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until

Class:

conjunction | preposition

Etymology:

Old Norse und "as far as, up to" (related to Old English end; see "end") + till...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

until | before [synonym, sense-specific]

up to (a time) that | [used with a negative] before (a time or event) | [often preceded by "up"] in or throughout the period before | [used with a ... (27 of 532 words, 4 definitions, 13 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/until

Macmillan British Dictionary:

until | not ... until

happening or done up to a particular point in time, and then stopping | continuing as far as a particular place | "not (...) until": used for stating ... (26 of 253 words, 3 definitions, 10 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/until

Merriam-Webster:

until [entry 1, preposition] | 'til [conjunction, until] | while [preposition, dialect, British] | before [sense-specific, synonym] | to [synonym, sense-specific]

[Scottish] "to" | [used as a function word to indicate continuance (as of an action or condition) to a specified time] : "before" [sense-specific] (23 of 94 words, 2 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/until

until [entry 2, conjunction]

up to the time that; up to such time as (10 of 86 words, 3 usage examples)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/until show=1

Oxford Dictionary:

until

up to (the point in time or the event mentioned) On the differences between until and till, | see till1 (usage). (20 of 93 words, 2 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/until

American Heritage Dictionary:

until

Up to the time of | Before (a specified time) | [Scottish] Unto; to. | Up to the time that | Before | To the point or extent that (24 of 81 words, 6 definitions, 5 usage examples)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/until

Random House Dictionary:

until | donec [prescriptions] | before [synonym, sense-specific]

up to the time that or when; till. | before (usually used in negative constructions) | onward to or till (a specified time or occurrence). | before ... (24 of 72 words, 5 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/until

New World Dictionary:

until

up to the time of; till (a specified time or occurrence) | before (a specified time or occurrence): used with a negative | [Scottish] to or toward | ... (25 of 72 words, 6 definitions, 5 usage examples)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/until

Cambridge Dictionary:

until [entry 1] | not until | till

up to (the time that) | "not until": not before a particular time or event (14 of 57 words, 2 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/until 1

until [entry 2] | till

as far as (3 of 25 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/until 2

Wiktionary:

until | 'til [non-standard, synonym, sense-specific] | till [synonym, sense-specific] | since [antonym, sense-specific]

Up to the time of (something happening). | Before (a time). | Up to the time that (a condition becomes true). | Before (a condition becoming true). (24 of 38 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/until

Encarta Dictionary:

until | 'til | 'till

up to a time or event, but not afterward | before a time or event (used in negative statements) (18 of 88 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861708481​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

until

First use: about 1200

Origin: Old Norse und "as far as, up to" (related to Old English end; see "end") + till "until, up to". Originally also used of persons ... (27 of 56 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=until

American Heritage Dictionary:

until

Origin: Middle English: un-, up to (from Old Norse und; see ant- in Indo-European roots) + til, till; see "till" [sense-specific].

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/until

Collins Dictionary:

until

First use: 13th century

Origin: untill; related to Old High German unt unto, until, Old Norse und; see till1

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/until

Oxford Dictionary:

until

Origin: Middle English: from Old Norse und "as far as" + "till1" (the sense thus duplicated)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/until

Wiktionary:

until

Origin: Old Norse und ("as far as, up to") and til ("until, up to")

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/until

New World Dictionary:

until

Origin: Middle English untill from un- (see "unto") + till, to, "till"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/until

Merriam-Webster:

until [entry 1, preposition]

First use: 13th century

Origin: Middle English, from un- (probably from Old Norse *und up to; akin to Old Norse unz up to, until, Old High German unt, Old ... (26 of 32 etymology words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/until

Encarta Dictionary:

until

First use: 12th century

Origin: assumed Old Norse und "till" + till [entry 1]

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861708481​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

until

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "until"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/until

Collins Dictionary:

until

Audio: British English pronunciation of "until"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/until

Macmillan British Dictionary:

until

Audio: British English pronunciation of "until"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/until

Macmillan American Dictionary:

until

Audio: North American pronunciation of "until"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/until

Cambridge Dictionary:

until [entry 1]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "until"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "until"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/until 1

the Free Dictionary:

until

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "until"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "until"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "until" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/until

Google Dictionary:

until

Audio: English pronunciation of "until"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=until

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

until

Audio: North American pronunciation of "until"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=until​001 word=until

YourDictionary Audio:

until

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "until"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/until

freedictionary.org:

until

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "until" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=until

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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