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constrain

verb

  1. (encumber)  to hold back
    Synonyms: cumber, encumber, incumber, restrain. Type of: restrict
  2. (control)  to place limits on (extent or access)
    Synonyms: bound, confine, limit, restrain, restrict, stiffen, throttle, tighten, tighten up,...

Etymology summary

constreyen, from stem of Old French constreindre (Mod.French contraindre)...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

constrain | oblige [synonym, sense-specific] | confine [synonym, sense-specific] | constrainer [noun, derived]

to compel or force, especially by persuasion, circumstances, etc; oblige | to restrain by or as if by force; confine (19 of 462 words, 2 definitions, 8 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/constrain

Wikipedia:

Constraint [disambiguation]

Constraint is the element factor or a subsystem that works as a bottleneck. It restricts an entity, project, or system from ... | Loading gauge or structure gauge (constraints in engineering) | A constraint on constrained writing, in literature For ... (38 of 278 words, 15 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Constraint

Merriam-Webster:

constrain | limit [synonym, sense-specific] | compress [synonym, sense-specific] | confine [synonym, sense-specific] | broadly [synonym, sense-specific] | blackjack [synonym, sense-specific] | coerce [synonym, sense-specific] | compel [synonym, sense-specific] | force [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

to force by imposed stricture, restriction, or limitation ; to restrict the motion of (a mechanical body) to a particular mode | "compress" ; also, to ... (25 of 210 words, 5 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/constrain

Oxford Dictionary:

constrain | constrained | imprison [synonym, sense-specific] | constrainedly [derived]

compel or force (someone) to follow a particular course of action | (as adjective "constrained") : appearing forced or overly controlled | severely ... (21 of 128 words, 5 definitions, 5 usage examples, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/constrain

American Heritage Dictionary:

constrain | constrained [past tense] | constraining [present participle] | constrains [3rd-person singular present] | constrainable [adjective, related] | constrainedly [adverb, related] | constrainer [noun, related]

To compel by physical, moral, or circumstantial force; oblige | To keep within close bounds; confine | To inhibit or restrain; hold back | To produce ... (23 of 108 words, 4 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/constrain

Macmillan British Dictionary:

constrain [transitive, formal] | constrained [past tense] | constraining [present participle] | constrains [3rd-person singular present]

to limit someone's freedom to do what they want | [passive] to force someone to do something that they do not want to do (23 of 79 words, 2 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/constrain

New World Dictionary:

constrain

to force into, or hold in, close bounds; confine | to hold back by force; restrain | to force; compel; oblige (19 of 51 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/constrain

Random House Dictionary:

constrain

to force, compel, or oblige. | to confine forcibly, as by bonds. | to repress or restrain. (15 of 36 words, 3 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/constrain

Wiktionary:

constrain | constrained [past tense] | constraining [present participle] | constrains [3rd-person singular present]

[transitive] to force physically, by strong persuasion or pressurizing; to compel; to oblige | [transitive] to keep within close bounds; to confine | [transitive] to reduce a result in response to limited resources (31 of 33 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/constrain

Cambridge Dictionary:

constrain

to control and limit something (5 of 24 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/constrain

Encarta Dictionary:

constrain | constrained [past tense] | constraining [present participle] | constrains [3rd-person singular present]

to force somebody to do something, especially through pressure of circumstances or a sense of obligation | to limit or restrict somebody or something, ... (23 of 125 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861599809​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

constrain

First use: early 14th century

Origin: constreyen, from stem of Old French constreindre (Mod.French contraindre) "restrain, control", from Latin constringere "to ... (18 of 35 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=constrain

American Heritage Dictionary:

constrain | constrained [past tense] | constraining [present participle] | constrains [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English constreinen, from Old French constraindre, constraign-, from Latin cōnstringere, to restrain, ... (13 of 26 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/constrain

New World Dictionary:

constrain

Origin: Middle English constreinen from Old French constreindre from Latin constringere, to bind together, draw together from ... (16 of 24 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/constrain

Merriam-Webster:

constrain

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English, from Anglo-French constraindre, from Latin constringere to constrict, constrain, from com- + stringere to draw tight

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/constrain

Collins Dictionary:

constrain

First use: 14th century

Origin: from Old French constreindre, from Latin constringere to bind together, from stringere to bind

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/constrain

Oxford Dictionary:

constrain | constrained

Origin: Middle English: from Old French constraindre, from Latin constringere "bind tightly together"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/constrain

Wiktionary:

constrain | constrained [past tense] | constraining [present participle] | constrains [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle French constraindre, ultimately from Latin constringō. Compare French contraindre.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/constrain

Encarta Dictionary:

constrain | constrained [past tense] | constraining [present participle] | constrains [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Old French constraindre from Latin constringere "bind tightly together" from stringere "draw tight"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861599809​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

constrain | constrained [past tense] | constraining [present participle] | constrains [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "constrain"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/constrain

Collins Dictionary:

constrain

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "constrain"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/constrain

Macmillan British Dictionary:

constrain [transitive, formal] | constrained [past tense] | constraining [present participle] | constrains [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "constrain"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/constrain

Macmillan American Dictionary:

constrain [transitive, formal] | constrained [past tense] | constraining [present participle] | constrains [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "constrain"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/constrain

Cambridge Dictionary:

constrain

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "constrain"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "constrain"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/constrain

the Free Dictionary:

constrain

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "constrain"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "constrain"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "constrain" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/constrain

Google Dictionary:

constrain | constrained [past tense] | constraining [present participle] | constrains [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "constrain"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=constrain

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

constrain

Audio: North American pronunciation of "constrain"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=constr​01 word=constrain

YourDictionary Audio:

constrain

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "constrain" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/constrain

freedictionary.org:

constrain

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "constrain" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=constrain

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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