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profane

verb

  1. (change)  to corrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality
    Synonyms: corrupt, debase, debauch, demoralise [British spelling], demoralize [American/Canadian...
  2. (assail)  to violate the sacred character of a place or language
    Synonyms: desecrate, outrage, violate. Type of: assail

adjective

  1. (dirty)  characterized by profanity or cursing
    Synonyms: blasphemous, blue. Similar to: dirty
  2. (secular)  not concerned with or devoted to religion
    Synonyms: secular. Similar to: laical, profanatory
  3. (unholy)  not holy because unconsecrated, impure, or defiled
    Synonyms: unconsecrated, unsanctified. Similar to: unholy
  4. (irreverent)  grossly irreverent toward what is held to be sacred
    Synonyms: blasphemous, sacrilegious. Similar to: irreverent

Etymology summary

Latin profanare "to desecrate", from profanus "unholy, not consecrated", from...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

profane | secular [synonym, sense-specific]

having or indicating contempt, irreverence, or disrespect for a divinity or something sacred | not designed or used for religious purposes; secular | ... (21 of 518 words, 6 definitions, 10 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/profane

Merriam-Webster:

profane [entry 1, verb] | profaned [past tense] | profaning [present participle] | desecrate [synonym, sense-specific] | abase [synonym, sense-specific] | bastardize [synonym, sense-specific] | canker [synonym, sense-specific] | cheapen [synonym, sense-specific] | corrupt [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

to treat (something sacred) with abuse, irreverence, or contempt; "desecrate" | to debase by a wrong, unworthy, or vulgar use (19 of 167 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/profane

profane [entry 2, adjective] | secular [synonym, sense-specific] | unsanctified [synonym, sense-specific] | irreverent [synonym, sense-specific] | vulgar [synonym, sense-specific] | obscene [synonym, sense-specific] | nonreligious [synonym, sense-specific] | temporal [synonym, sense-specific] | religious [antonym, sense-specific] | ...

not concerned with religion or religious purposes; "secular" | not holy because unconsecrated, impure, or defiled; "unsanctified" | serving to debase ... (19 of 188 words, 4 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/profane show=1

Wiktionary:

profane | profanes [plural] | profaned [past tense] | profaning [present participle] | unhallowed [past tense] | unhallowing [present participle] | unhallows [3rd-person singular present] | secular [synonym, sense-specific] | temporal [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

Unclean; ritually impure; unholy, desecrating a holy place or thing. | Not sacred or holy, unconsecrated; relating to non-religious matters, secular. | Treating sacred things with contempt, disrespect, irreverence, or undue familiarity; blasphemous, ... (31 of 150 words, 7 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/profane

Oxford Dictionary:

profane | secular [synonym, sense-specific] | irreverent [synonym, sense-specific] | profanation [derived] | profanely [derived] | profaneness [derived] | profaner [derived]

not relating to that which is sacred or religious; secular | [persons] not initiated into religious rites or any esoteric knowledge | (of a person or ... (24 of 144 words, 5 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/profane

Wikipedia:

Profane [disambiguation]

may refer to: Sinfulness or sacrilege, acts which violate the sacred or the good. (See also blasphemy) | Profanity, foul language | The Profane, the part of reality that can be perceived and known, as conceptualized in the philosophical dichotomy of ... (39 of 108 words, 6 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Profane

American Heritage Dictionary:

profane | profaned [past tense] | profaning [present participle] | profanes [3rd-person singular present] | profanatory [adjective, related] | profanely [adverb, related] | profaner [noun, related]

Marked by contempt or irreverence for what is sacred. | Nonreligious in subject matter, form, or use; secular | Not admitted into a body of secret ... (24 of 105 words, 6 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/profane

Random House Dictionary:

profane | profaned [past tense] | profaning [present participle]

characterized by irreverence or contempt for God or sacred principles or things; irreligious. | not devoted to holy or religious purposes; ... (20 of 93 words, 7 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/profane

