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sullen

adjective

  1. (ill-natured)  showing a brooding ill humor
    Synonyms: dark, dour, glowering, glum, moody, morose, saturnine, sour. Similar to: ill-natured
  2. (cloudy)  darkened by clouds
    Synonyms: heavy, lowering, threatening. Similar to: cloudy

Etymology summary

alteration of Middle English soleyn "unique, singular", from Anglo-French...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Merriam-Webster:

sullen | lowering [synonym, sense-specific] | dismal [synonym, sense-specific] | gloomy [synonym, sense-specific] | black [synonym, sense-specific] | bleak [synonym, sense-specific] | cheerless [synonym, sense-specific] | chill [synonym, sense-specific] | Cimmerian [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

gloomily or resentfully silent or repressed ; suggesting a sullen state; "lowering" | dull or somber in sound or color | "dismal", "gloomy" | moving ... (22 of 553 words, 4 definitions, 14 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/sullen

Collins Dictionary:

sullen | glumpy [archaic, synonym] | sulky [synonym, sense-specific] | sombre [synonym, sense-specific] | sluggish [synonym, sense-specific] | threatening [synonym, sense-specific] | morose [synonym, sense-specific] | gloomy [synonym, sense-specific] | slow [synonym, sense-specific]

unwilling to talk or be sociable; sulky; morose | sombre; gloomy | [literary] sluggish; slow | [obsolete] threatening | [plural, archaic] a sullen ... (19 of 421 words, 5 definitions, 11 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/sullen

Wikipedia:

Sullen [disambiguation]

may refer to: Sullens, Swiss municipality | Sullen River, Russian novel (see Угрюм-река (книга)) named after the Nizhnyaya Tunguska River in Siberia, Russia | Squire Sullen and Kate Sullen, fictional characters in the 1707 comedy play The... (35 of 175 words, 14 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Sullen

Oxford Dictionary:

sullen | the sullens | sullenly [derived] | sullenness [derived]

bad-tempered and sulky | (of the sky) full of dark clouds | ("the sullens") [archaic] | a sulky or depressed mood. (18 of 76 words, 4 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/sullen

American Heritage Dictionary:

sullen | sullener [comparative] | sullenest [superlative] | sullenly [adverb, related] | sullenness [noun, related]

Showing a brooding ill humor or silent resentment; morose or sulky. | Gloomy or somber in tone, color, or portent | Sluggish; slow (21 of 61 words, 3 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/sullen

Macmillan British Dictionary:

sullen | sullenly [adverb, related] | sullenness [noun, uncountable, related]

showing that you are in an unhappy mood, and do not want to talk ; used about someone's expression or attitude | [literary] if the sky or weather is ... (28 of 60 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/sullen

Cambridge Dictionary:

sullen | sullenly [adverb, derived] | sullenness [noun, derived]

angry and unwilling to smile or be pleasant to people (10 of 58 words, 3 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/sullen

Random House Dictionary:

sullen

showing irritation or ill humor by a gloomy silence or reserve. | persistently and silently ill-humored; morose. | indicative of gloomy ill humor. | ... (21 of 49 words, 6 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/sullen

New World Dictionary:

sullen | sullenly [adverb, related] | sullenness [noun, related]

showing resentment and ill humor by morose, unsociable withdrawal | gloomy; dismal; sad; depressing | somber; dull | slow-moving; sluggish | ... (17 of 40 words, 5 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/sullen

Wiktionary:

sullen | sullens [plural] | sullener [comparative] | sullenest [superlative] | sulky [synonym, sense-specific] | morose [synonym, sense-specific] | cheerful [antonym, sense-specific] | content [antonym, sense-specific] | lighthearted [antonym, sense-specific] | ...

Having a brooding ill temper; sulky. | Dismal; somber. | Sluggish; slow. | [obsolete] One who is solitary, or lives alone; a hermit. | Sullen feelings or manners; sulks; moroseness. (26 of 33 words, 5 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/sullen

Encarta Dictionary:

sullen

showing bad temper or hostility by a refusal to talk, behave sociably, or cooperate cheerfully | dull and gray because of clouds, fog, or haze ... (24 of 71 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861716838​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

sullen

First use: 1570s

Origin: alteration of Middle English soleyn "unique, singular", from Anglo-French *solein, formed on the pattern of Old French soltain, ... (19 of 41 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=sullen

Merriam-Webster:

sullen

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English solein solitary, from Anglo-French sulein, solain, perhaps from sol, soul single, sole + -ain ... (18 of 32 etymology words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/sullen

Wiktionary:

sullen | sullens [plural]

Origin: Middle English solein, from Anglo-Norman solein ("alone"), from sole ("single, sole, alone"), from Latin sōlus ("by oneself alone"). The change in meaning from "single" to morose occurred in Middle English.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/sullen

American Heritage Dictionary:

sullen | sullener [comparative] | sullenest [superlative]

Origin: Middle English solein, from Anglo-Norman solein, alone, from sol, single, from Latin sōlus, by oneself alone; see swe- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/sullen

Oxford Dictionary:

sullen | the sullens

Origin: Middle English (in the senses "solitary, averse to company", and "unusual"): from Anglo-Norman French sulein, from sol "sole"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/sullen

New World Dictionary:

sullen

Origin: Middle English solein, alone, solitary from Vulgar Latin *solanus, alone from Latin solus, alone, "sole"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/sullen

Collins Dictionary:

sullen

First use: 16th century

Origin: perhaps from Anglo-French solain (unattested), ultimately related to Latin sōlus alone

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/sullen

Encarta Dictionary:

sullen

First use: 14th century

Origin: Anglo-Norman sulein "alone" from sol "sole, single" from Latin solus

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861716838​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

sullen | sullens [plural]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "sullen"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/sullen

Collins Dictionary:

sullen

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "sullen"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/sullen

Macmillan British Dictionary:

sullen

Audio: British English pronunciation of "sullen"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/sullen

Macmillan American Dictionary:

sullen

Audio: North American pronunciation of "sullen"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/sullen

Cambridge Dictionary:

sullen

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "sullen"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "sullen"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/sullen

the Free Dictionary:

sullen

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "sullen"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "sullen"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "sullen" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/sullen

Google Dictionary:

sullen

Audio: English pronunciation of "sullen"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=sullen

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

sullen

Audio: North American pronunciation of "sullen"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=sullen​01 word=sullen

YourDictionary Audio:

sullen

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "sullen" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/sullen

freedictionary.org:

Sullen

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "Sullen" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=sullen

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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