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antibiotic

noun

adjective

Etymology summary

"destructive to micro-organisms", from French antibiotique (about 1889), from...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Antibacterial

an agent that inhibits bacterial growth or kills bacteria. The term is often used synonymously with the term antibiotic. Today, however, with increased knowledge of the causative agents of various infectious diseases, antibiotic has come to denote a ... (38 of 7432 words, 6 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Antibacterial

Britannica Encyclopedia:

antibiotic [chemical compound]

chemical substance produced by a living organism, generally a microorganism, that is detrimental to other microorganisms. Although antibiotics are ... (19 of 564 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/27751​/antibiotic

Collins Dictionary:

antibiotic | amoxycillin [synonym] | amoxicillin [synonym]

any of various chemical substances, such as penicillin, streptomycin, ... | of or relating to antibiotics (15 of 452 words, 2 definitions, 8 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/antibiotic

Oxford Dictionary:

antibiotic

a medicine (such as penicillin or its derivatives) that inhibits the growth of or destroys microorganisms | relating to antibiotics (19 of 86 words, 2 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/antibiotic

American Heritage Dictionary:

antibiotic | antibiotically [adverb, related]

A substance, such as penicillin or streptomycin, produced by or derived ... | Of or relating to antibiotics. | Of or relating to antibiosis. | ... (22 of 67 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/antibiotic

New World Dictionary:

antibiotic [United States]

of antibiosis | destroying bacteria and other microorganisms or inhibiting their growth | of antibiotics | any of certain chemical substances produced ... (19 of 67 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/antibiotic

Random House Dictionary:

antibiotic

[biochemistry, pharmacology] : any of a large group of chemical substances, ... | of or involving antibiotics. (16 of 59 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/antibiotic

Macmillan British Dictionary:

antibiotic [countable] | antibiotics [plural]

a drug that cures illnesses and infections caused by bacteria. Doctors often give people a course of antibiotics, when they have to take a fixed ... (25 of 58 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/antibiotic

Cambridge Dictionary:

antibiotic

a medicine or chemical that can destroy harmful bacteria in the body or limit their growth (16 of 52 words, 4 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/antibiotic

Merriam-Webster:

antibiotic [entry 1, adjective] | antibiotically [adverb, related]

tending to prevent, inhibit, or destroy life | of or relating to antibiotics or to antibiosis (15 of 33 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/antibiotic

antibiotic [entry 2, noun]

a substance produced by or a semisynthetic substance derived from a microorganism and able in dilute solution to inhibit or kill another microorganism (23 of 45 words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/antibiotic show=1

Wiktionary:

antibiotic | antibiotics [plural]

[pharmacology] Any substance that can destroy or inhibit the growth of bacteria and similar microorganisms. | [pharmacology] Of or relating to antibiotics. (21 of 34 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/antibiotic

Columbia Encyclopedia:

antibiotic

any of a variety of substances, usually obtained from microorganisms, that inhibit the growth of or destroy certain other microorganisms. (20 of 22 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0804210​.html

Encarta Dictionary:

antibiotic | antibiotics [plural] | antibiotically [adverb, derived]

a naturally produced substance that kills or inactivates bacteria, but has no effect against viruses, used as a medication | able to kill or ... (23 of 50 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861585934​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

antibiotic

First use: 1894

Origin: "destructive to micro-organisms", from French antibiotique (about 1889), from anti- "against" + biotique "of (microbial) life", ... (17 of 40 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=antibiotic

Wiktionary:

antibiotic | antibiotics [plural]

Origin: French antibiotique, coined in 1889 by P. Vuillemin from anti- and biotique, from Ancient Greek βιωτικός (biōtikós, "concerning or relating to life") (from βίος (bíos, "life"), from... (27 of 37 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/antibiotic

Oxford Dictionary:

antibiotic

First use: mid 19th century

Origin: (in the sense 'doubting the possibility of life in a particular environment'): from "anti-" + Greek biōtikos "fit for life" (from bios "life")

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/antibiotic

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

antibiotic

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "antibiotic"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/antibiotic

Macmillan American Dictionary:

antibiotic [countable] | antibiotics [plural]

Audio 1: North American pronunciation of "antibiotic"

Audio 2: North American pronunciation of "antibiotic"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/antibiotic

Macmillan British Dictionary:

antibiotic [countable] | antibiotics [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "antibiotic"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/antibiotic

Cambridge Dictionary:

antibiotic

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "antibiotic"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "antibiotic"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/antibiotic

the Free Dictionary:

antibiotic

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "antibiotic"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "antibiotic"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "antibiotic" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/antibiotic

Google Dictionary:

antibiotic | antibiotics [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "antibiotic"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=antibiotic

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

antibiotic

Audio: North American pronunciation of "antibiotic"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=antibi​02 word=antibiotic

antibiotic

Audio: North American pronunciation of "antibiotic"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=antibi​03 word=antibiotic

YourDictionary Audio:

antibiotic

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "antibiotic" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/antibiotic

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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