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Harijan

Definition:

someone of the lowest social and ritual class in India

Class:

person noun (people)

Plural:

Harijans

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

Sanskrit harijanaḥ, person of Hari, child of God (coined as a euphemism for...
(Source: American Heritage Dictionary)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Harijan

a term used by Mohandas Gandhi for Dalits. Gandhi said it was wrong to call people 'untouchable', and called them Harijans, which means children of God. It's still in wide use especially in Gandhi's home state of Gujarat. The term can also be... (43 of 572 words, 2 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Harijan

Britannica Encyclopedia:

untouchable [Hindu social class] | Scheduled Caste [officially] | Harijan [archaic] | Dalit [synonym]

in traditional Indian society, the former name for any member of a wide range of low-caste Hindu groups and any person outside the caste system. The ... (26 of 637 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/618508​/untouchable

Collins Dictionary:

Harijan | scheduled castes [synonym]

a member of certain classes in India, formerly considered inferior and untouchable (12 of 311 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/harijan

Oxford Dictionary:

Harijan

a member of a hereditary Hindu group of the lowest social and ritual status. | See "untouchable". (16 of 55 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/Harijan

American Heritage Dictionary:

untouchable | Harijan | Harijans [plural] | outcaste [plural] | untouchability [noun, related] | untouchably [adverb, related]

Not to be touched. | Out of reach; unobtainable. | Being beyond the reach of criticism, impeachment, or attack. | Loathsome or unpleasant to the ... (22 of 51 words, 5 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/untouchable

Random House Dictionary:

Harijan | Harijan jans [plural] | (esp [plural] | untouchable [synonym, sense-specific]

"Harijan" or "harijan": [Hinduism] : untouchable (definition 5) | a member of the group formerly known as untouchables in India: a term used by ... (23 of 37 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/harijan

Merriam-Webster:

harijan | Harijan | untouchable [synonym]

a member of the outcaste group in India; "untouchable" (9 of 36 words, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/harijan

Macmillan British Dictionary:

Dalit [countable, India] | Dalits [plural]

someone who belongs to the lowest caste (=social class) in the traditional Hindu social system (15 of 42 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/Dalit

Wiktionary:

Dalit | Dalits [plural]

A member of a South Asian group of people traditionally regarded as untouchables or outcastes. (15 of 16 words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/Dalit

New World Dictionary:

untouchable | untouchability [noun, related]

that cannot or should not be touched | an untouchable person or thing | in India, any member of the lowest castes, whose touch was regarded as ... (25 of 48 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/untouchable

Cambridge Dictionary:

untouchable [entry 1]

not able to be punished, criticized or changed in any way (11 of 35 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/untouchable 1

untouchable [entry 2]

not able to be defeated or to be as good as (11 of 34 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/untouchable 2

untouchable [entry 3]

a member of the lowest social group in Indian society (10 of 16 words, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/untouchable 3

Columbia Encyclopedia:

Harijans | Dalits

in India, individuals who are at the bottom of or outside the Hindu caste system. They were traditionally sweepers, washers of clothes, ... (22 of 295 words, pronunciation)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/society​/A​0822733​.html

Encarta Dictionary:

Dalit | Dalits [plural] | Harijan [southern Asia] | Harijans [southern Asia, plural]

in parts of South Asia, a member of a class regarded as below the four divisions within the traditional Hindu caste system (22 of 41 words, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 561503417​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

American Heritage Dictionary:

Harijan | Harijans [plural]

Origin: Sanskrit harijanaḥ, person of Hari, child of God (coined as a euphemism for Untouchable by Mohandas K. Gandhi in 1931): ... (20 of 37 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/harijan

Oxford Dictionary:

Harijan

Origin: Sanskrit harijana, literally "a person dedicated to Vishnu", from Hari "Vishnu" + jana "person". The term was adopted and popularized by Gandhi

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/Harijan

Collins Dictionary:

Harijan

Origin: Hindi, literally: man of God (so called by Mahatma Gandhi), from Hari god + jan man

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/harijan

Encarta Dictionary:

Harijan [southern Asia] | Harijans [plural]

First use: Mid-20th century

Origin: Sanskrit, "God's people"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861616651​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

Harijan

Audio: British English pronunciation of "Harijan"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/harijan

the Free Dictionary:

Harijan

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "Harijan"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "Harijan"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "Harijan" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/Harijan

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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