New World Dictionary:

profane | profaned [past tense] | profaning [present participle] | profanely [adverb, related] | profaneness [noun, related] | profaner [noun, related]

not connected with religion or religious matters; secular | not initiated into the inner mysteries or esoteric knowledge of something | not hallowed ... (21 of 89 words, 6 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/profane

Macmillan British Dictionary:

profane [transitive, formal, verb] | profaned [past tense] | profaning [present participle] | profanes [3rd-person singular present]

to show a lack of respect for God or for a religious object, place, or belief (16 of 46 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/profane 5

profane [formal]

showing a lack of respect for God or religious objects, places, or beliefs | not relating to religion (17 of 40 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/profane

Cambridge Dictionary:

profane [entry 1, formal]

showing no respect for a god or a religion, often through language (12 of 34 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/profane 1

profane [entry 2, formal]

not connected with religion or spiritual matters; secular (8 of 20 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/profane 2

Encarta Dictionary:

profane | profaned [past tense] | profaning [present participle] | profanes [3rd-person singular present]

showing disrespect for God, any deity, or religion | not connected with or used for religious matters | not initiated into sacred or secret rites | to ... (24 of 108 words, 4 definitions, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861736707​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

profane

First use: late 14th century

Origin: Latin profanare "to desecrate", from profanus "unholy, not consecrated", from pro fano "not admitted into the temple (with the ... (22 of 58 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=profane

American Heritage Dictionary:

profane | profaned [past tense] | profaning [present participle] | profanes [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English prophane, from Old French, from Latin profānus, from prō fānō, in front of the temple: prō-, ... (18 of 34 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/profane

New World Dictionary:

profane | profaned [past tense] | profaning [present participle]

Origin: Late Middle English prophane from Middle French from Latin profanus from pro-, before + fanum, temple; literally, outside ... (18 of 28 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/profane

Oxford Dictionary:

profane

Origin: late Middle English (in the sense "heathen"): from Old French prophane, from Latin profanus "outside the temple, not sacred", from ... (20 of 27 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/profane

Wiktionary:

profane | profanes [plural] | profaned [past tense] | profaning [present participle]

Origin: Middle French prophane, from Latin profānus ("not religious, unclean"), from pro- ("before") + fānum ("temple").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/profane

Collins Dictionary:

profane

First use: 15th century

Origin: from Latin profānus outside the temple, from pro-1 + fānum temple

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/profane

Merriam-Webster:

profane [entry 1, verb] | profaned [past tense] | profaning [present participle]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English prophanen, from Anglo-French prophaner, from Latin profanare, from profanus

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/profane

profane [entry 2, adjective]

First use: 15th century

Origin: Middle English prophane, from Middle French, from Latin profanus, from pro- before + fanum temple, feast

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/profane show=1

Encarta Dictionary:

profane | profaned [past tense] | profaning [present participle] | profanes [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 14th century

Origin: French from Latin profanus "outside the temple, not sacred" from fanum "temple"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861736707​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

profane

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "profane"

Audio 2: North American English pronunciation of "profane"

Audio 3: British English pronunciation of "profane"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/profane

Macmillan British Dictionary:

profane [transitive, formal, verb] | profaned [past tense] | profaning [present participle] | profanes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "profane"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/profane 5

profane [formal]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "profane"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/profane

Macmillan American Dictionary:

profane [transitive, formal, verb] | profaned [past tense] | profaning [present participle] | profanes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "profane"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/profane 5

profane [formal]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "profane"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/profane

Cambridge Dictionary:

profane [entry 1, formal]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "profane"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "profane"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/profane 1

the Free Dictionary:

profane

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "profane"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "profane"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "profane" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/profane

Google Dictionary:

profane | profaned [past tense] | profaning [present participle] | profanes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "profane"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=profane

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

profane

Audio: North American pronunciation of "profane"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=profan​04 word=profane

YourDictionary Audio:

profane

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "profane" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/profane

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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