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swinge

Definition:

to burn superficially or lightly

Class:

change verb (size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.)

Past tense:

swinged

Present participle:

swingeing

3rd-person singular present:

swinges

Type of:

char » burn » damage » change

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Synonyms:

singe

Etymology:

Old English swengan; related to Old Frisian swenga to drench, Gothic afswaggwjan...
(Source: Collins Dictionary)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

The Swinge
(Coordinates: 49.723°N 2.239°W)

the strait between Alderney and Burhou in the Channel Islands. It often sees a furious tidal race, and Braye Harbour which faces it, has a mile long breakwater to cope with this. The etymology of the Swinge is probably Old Norse, related to Old... (44 of 156 words, 1 image)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/The Swinge

Collins Dictionary:

swinge [transitive, archaic]

to beat, flog, or punish (5 of 204 words, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/swinge

Oxford Dictionary:

swinge [transitive, literary] | swinged [past tense] | swingeing [present participle] | swinges [3rd-person singular present] | beat [synonym]

strike hard; beat (3 of 45 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/swinge

swinge | swinged [past tense] | swingeing [present participle] | swinges [3rd-person singular present]

Syllabification: (swinge) | [transitive, literary] | strike hard; beat. (7 of 40 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/swinge

Wiktionary:

swinge | swinges [plural] | swinged [past tense] | swingeing [present participle] | Power [synonym, sense-specific] | influence [synonym, sense-specific] | sway [synonym, sense-specific]

[obsolete] To singe. | [archaic] To lash. | [archaic] To strike hard. | [archaic] A swinging blow. | [obsolete] Power; sway; influence. (18 of 40 words, 5 definitions, 3 usage examples)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/swinge

American Heritage Dictionary:

swinge [archaic] | swinged [past tense] | swingeing [present participle] | swinging [present participle] | swinges [3rd-person singular present] | swinger [noun, related]

To punish with blows; thrash; beat. (6 of 33 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/swinge

Merriam-Webster:

swinge [entry 1, verb, dialect] | swinged [past tense] | swingeing [present participle] | beat [synonym] | scourge [synonym]

"beat", "scourge" (2 of 31 words, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/swinge

swinge [entry 2, verb, dialect] | swinged [past tense] | swingeing [present participle] | singe [synonym] | scorch [synonym]

"singe", "scorch" (2 of 18 words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/swinge show=1

New World Dictionary:

swinge [archaic] | whip [synonym] | swinged

to punish with blows; beat; whip (6 of 21 words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/swinge

Random House Dictionary:

swinge | swinged [past tense] | swingeing [present participle] | punish [synonym, sense-specific]

[British, dialect] : to thrash; punish. | "swinge" : to singe. (10 of 20 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/swinge

Macmillan British Dictionary:

singe [intransitive/transitive] | singed [past tense] | singeing [present participle] | singes [3rd-person singular present]

to burn something slightly so that only the edge or surface is affected (13 of 49 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/singe

singe [countable, noun] | singes [plural]

a black mark made by burning something slightly (8 of 33 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/singe 6

Cambridge Dictionary:

singe [entry 1] | singeing [past tense]

to burn slightly on the surface, without producing flames (9 of 28 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/singe 1

singe [entry 2]

a slight burn mark (4 of 18 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/singe 2

Britannica Encyclopedia:

char [fish]

any of several freshwater food and game fishes distinguished from the similar trout by light, rather than black, spots and by a boat-shaped bone that ... (25 of 128 words, 3 images)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/106206​/char

Columbia Encyclopedia:

salmon | char | trout | whitefish

member of the Salmonidae, a family of marine fish that spawn in freshwater, including the salmons, the trouts, and the chars. Many authorities place ... (24 of 83 words, pronunciation)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0843247​.html

Encarta Dictionary:

swinge [literary] | swinged [past tense] | swingeing [present participle] | swinges [3rd-person singular present]

to punish somebody severely, especially by beating or flogging (9 of 42 words, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861717547​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Collins Dictionary:

swinge [transitive, archaic]

Origin: Old English swengan; related to Old Frisian swenga to drench, Gothic afswaggwjan to cause to sway; see swing

