Memidex: Free online dictionary/thesaurus and more....
| Free Tools | Preferences | About | Contact | Index

swear

verb

  1. (express)  to utter obscenities or profanities
    Synonyms: blaspheme, curse, cuss, imprecate. Type of: express. Similar to: blaspheme
  2. (affirm)  to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true
    Synonyms: affirm, assert, aver, avow, swan, verify. Type of: declare
  3. (vow)  to promise solemnly; to take an oath
    Type of: vow
  4. (depose)  to make a deposition; to declare under oath
    Synonyms: depone, depose. Type of: declare. Follows: perjure
  5. (believe)  to have confidence or faith in
    Synonyms: bank, rely, trust. Type of: believe. Follows: confide

Etymology summary

Middle English sweren, swerien, from Old English swerian ("to swear, take an...
(Source: Wiktionary)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

swear | swear blind [sense-specific] | vow [synonym, sense-specific] | swearer [noun, derived]

to declare or affirm (a statement) as true, especially by invoking a deity, etc, as witness | followed by by to invoke (a deity, etc) by name as a ... (28 of 578 words, 10 definitions, 11 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/swear

Oxford Dictionary:

swear | swore [past tense] | sworn [past participle] | swearing [present participle] | swears [3rd-person singular present] | swear up and down [North American] | swear blind | swear by | swear someone in | ...

[reporting verb] : make a solemn statement or promise undertaking to do something or affirming that something is the case | take (an oath) | take a ... (25 of 314 words, 11 definitions, 13 usage examples, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/swear

Macmillan British Dictionary:

swear | swore [past tense] | sworn [past participle] | swearing [present participle] | swears [3rd-person singular present] | could have sworn | swear blind | swear like a trooper | swear to God | ...

[intransitive] to use words that are deliberately offensive, for example because you are angry with someone | [transitive] to make a sincere statement ... (22 of 280 words, 8 definitions, 14 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/swear

American Heritage Dictionary:

swear | swore [past tense] | sworn [present participle] | swearing [3rd-person singular present] | swear at | swear by | swear in | swear off | swear out

To make a solemn declaration, invoking a deity or a sacred person or thing, ... | To make a solemn promise; vow. | To use profane oaths; curse. | ... (26 of 254 words, 15 definitions, 7 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/swear

Merriam-Webster:

swear [entry 1, verb] | swore [past tense] | sworn [past participle] | swearing [present participle] | swear by | swear for | swear off | curse [synonym, sense-specific] | guarantee [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

to utter or take solemnly (an oath) | to assert as true or promise under oath ; to assert or promise emphatically or earnestly | to put to an oath; ... (28 of 249 words, 10 definitions, 7 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/swear

swear [entry 2, noun] | oath [synonym] | swearword [synonym] | curse [synonym] | cuss [synonym] | cussword [synonym] | dirty word [synonym] | expletive [synonym] | four-letter word [synonym] | ...

"oath", "swearword" (2 of 61 words, 1 usage example)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/swear show=1

Random House Dictionary:

swear | swore [past tense] | sware [archaic, past tense] | sworn [past participle] | swearing [present participle] | swear by [sense-specific] | swear in [sense-specific] | swear off [sense-specific] | swear out [sense-specific]

to make a solemn declaration or affirmation by some sacred being or object, as a deity or the Bible. | to bind oneself by oath. | to give evidence or ... (28 of 239 words, 14 definitions, 6 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/swear

Cambridge Dictionary:

swear [entry 1] | swore [past tense] | sworn [past participle]

to use words that are rude or offensive as a way of emphasizing what you mean or as a way of insulting someone or something (25 of 60 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/swear 1

swear [entry 2] | swore [past tense] | sworn [past participle]

to state or promise that you are telling the truth or that you will do something or behave in a particular way (22 of 173 words, 8 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/swear 2

Wikipedia:

Swear [disambiguation] | Swearing

may refer to: Making an oath, also known as swearing an oath | Profanity | The Swear, a band | "Swear" (song), a 1980s pop song by Tim Scott | "Swear" (Alan song), a j-pop song by Alan Dawa Dolma from the album My Life | Swear (London based fashion... (45 of 141 words, 10 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Swear

New World Dictionary:

swear | swore [past tense] | sworn [present participle] | sware [archaic] | swearer [noun, related]

to make a solemn declaration with an appeal to God or to something held sacred for confirmation | to make a solemn promise; vow | to use profane or ... (27 of 110 words, 9 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/swear

Wiktionary:

swear | swears [plural] | swore [past tense] | sweared [past tense] | sworn [past participle] | swearing [present participle] | sweer [sense-specific] | sweir [sense-specific] | swere [sense-specific] | ...

