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metonymy

Definition:

substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in "they counted heads")

Class:

communication noun (communicative processes and contents)

Related to:

metonymical

Plural:

metonymies

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Example:

metalepsis

Etymology:

Greek metonymia, literally "a change of name", from meta- "change" + onyma,...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Wikipedia:

Metonymy | TONN

a figure of speech used in rhetoric in which a thing or concept is not called by its own name, but by the name of something intimately associated with that thing or concept. For instance, "Hollywood" is used as a metonym for the U.S. film industry, ... (46 of 2349 words, pronunciation)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Metonymy

Collins Dictionary:

metonymy | metonymies [plural] | metonymic [adjective, derived]

the substitution of a word referring to an attribute for the thing that is meant, as for example the use of "the crown" to refer to a monarch (28 of 218 words, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/metonymy

Britannica Encyclopedia:

metonymy [figure of speech]

figure of speech in which the name of an object or concept is replaced with a word closely related to or suggested by the original, as "crown" to mean ... (29 of 160 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/378726​/metonymy

Oxford Dictionary:

metonymy | metonymies [plural] | metonymic [derived] | metonymical [derived] | metonymically [derived]

the substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meant, for example suit for business executive, or the turf for horse ... (27 of 72 words, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/metonymy

American Heritage Dictionary:

metonymy | metonymies [plural] | metonymic [adjective, related] | metonymical [adjective, related] | metonymically [adverb, related]

A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it's closely associated, as in the use of "Washington" for "the ... (27 of 66 words, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/metonymy

Merriam-Webster:

metonymy | metonymies [plural] | metonymic [adjective, related] | metonymical [adjective, related]

a figure of speech consisting of the use of the name of one thing for that of another of which it's an attribute or with which it's associated (as ... (29 of 66 words, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/metonymy

Macmillan British Dictionary:

metonymy [uncountable, literary]

expressions in which you refer to something using the name of something else that is closely related to it, as, for example, when journalists use the ... (26 of 61 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/metonymy

New World Dictionary:

metonymy | metonymies [plural] | metonymic [related]

a figure of speech in which the name of one thing is used in place of that of another associated with or suggested by it (Ex.: "the White House" for ... (30 of 58 words, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/metonymy

Random House Dictionary:

metonymy [rhetoric]

a figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it's related, or of which it's a part, ... (31 of 57 words, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/metonymy

Columbia Encyclopedia:

metonymy

figure of speech in which an attribute of a thing or something closely related to it's substituted for the thing itself. Thus, "sweat" can mean "hard ... (26 of 38 words, pronunciation)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/ent​/A​0832930​.html

Cambridge Dictionary:

metonymy [specialized] | metonym [noun, derived] | metonymic [adjective, derived]

when something is referred to by a word which describes a quality or feature of that thing (17 of 32 words, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/metonymy

Wiktionary:

metonymy | metonymies [plural] | synecdoche [subtype, sense-specific] | synecdochy [subtype, sense-specific] | trope [types, sense-specific] | figure of speech [types, sense-specific]

The use of a single characteristic or name of an object to identify an entire object or related object. | [countable] A metonym. (22 of 23 words, 2 definitions)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/metonymy

Encarta Dictionary:

metonymy

a figure of speech in which an attribute of something is used to stand for the thing itself, e.g. "laurels" when it stands for "glory" or "brass" when ... (28 of 60 words, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861629637​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

metonymy

First use: 1560s

Origin: Greek metonymia, literally "a change of name", from meta- "change" + onyma, dialectal of onoma "name". Figure in which the ... (21 of 46 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=metonymy

Wiktionary:

metonymy

Origin: Late Latin metonymia, from Ancient Greek μετονομασία (metōnumia, "change of name"), from μετά (meta, "other") + ὄνομα (onoma, "name").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/metonymy

Collins Dictionary:

metonymy | metonymies [plural]

First use: 16th century

Origin: from Late Latin from Greek: a changing of name, from meta- (indicating change) + onoma name

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/metonymy

American Heritage Dictionary:

metonymy | metonymies [plural]

Origin: Late Latin metōnymia, from Greek metōnumiā: meta-, meta- + onuma, name; see nō̆-men- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/metonymy

New World Dictionary:

metonymy | metonymies [plural]

Origin: Late Latin metonymia from Greek metōnymia from meta, other (see "meta-") + onoma, onyma, "name"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/metonymy

Oxford Dictionary:

metonymy | metonymies [plural]

First use: mid 16th century

Origin: Latin from Greek metōnumia, literally "change of name"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/metonymy

Merriam-Webster:

metonymy | metonymies [plural]

First use: 1547

Origin: Latin metonymia, from Greek metōnymia, from meta- + -ōnymon -onym

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/metonymy

Encarta Dictionary:

metonymy

First use: Mid-16th century

Origin: late Latin from Greek metōnumia "change of name" from meta- "beside, different" + onuma "name"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861629637​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

metonymy | metonymies [plural]

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "metonymy"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "metonymy"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/metonymy

Macmillan British Dictionary:

metonymy [uncountable, literary]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "metonymy"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/metonymy

Macmillan American Dictionary:

metonymy [uncountable, literary]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "metonymy"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/metonymy

Cambridge Dictionary:

metonymy [specialized]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "metonymy"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "metonymy"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/metonymy

the Free Dictionary:

metonymy

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "metonymy"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "metonymy"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "metonymy" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/metonymy

Google Dictionary:

metonymy | metonymies [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "metonymy"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=metonymy

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

metonymy

Audio: North American pronunciation of "metonymy"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=metony​02 word=metonymy

YourDictionary Audio:

metonymy

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "metonymy" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/metonymy

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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