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glycoside

Definition:

a group of compounds derived from monosaccharides

Class:

substance noun (substance and materials)

Plural:

glycosides

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

"glyco-" "relating to sugar", on the pattern of glucoside
(Source: Oxford Dictionary)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Glycoside

a molecule in which a sugar is bound to a non-carbohydrate moiety, usually a small organic molecule. Glycosides play numerous important roles in living organisms. Many plants store chemicals in the form of inactive glycosides. These can be activated by... (40 of 1723 words, pronunciation, 3 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Glycoside

Collins Dictionary:

glycoside

any of a group of substances, such as digitoxin, derived from monosaccharides by replacing the hydroxyl group by another group. Many are important ... (23 of 280 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/glycoside

Britannica Encyclopedia:

glycoside [biochemistry]

any of a wide variety of naturally occurring substances in which a carbohydrate portion, consisting of one or more sugars or a uronic acid, is ... (25 of 168 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/236171​/glycoside

Oxford Dictionary:

glycoside | glycosidic [derived]

Syllabification: (gly·co·side) | [biochemistry] | a compound formed from a simple sugar and another compound by replacement of a hydroxyl group in the ... (21 of 68 words, 3 definitions, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/glycoside

glycoside [biochemistry] | glycosidic [derived]

a compound formed from a simple sugar and another compound by replacement of a hydroxyl group in the sugar molecule. Many drugs and poisons derived ... (25 of 65 words, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/glycoside

Merriam-Webster:

glycoside | glycosidic [adjective, related] | glycosidically [adverb, related]

any of numerous sugar derivatives that contain a nonsugar group bonded to an oxygen or nitrogen atom and that on hydrolysis yield a sugar (as glucose) (26 of 46 words, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/glycoside

New World Dictionary:

glycoside | glycosidic [adjective, related]

any of a group of sugar derivatives, widely distributed in plants, which on hydrolysis yield a sugar and one or more other substances (23 of 42 words, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/glycoside

American Heritage Dictionary:

glycoside | glycosidic [adjective, related]

Any of a group of organic compounds, occurring abundantly in plants, that yield a sugar and one or more nonsugar substances on hydrolysis. (23 of 38 words, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/glycoside

Wiktionary:

glycoside [organic chemistry, biochemistry] | glycosides [plural]

A molecule in which a sugar group (the glycone) is bound to a non-sugar group (the corresponding aglycone) by a nitrogen or oxygen atom. Glycosides yield a sugar after undergoing hydrolysis. (31 of 35 words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/glycoside

Random House Dictionary:

glycoside [biochemistry]

any of the class of compounds that yield a sugar and an aglycon upon hydrolysis. (15 of 21 words, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/glycoside

Encarta Dictionary:

glycoside | glycosides [plural]

a compound belonging to a group that reacts with water to form a sugar and a nonsugar. Some glycosides are used medicinally. (22 of 46 words, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861614352​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Oxford Dictionary:

glycoside

First use: late 19th century

Origin: "glyco-" "relating to sugar", on the pattern of glucoside

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/glycoside

New World Dictionary:

glycoside

Origin: French from glycose (altered after Greek glykys), for glucose, "glucose" + -ide, "-ide"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/glycoside

Wiktionary:

glycoside [organic chemistry, biochemistry] | glycosides [plural]

Origin: glyco- ("a sugar"), + -ide (similar to glucoside), 1925-1930.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/glycoside

American Heritage Dictionary:

glycoside

Origin: glycose, a monosaccharide (variant of "glucose") + "-ide".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/glycoside

Merriam-Webster:

glycoside

First use: 1855

Origin: alteration of glucoside

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/glycoside

Encarta Dictionary:

glycoside | glycosides [plural]

First use: Mid-20th century

Origin: glycose, variant of glucose

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861614352​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

glycoside

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "glycoside"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "glycoside"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/glycoside

the Free Dictionary:

glycoside

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "glycoside"

Audio 2: North American English pronunciation of "glycoside" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/glycoside

Google Dictionary:

glycoside | glycosides [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "glycoside"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=glycoside

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

glycoside

Audio: North American pronunciation of "glycoside"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=glycos​03 word=glycoside

YourDictionary Audio:

glycoside

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "glycoside" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/glycoside

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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