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gainsay

Definition:

to take exception to

Class:

communication verb (telling, asking, ordering, singing, etc.)

Past tense:

gainsaid

Present participle:

gainsaying

3rd-person singular present:

gainsays

Type of:

contest » oppose » argue » converse

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Examples:

call | call

Followed by:

call into question

Synonyms:

challenge | dispute

Etymology:

Middle English gainsayen: gain-, against (from Old English gegn-) + sayen, to...
(Source: American Heritage Dictionary)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Contradiction

consists of a logical incompatibility between two or more propositions. It occurs when the propositions, taken together, yield two conclusions which form the logical, usually opposite inversions of each other. Illustrating a general tendency in applied... (36 of 2538 words, 2 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Contradiction

Collins Dictionary:

gainsay [transitive] | contradict [synonym] | gainsayer [noun, derived]

([archaic, literary] to deny (an allegation, a statement, etc); contradict (10 of 372 words, 5 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/gainsay

Merriam-Webster:

gainsay | gainsaid [past tense] | gainsaying [past participle] | gainsays [present participle] | contradict [synonym, sense-specific] | oppose [synonym, sense-specific] | disaffirm [synonym, sense-specific] | disallow [synonym, sense-specific] | disavow [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

to declare to be untrue or invalid | "contradict", "oppose" (9 of 145 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/gainsay

Oxford Dictionary:

gainsay | gainsaid [past tense] | gainsayer [derived]

[transitive, with negative, formal] : deny or contradict (a fact or statement) | speak against or oppose (someone) (17 of 65 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/gainsay

Macmillan British Dictionary:

gainsay [transitive, formal] | gainsaid [past tense] | gainsaying [present participle] | gainsays [3rd-person singular present]

to say that someone is wrong or that something is not true (12 of 54 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/gainsay

American Heritage Dictionary:

gainsay | gainsaid [past tense] | gainsaying [present participle] | gainsays [3rd-person singular present] | gainsayer [noun, related]

To declare false; deny. | To oppose, especially by contradiction. (9 of 49 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/gainsay

Wiktionary:

contradict | contradicted [past tense] | contradicting [present participle] | contradicts [3rd-person singular present] | gainsaid [past tense] | gainsaying [present participle] | gainsays [3rd-person singular present] | withsay [synonym, sense-specific] | withspeak [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

[obsolete] To speak against; to forbid. | To deny the truth of (a statement or statements). | To make a statement denying the truth of the statement(s) made by (a person). (29 of 46 words, 3 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/contradict

Cambridge Dictionary:

gainsay [formal] | gainsaid [past tense]

to refuse to accept something as the truth (8 of 35 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/gainsay

New World Dictionary:

gainsay | gainsaid [past tense] | gainsaying [present participle] | gainsayer [noun, related]

to deny | to contradict | to speak or act against; oppose | a gainsaying (12 of 35 words, 4 definitions, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/gainsay

Random House Dictionary:

gainsay | gainsaid [past tense] | gainsaying [present participle]

to deny, dispute, or contradict. | to speak or act against; oppose. (11 of 21 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/gainsay

Encarta Dictionary:

gainsay | gainsaid [past tense] | gainsaying [present participle] | gainsays [3rd-person singular present]

to say that something is false | to oppose or contradict somebody (11 of 74 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861614130​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

American Heritage Dictionary:

gainsay | gainsaid [past tense] | gainsaying [present participle] | gainsays [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English gainsayen: gain-, against (from Old English gegn-) + sayen, to say (from Old English secgan; see "say").

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/gainsay

Merriam-Webster:

gainsay | gainsaid [past tense] | gainsaying [past participle] | gainsays [present participle]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English gainsayen, from gain- against (from Old English gēan-) + sayen to say

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/gainsay

Wiktionary:

gainsay | gainsaid [past tense] | gainsaying [present participle] | gainsays [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English gainsayen, ȝeinseggen ("to say against, say in opposition to"), equivalent to gain- + say.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/gainsay

New World Dictionary:

gainsay | gainsaid [past tense] | gainsaying [present participle]

Origin: Middle English geinseggen from gein- from Old English gegn, against (see "again") + secgan (see "say")

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/gainsay

Collins Dictionary:

gainsay [transitive]

First use: 13th century

Origin: gainsaien, from gain-against + saien to say1

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/gainsay

Oxford Dictionary:

gainsay | gainsaid [past tense]

Origin: Middle English: from obsolete gain- "against" + "say"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/gainsay

Encarta Dictionary:

gainsay | gainsaid [past tense] | gainsaying [present participle] | gainsays [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Old English gegn "against" from Germanic

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861614130​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

gainsay [transitive]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "gainsay"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/gainsay

Macmillan British Dictionary:

gainsay [transitive, formal] | gainsaid [past tense] | gainsaying [present participle] | gainsays [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "gainsay"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/gainsay

Macmillan American Dictionary:

gainsay [transitive, formal] | gainsaid [past tense] | gainsaying [present participle] | gainsays [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "gainsay"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/gainsay

Cambridge Dictionary:

gainsay [formal] | gainsaid [past tense]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "gainsay"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "gainsay"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/gainsay

the Free Dictionary:

gainsay

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "gainsay"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "gainsay"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "gainsay" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/gainsay

Google Dictionary:

gainsay | gainsaid [past tense] | gainsaying [present participle] | gainsays [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "gainsay"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=gainsay

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

gainsay

Audio: North American pronunciation of "gainsay"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=gainsa​01 word=gainsay

YourDictionary Audio:

gainsay

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "gainsay" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/gainsay

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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