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reflexive

noun

adjective

  1. (physiology)  without volition or conscious control
    Synonyms: automatic, reflex [attributive]. Topic: physiology. Similar to: involuntary
  2. (backward)  referring back to itself
    Synonyms: self-referent, refl. [abbreviation]. Topic: grammar. Similar to: backward

Etymology summary

Medieval Latin reflexivus, from Latin reflexus.
(Source: Wiktionary)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

reflexive | reflexively [adverb, derived]

denoting a class of pronouns that refer back to the subject of a sentence ... | denoting a verb used transitively with the reflexive pronoun as its ... (26 of 479 words, 5 definitions, 9 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/reflexive

Wikipedia:

Reflexive [disambiguation]

may refer to: In fiction: Metafiction | In grammar: Reflexive pronoun, a pronoun with a reflexive relationship with its self-identical antecedent | Reflexive verb, where a semantic agent and patient are the same | In mathematics and computer science: ... (36 of 193 words, 12 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Reflexive

Merriam-Webster:

reflexive pronoun

a pronoun referring to the subject of the sentence, clause, or verbal phrase in which it stands ; specifically, a personal pronoun compounded with ... (24 of 39 words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/reflexive pronoun

reflexive [entry 1, adjective] | reflective [synonym, sense-specific] | reflexively [adverb, related] | reflexiveness [noun, related] | reflexivity [noun, related]

directed or turned back on itself ; also, overtly and usually ironically ... | of, relating to, characterized by, or being a relation that exists ... (24 of 182 words, 4 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/reflexive

Oxford Dictionary:

reflexive | reflexively [derived] | reflexiveness [derived] | reflexivity [derived]

[grammar] : denoting a pronoun that refers back to the subject of the clause in which it's used, e.g. myself, themselves. | (of a verb or clause) ... (26 of 141 words, 6 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/reflexive

New World Dictionary:

reflexive | reflexively [adverb, related] | reflexiveness [adverb, related]

[rare] ; "reflex" ; "reflective" | having to do with the act or process of reflecting | of or having to do with a thematic concern in a work of art, ... (29 of 114 words, 5 definitions, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/reflexive

Random House Dictionary:

reflexive

[grammar] ; [verb] taking a subject and object with identical referents, as ... | reflex; responsive. | able to reflect; reflective. | [math] ; noting ... (22 of 112 words, 5 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/reflexive

American Heritage Dictionary:

reflexive | reflexively [adverb, related] | reflexiveness [noun, related] | reflexivity [noun, related]

Directed back on itself. | [grammar] ; Of, relating to, or being a verb having an identical subject and direct object, as "dressed" in the sentence ... (25 of 90 words, 6 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/reflexive

Macmillan British Dictionary:

reflexive

[linguistics] a reflexive verb or pronoun refers back to the subject of the ... | [formal] a reflexive movement or action is one that you do without ... (26 of 64 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/reflexive

Wiktionary:

reflexive | reflexives [plural]

[grammar] Referring back to the subject, or having an object equal to the subject. | [set theory] Of a relation R on a set S, such that xRx for all members x of S (that is, the relation holds between any element of the set and itself). | Of or... (48 of 62 words, 5 definitions, 3 usage examples)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/reflexive

Cambridge Dictionary:

reflexive [entry 1]

describes words that show that the person who does the action is also the person who is affected by it (20 of 48 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/reflexive 1

reflexive [entry 2]

done because of an uncontrollable physical reaction (7 of 23 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/reflexive 2

Encarta Dictionary:

reflexive | reflexives [plural] | reflexively [adverb, derived] | reflexiveness [noun, derived]

describes a pronoun referring to the same person or thing as another noun ... | describes a verb that takes a reflexive pronoun as an object, thereby ... (26 of 144 words, 6 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861700227​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Wiktionary:

reflexive | reflexives [plural]

Origin: Medieval Latin reflexivus, from Latin reflexus.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/reflexive

New World Dictionary:

reflexive

Origin: Medieval Latin reflexivus

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/reflexive

Merriam-Webster:

reflexive [entry 1, adjective]

First use: 1640

Origin: Medieval Latin reflexivus, from Latin reflexus

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/reflexive

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

reflexive

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "reflexive"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "reflexive"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/reflexive

Macmillan British Dictionary:

reflexive

Audio: British English pronunciation of "reflexive"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/reflexive

Macmillan American Dictionary:

reflexive

Audio: North American pronunciation of "reflexive"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/reflexive

Cambridge Dictionary:

reflexive [entry 1]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "reflexive"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "reflexive"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/reflexive 1

the Free Dictionary:

reflexive

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "reflexive"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "reflexive"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "reflexive" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/reflexive

Google Dictionary:

reflexive | reflexives [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "reflexive"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=reflexive

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

reflexive

Audio: North American pronunciation of "reflexive"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=reflex​03 word=reflexive

YourDictionary Audio:

reflexive

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "reflexive" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/reflexive

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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