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cephalosporin

Definition:

one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin; addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity

Class:

artifact noun (man-made objects)

Plural:

cephalosporins

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Synonyms:

Mefoxin [trade name]

Etymology:

New Latin Cephalosporium, genus name ("cephalo-" + spora, spore; see "spore") +...
(Source: American Heritage Dictionary)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Cephalosporin | cephalosporins

a class of β-lactam antibiotics originally derived from the fungus Acremonium, which was previously known as "Cephalosporium". Together with cephamycins, they constitute a subgroup of β-lactam antibiotics called cephems. Cephalosporins are indicated... (32 of 2159 words, 2 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Cephalosporin

Collins Dictionary:

cephalosporin

any of a group of broad-spectrum antibiotics obtained from fungi of the genus "Cephalosporium" (14 of 264 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/cephalosporin

Britannica Encyclopedia:

cephalosporin [drug]

any of a group of β-lactam antibiotics that inhibit the synthesis of a structural component of the bacterial cell wall. The cephalosporins were first ... (24 of 180 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/103061​/cephalosporin

Columbia Encyclopedia:

cephalosporin

any of a group of more than 20 antibiotics derived from species of fungi of the genus "Cephalosporium" and closely related chemically to penicillin. ... (24 of 81 words, pronunciation)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0811121​.html

Wiktionary:

cephalosporin | cephalosporins [plural]

Any of a class of natural and synthetic antibiotics developed from Cephalosporium fungi, having a cepham structure. (17 of 70 words, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/cephalosporin

Oxford Dictionary:

cephalosporin

any of a group of semi-synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotics resembling penicillin (10 of 40 words, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/cephalosporin

American Heritage Dictionary:

cephalosporin

Any of various broad-spectrum antibiotics, closely related to the penicillins, that were originally derived from the fungus "Cephalosporium ... (18 of 36 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cephalosporin

Merriam-Webster:

cephalosporin | Acremonium [genus]

any of several antibiotics produced by an imperfect fungus (genus Acremonium synonym Cephalosporium) (13 of 30 words, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/cephalosporin

Random House Dictionary:

cephalosporin [pharmacology]

any of a group of widely used broad-spectrum antibiotics, originally isolated as a product of fermentation from the fungus "Cephalosporium ... (20 of 28 words, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/cephalosporin

New World Dictionary:

cephalosporin

any of a major group of broad-spectrum antibiotics produced by, or derived from, a fungus (genus Cephalosporium): an alternative for people allergic ... (22 of 28 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cephalosporin

Macmillan British Dictionary:

antibiotic [countable] | antibiotics [plural]

a drug that cures illnesses and infections caused by bacteria. Doctors often give people a course of antibiotics, when they have to take a fixed ... (25 of 58 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/antibiotic

Cambridge Dictionary:

antibiotic

a medicine or chemical that can destroy harmful bacteria in the body or limit their growth (16 of 52 words, 4 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/antibiotic

Encarta Dictionary:

cephalosporin | cephalosporins [plural]

an antibiotic belonging to a group of semisynthetic antibiotics with a broad range of effectiveness. penicillin (16 of 51 words, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861595910​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

American Heritage Dictionary:

cephalosporin

Origin: New Latin Cephalosporium, genus name ("cephalo-" + spora, spore; see "spore") + "-in".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cephalosporin

Oxford Dictionary:

cephalosporin

First use: 1950s

Origin: modern Latin Cephalosporium (genus providing moulds for this) + "-in1"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/cephalosporin

Wiktionary:

cephalosporin | cephalosporins [plural]

Origin: New Latin Cephalosporium, a genus of fungi.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/cephalosporin

Merriam-Webster:

cephalosporin

First use: 1951

Origin: NL Cephalosporium, genus of fungi + -in

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/cephalosporin

Encarta Dictionary:

cephalosporin | cephalosporins [plural]

First use: Mid-20th century

Origin: modern Latin Cephalosporium, genus name of the fungus from which originally isolated from cephalo- + spora

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861595910​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

cephalosporin

Audio: British English pronunciation of "cephalosporin"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/cephalosporin

the Free Dictionary:

cephalosporin

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "cephalosporin"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "cephalosporin"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "cephalosporin" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/cephalosporin

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

cephalosporin

Audio: North American pronunciation of "cephalosporin"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=cephal​12 word=cephalosporin

YourDictionary Audio:

cephalosporin

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "cephalosporin" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/cephalosporin

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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