place"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861717151​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

supposition

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "supposition"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/supposition

Macmillan American Dictionary:

supposition [countable/uncountable] | suppositions [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "supposition"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/supposition

Macmillan British Dictionary:

supposition [countable/uncountable] | suppositions [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "supposition"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/supposition

Cambridge Dictionary:

supposition

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "supposition"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "supposition"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/supposition

the Free Dictionary:

supposition

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "supposition"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "supposition"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "supposition" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/supposition

Google Dictionary:

supposition | suppositions [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "supposition"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=supposition

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

supposition

Audio: North American pronunciation of "supposition"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=suppos​10 word=supposition

YourDictionary Audio:

supposition

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "supposition" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/supposition

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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