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consume

verb

  1. (devour)  to eat immoderately
    Synonyms: devour, down, go through. Type of: eat
  2. (ingest)  to serve oneself to, or consume regularly
    Synonyms: have, ingest, partake, take, take in, touch. Follows: board, digest, quench
  3. (squander)  to spend extravagantly
    Synonyms: squander, ware, waste. Type of: spend
  4. (destroy)  to destroy completely
    Type of: destroy
  5. (eat up)  to use up (resources or materials)
    Synonyms: deplete, eat, eat up, exhaust, play out, run down, run through, sap, tire, use up, wipe...
  6. (absorb)  to engage fully
    Type of: absorb

Etymology summary

Old French consumer "to consume" (12th century) and directly from Latin...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

consume | expend [synonym, sense-specific] | consuming [adjective, derived]

[transitive] to eat or drink | [transitive] to engross or obsess | [transitive] to use up; expend | to destroy or be destroyed by burning, ... (22 of 557 words, 6 definitions, 12 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/consume

Merriam-Webster:

consume | consumed [past tense] | consuming [present participle] | destroy [synonym, sense-specific] | devour [synonym, sense-specific] | engross [synonym, sense-specific] | perish [synonym, sense-specific] | squander [synonym, sense-specific] | eat [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

to do away with completely; "destroy" | to spend wastefully; "squander" ; "use up" | to eat or drink especially in great quantity ; to enjoy avidly; ... (25 of 242 words, 7 definitions, 6 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/consume

American Heritage Dictionary:

consume | consumed [past tense] | consuming [present participle] | consumes [3rd-person singular present]

To take in as food; eat or drink up. | To expend; use up | To purchase (goods or services) for direct use or ownership. | To waste; squander. | To ... (27 of 125 words, 8 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/consume

Macmillan British Dictionary:

consume [transitive] | consumed [past tense] | consuming [present participle] | consumes [3rd-person singular present]

[formal] to eat or drink something | to use a supply of something such as time, energy, or fuel | [formal] to destroy something completely, especially ... (24 of 110 words, 4 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/consume

Oxford Dictionary:

consume

eat, drink, or ingest (food or drink) | (of a fire) completely destroy | use up (a resource) | buy (goods or services) | (of a feeling) completely ... (24 of 108 words, 5 definitions, 5 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/consume

Wikipedia:

Consumption [disambiguation]

may refer to: Consumption (ecology) | Consumption (disease), an archaic name for pulmonary tuberculosis | Ingestion of food and drink | Consumption (economics) | Consumption function, an economic formula | Use of final goods from a consumer until... (33 of 98 words, 9 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Consumption

New World Dictionary:

consume | consumed [past tense] | consuming [present participle] | consumable [adjective, related]

to destroy, as by fire; do away with | to use up ; to spend wastefully; squander (time, energy, money, etc.) | to eat or drink up; devour | to absorb ... (28 of 97 words, 7 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/consume

Random House Dictionary:

consume | consumed [past tense] | consuming [present participle]

to destroy or expend by use; use up. | to eat or drink up; devour. | to destroy, as by decomposition or burning. | to spend (money, time, etc.) ... (26 of 65 words, 7 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/consume

Cambridge Dictionary:

consume [entry 1]

to use fuel, energy or time, especially in large amounts | [formal] to eat or drink, especially a lot of something (20 of 53 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/consume 1

consume [entry 2] | be consumed by/with something | be consumed by something | be consumed with something

If a fire consumes something, it destroys it completely. | "be consumed by/with sth ": to have so much of a feeling that it affects everything you do (27 of 49 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/consume 2

Wiktionary:

consume | consumed [past tense] | consuming [present participle] | consumes [3rd-person singular present] | burn [Energy, synonym, sense-specific] | use [synonym, sense-specific] | use up [synonym, sense-specific] | devour [synonym, sense-specific] | eat [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

[transitive] To use. | [transitive] To eat. | [transitive] To completely occupy the thoughts or attention of. | [transitive] To destroy completely. | [intransitive, obsolete] To waste away slowly. (25 of 45 words, 5 definitions, 6 usage examples, pronunciations)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/consume

Encarta Dictionary:

consume | consumed [past tense] | consuming [present participle] | consumes [3rd-person singular present]

to eat or drink something, especially in large amounts | to use something in such a way that it cannot be reused or recovered afterward | to fill ... (26 of 135 words, 5 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861599843​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

consume

First use: late 14th century

Origin: Old French consumer "to consume" (12th century) and directly from Latin consumere "to use up, eat, waste", from com-, intensive ... (23 of 34 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=consume

New World Dictionary:

consume | consumed [past tense] | consuming [present participle]

Origin: Middle English consumen from Old French consumer from Latin consumere, to use up, eat, waste from com-, together + ... (19 of 30 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/consume

Merriam-Webster:

consume | consumed [past tense] | consuming [present participle]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English, from Middle French or Latin; Middle French consumer, from Latin consumere, from com- + sumere to take up, ... (22 of 29 etymology words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/consume

Collins Dictionary:

consume

First use: 14th century

Origin: from Latin consūmere to devour, from com- (intensive) + sūmere to take up, from emere to take, purchase

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/consume

American Heritage Dictionary:

consume | consumed [past tense] | consuming [present participle] | consumes [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English consumen, from Latin cōnsūmere: com-, intensive prefix; see "com-" + sūmere, to take; see em- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/consume

Oxford Dictionary:

consume

Origin: late Middle English: from Latin consumere, from con- "altogether" + sumere "take up"; reinforced by French consumer

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/consume

Wiktionary:

consume | consumed [past tense] | consuming [present participle] | consumes [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Latin consumere.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/consume

Encarta Dictionary:

consume | consumed [past tense] | consuming [present participle] | consumes [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Directly or via French from Latin consumere "take up completely" from sumere "take"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861599843​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

consume | consumed [past tense] | consuming [present participle] | consumes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "consume"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/consume

Collins Dictionary:

consume

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "consume"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/consume

Macmillan British Dictionary:

consume [transitive] | consumed [past tense] | consuming [present participle] | consumes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "consume"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/consume

Macmillan American Dictionary:

consume [transitive] | consumed [past tense] | consuming [present participle] | consumes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "consume"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/consume

Cambridge Dictionary:

consume [entry 1]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "consume"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "consume"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/consume 1

the Free Dictionary:

consume

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "consume"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "consume"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "consume" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/consume

Google Dictionary:

consume | consumed [past tense] | consuming [present participle] | consumes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "consume"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=consume

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

consume

Audio: North American pronunciation of "consume"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=consum​02 word=consume

YourDictionary Audio:

consume

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "consume" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/consume

freedictionary.org:

consume

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "consume" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=consume

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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