[intransitive, transitive] To take an oath. | [intransitive] To use offensive language. | A swearword. | [UK dialectal] Heavy. | [UK dialectal] Top-heavy; too high. | [UK dialectal] Dull; heavy; lazy; slow; reluctant; unwilling. | [UK dialectal] ... (31 of 93 words, 9 definitions, pronunciations)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/swear

Encarta Dictionary:

swear | swore [past tense] | sworn [past participle] | swearing [present participle] | swears [3rd-person singular present]

to declare solemnly or forcefully that what is said is true, sometimes calling somebody or something thought to be sacred as a witness | to promise ... (25 of 202 words, 6 definitions, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861717428​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Wiktionary:

swear | swears [plural] | swore [past tense] | sweared [past tense] | sworn [past participle] | swearing [present participle]

Origin: Middle English sweren, swerien, from Old English swerian ("to swear, take an oath of... | the above verb, or from Middle English sware, from Old English swaru, from Proto-Germanic *swarō. | Middle... (30 of 168 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/swear

Online Etymology:

swear

Origin: Old English swerian "take an oath" (class VI strong verb; past tense swor, past participle sworen), from Proto-Germanic ... (18 of 103 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=swear

New World Dictionary:

swear | swore [past tense] | sworn [present participle]

Origin: Middle English swerien from Old English swerian, akin to German schwören from Indo-European base *swer-, to speak derives ... (18 of 24 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/swear

Collins Dictionary:

swear

Origin: Old English swerian; related to Old Norse sverja, Gothic swaran, Old Frisian swera, German schwören

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/swearing

Oxford Dictionary:

swear | swore [past tense] | sworn [past participle] | swearing [present participle] | swears [3rd-person singular present] | swear up and down [North American]

Origin: Old English swerian of Germanic origin; related to Dutch zweren, German schwören, also to "answer"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/swear

American Heritage Dictionary:

swear | swore [past tense] | sworn [present participle] | swearing [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English sweren, from Old English swerian; see swer- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/swear

Merriam-Webster:

swear [entry 1, verb] | swore [past tense] | sworn [past participle] | swearing [present participle]

First use: before 12th century

Origin: Middle English sweren, from Old English swerian; akin to Old High German swerien to swear and perhaps to Old Church Slavic svarŭ quarrel

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/swear

Encarta Dictionary:

swear | swore [past tense] | sworn [past participle] | swearing [present participle] | swears [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Old English swerian from Indo-European

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861717428​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

swear | swears [plural] | swore [past tense] | sweared [past tense] | sworn [past participle] | swearing [present participle]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "swear"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/swear

Collins Dictionary:

swear

Audio: British English pronunciation of "swear"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/swear

Macmillan British Dictionary:

swear | swore [past tense] | sworn [past participle] | swearing [present participle] | swears [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "swear"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/swear

Macmillan American Dictionary:

swear [verb] | swore [past tense] | sworn [past participle] | swearing [present participle] | swears [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "swear"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/swear

Cambridge Dictionary:

swear [entry 2] | swore [past tense] | sworn [past participle]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "swear"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "swear"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/swear 2

the Free Dictionary:

swear

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "swear"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "swear"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "swear" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/swear

Google Dictionary:

swear | swore [past tense] | sworn [past participle] | swearing [present participle] | swears [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "swear"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=swear

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

swear

Audio: North American pronunciation of "swear"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=swear​001 word=swear

YourDictionary Audio:

swear

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "swear" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/swear

freedictionary.org:

swear

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "swear" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=swear

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

Copyright © 2008-2013 Memidex