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synecdoche

Definition:

substituting a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa

Class:

communication noun (communicative processes and contents)

Plural:

synecdoches

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

"part for whole or vice versa", from Medieval Latin synodoche, from Late Latin...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Wikipedia:

Synecdoche | NEK | the church | the law

a figure of speech in which a term for a part of something is used to refer to the whole of something, or vice-versa. For example, referring to a congregation as the church or the police as the law. Synecdoche is closely related to metonymy; indeed, ... (46 of 1226 words, pronunciation)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Synecdoche

Collins Dictionary:

synecdoche | synecdochical [adjective, derived]

a figure of speech in which a part is substituted for a whole or a whole for a part, as in "50 head of cattle" for "50 cows", or "the army" for "a ... (33 of 227 words, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/synecdoche

Merriam-Webster:

synecdoche | synecdochic [adjective, related] | synecdochical [adjective, related] | synecdochically [adverb, related]

a figure of speech by which a part is put for the whole (as fifty sail for fifty ships), the whole for a part (as society for high society), the ... (30 of 115 words, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/synecdoche

American Heritage Dictionary:

synecdoche | synecdochic [adjective, related] | synecdochical [adjective, related]

A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole (as "hand" for "sailor"), the whole for a part (as "the law" for "police officer"), the ... (29 of 113 words, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/synecdoche

New World Dictionary:

synecdoche | synecdochic [related]

a figure of speech in which a part is used for a whole, an individual for a class, a material for a thing, or the reverse of any of these (Ex.: bread ... (32 of 98 words, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/synecdoche

Britannica Encyclopedia:

synecdoche [literature]

figure of speech in which a part represents the whole, as in the expression "hired hands" for workmen or, less commonly, the whole represents a part, ... (26 of 94 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/578435​/synecdoche

Oxford Dictionary:

synecdoche | synecdochic [derived] | synecdochical [derived] | synecdochically [derived]

a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa, as in England lost by six wickets (meaning " the English cricket ... (29 of 72 words, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/synecdoche

Wiktionary:

synecdoche | synecdoches [plural] | syndoche [sense-specific] | synechdoche [sense-specific] | pars pro toto [synonym, sense-specific] | metonymy [types, sense-specific] | synecdochy [synonym, sense-specific]

[rhetoric] A figure or trope by which a part of a thing is put for the whole, the whole for a part, the species for the genus, the genus for the species, or the name of the material for the thing made, and similar. | [rhetoric] The use of synecdoche; ... (49 of 70 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/synecdoche

Macmillan British Dictionary:

synecdoche [countable, linguistics]

a word or phrase in which a part of something is used to refer to the whole of it or the whole of something is used to refer to a part, for example ... (33 of 69 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/synecdoche

Random House Dictionary:

synecdoche [rhetoric]

a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special, as in ... (32 of 50 words, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/synecdoche

Columbia Encyclopedia:

synecdoche

figure of speech, a species of metaphor, in which a part of a person or thing is used to designate the whole--thus, "The house was built by 40 hands" ... (30 of 43 words, pronunciation)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/ent​/A​0847499​.html

Cambridge Dictionary:

figure of speech | figures of speech [plural]

an expression which uses words to mean something different from their ordinary meaning (13 of 38 words, 1 usage example)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/figure-of-speech

Encarta Dictionary:

synecdoche

a figure of speech in which the word for part of something is used to mean the whole, e.g. "sail" for "boat," or vice versa (25 of 74 words, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861717759​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

synecdoche

First use: late 14th century

Origin: "part for whole or vice versa", from Medieval Latin synodoche, from Late Latin synecdoche, from Greek synekdokhe, literally "a ... (22 of 69 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=synecdoche

New World Dictionary:

synecdoche

Origin: Late Middle English, altered (influenced by Latin) from synodoche from Medieval Latin sinodoche, for Latin synecdoche from Greek ... (18 of 46 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/synecdoche

American Heritage Dictionary:

synecdoche

Origin: Middle English synodoches, from Medieval Latin synodoche, alteration of Latin synecdochē, from Greek sunekdokhē, from ... (15 of 43 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/synecdoche

Merriam-Webster:

synecdoche

First use: 15th century

Origin: Latin, from Greek synekdochē, from syn- + ekdochē sense, interpretation, from ekdechesthai to receive, understand, from ... (18 of 30 etymology words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/synecdoche

Collins Dictionary:

synecdoche

First use: 14th century

Origin: via Latin from Greek sunekdokhē, from syn- + ekdokhē interpretation, from dekhesthai to accept

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/synecdoche

Oxford Dictionary:

synecdoche

Origin: late Middle English: via Latin from Greek sunekdokhē, from sun- "together" + ekdekhesthai "take up"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/synecdoche

Wiktionary:

synecdoche | synecdoches [plural]

Origin: Latin synecdoche, from Ancient Greek συνεκδοχή (sunekdokhe, "receiving together").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/synecdoche

Encarta Dictionary:

synecdoche

First use: 14th century

Origin: Latin from Greek sunekdokhē from sunekdekhesthai "take on a share of" from ekdekhesthai "take"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861717759​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

synecdoche | synecdoches [plural]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "synecdoche"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/synecdoche

Collins Dictionary:

synecdoche

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "synecdoche"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "synecdoche"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/synecdoche

Macmillan British Dictionary:

synecdoche [countable, linguistics]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "synecdoche"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/synecdoche

Macmillan American Dictionary:

synecdoche [countable, linguistics]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "synecdoche"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/synecdoche

the Free Dictionary:

synecdoche

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "synecdoche"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "synecdoche"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "synecdoche" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/synecdoche

Google Dictionary:

synecdoche | synecdoches [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "synecdoche"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=synecdoche

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

synecdoche

Audio: North American pronunciation of "synecdoche"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=synecd​01 word=synecdoche

YourDictionary Audio:

synecdoche

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "synecdoche" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/synecdoche

freedictionary.org:

synecdoche

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "synecdoche" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=synecdoche

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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