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/swinge

singe

Origin: Old English sengan; related to Middle High German sengen to singe, Dutch sengel spark, Norwegian sengla to smell of ... (19 of 26 etymology words)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/singe

New World Dictionary:

swinge [archaic]

Origin: Middle English swengen from Old English swengan, causative of swingan, to "swing"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/swinge

singe | singed [past tense] | singeing [present participle]

Origin: Middle English sengen from Old English sengan, akin to German sengen from Indo-European base *senk-, to burn, dry out ... (19 of 28 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/singe

Oxford Dictionary:

swinge [transitive, literary] | swinged [past tense] | swingeing [present participle] | swinges [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Old English swengan "shake, shatter, move violently", of Germanic origin

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/swinge

singe | singed [past tense] | singeing [present participle] | singes [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Old English sencgan, of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch zengen

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/singe

American Heritage Dictionary:

swinge [archaic] | swinged [past tense] | swingeing [present participle] | swinging [present participle] | swinges [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English swengen, to shake, dash, from Old English swengan.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/swinge

singe | singed [past tense] | singeing [present participle] | singes [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English sengen, from Old English sengan.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/singe

Wiktionary:

swinge | swinges [plural] | swinged [past tense] | swingeing [present participle]

Origin: Old English swengan: to shatter to Middle English swenge

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/swinge

singe | singes [plural] | singed [past tense] | singeing [present participle]

Origin: Middle English sengen, from Old English sengan, sæncgan ("to singe, burn slightly, scorch, afflict"), from Proto-Germanic *sangijaną ("to burn, torch"), from Proto-Indo-European *senk- ("to burn"). Cognate with... (27 of 41 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/singe

Merriam-Webster:

swinge [entry 1, verb, dialect] | swinged [past tense] | swingeing [present participle]

First use: 12th century

Origin: Middle English swengen to shake, from Old English swengan; akin to Old English swingan

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/swinge

swinge [entry 2, verb, dialect] | swinged [past tense] | swingeing [present participle]

First use: 1590

Origin: alteration of singe

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/swinge show=1

singe [entry 1, verb] | singed [past tense] | singeing [present participle]

First use: before 12th century

Origin: Middle English sengen, from Old English sæncgan, sengan; akin to Old High German bisengan to singe, Old Church Slavic isęknǫti to dry up

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/singe

Online Etymology:

singe

Origin: Old English sengan "to burn lightly, burn the edges" (of hair, wings, and so on...), from Proto-Germanic *sangjanan (compare Old Frisian ... (21 of 54 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=singe

Encarta Dictionary:

swinge [literary] | swinged [past tense] | swingeing [present participle] | swinges [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Old English swengan from Germanic

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861717547​/definition​.html  [offline]

singe | singes [plural] | singed [past tense] | singeing [present participle]

Origin: Old English sencgan from W Germanic

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861735004​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

swinge [transitive, archaic]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "swinge"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/swinge

singe

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "singe"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/singe

the Free Dictionary:

swinge

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "swinge"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "swinge"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "swinge" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/swinge

singe

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "singe"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "singe"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "singe" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/singe

Google Dictionary:

swinge | swinged [past tense] | swingeing [present participle] | swinges [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "swinge"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=swinge

singe | singes [plural] | singed [past tense] | singeing [present participle]

Audio: English pronunciation of "singe"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=singe

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

swinge

Audio: North American pronunciation of "swinge"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=swinge​01 word=swinge

singe

Audio: North American pronunciation of "singe"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=singe​001 word=singe

YourDictionary Audio:

swinge

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "swinge"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/swinge

singe

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "singe" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/singe

Macmillan British Dictionary:

singe [intransitive/transitive] | singed [past tense] | singeing [present participle] | singes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "singe"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/singe

singe [countable, noun] | singes [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "singe"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/singe 6

Macmillan American Dictionary:

singe [intransitive/transitive] | singed [past tense] | singeing [present participle] | singes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "singe"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/singe

singe [countable, noun] | singes [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "singe"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/singe 6

Cambridge Dictionary:

singe [entry 1] | singeing [past tense]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "singe"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "singe"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/singe 1

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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