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summons

noun

  1. (invitation)  a request to be present
    Synonyms: bidding. Type of: invitation
  2. (order)  an order to appear in person at a given place and time
    Type of: order
  3. (law)  a writ issued by authority of law; usually compels the defendant's attendance in a civil suit; failure to appear results in a default judgment against the defendant
    Synonyms: process. Topic: law. Type of: judicial writ

verb

  1. (cite)  to call in an official matter, such as to attend court
    Synonyms: cite, summon. Type of: call
  2. (ask, come)  to ask to come
    Type of: call
  3. (muster up)  to gather or bring together
    Synonyms: come up, muster, muster up, rally. Type of: gather
  4. (mobilize)  to make ready for action or use
    Synonyms: marshal, mobilise [British spelling], mobilize [American/Canadian spelling]. Type of:...

Etymology summary

Old French sumunce (modern French semonce), from popular Latin *summonsa, a noun...
(Source: Wiktionary)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Summons | claim form | Court Attendance Notice

a legal document issued by a court or by an administrative agency of government for various purposes. A judicial summons is addressed to a defendant in a legal proceeding. Typically, the summons will announce to the person to whom it's directed that a ... (43 of 1257 words)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Summons

Summons (disambiguation)

a legal document issued by a court. Summons may also refer to: Arthur Summons (born 1935), Australian representative rugby union and rugby league player | The Summons, a legal thriller novel | Summons of the Lord of Hosts, a Bahá'í holy text | Zhao... (41 of 112 words, 6 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Summons (disambiguation)

Evocation

the act of calling or summoning a spirit, demon, god or other supernatural agent, in the Western mystery tradition. Comparable practices exist in many religions and magical traditions and may employ the use of pharmakeia with and without uttered word ... (40 of 1762 words, 2 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Evocation

Collins Dictionary:

summons | summonses [plural] | summon | summonable [adjective, derived]

a call, signal, or order to do something, especially to appear in person or attend at a specified place or time | an official order requiring a person ... (27 of 591 words, 9 definitions, 10 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/summons

summon | summonable [adjective, derived]

to order to come; send for, especially to attend court, by issuing a summons | to order or instruct (to do something) or call (to something) | to call ... (27 of 473 words, 4 definitions, 10 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/summon

Merriam-Webster:

summon | summoned [past tense] | summoning [present participle] | convoke [synonym, sense-specific] | evoke [synonym, sense-specific] | call [synonym, sense-specific] | hail [synonym, sense-specific] | cite [similar, sense-specific] | subpoena [similar, sense-specific] | ...

to issue a call to convene; "convoke" | to command by service of a summons to appear in court | to call upon for specified action | to bid to come; ... (28 of 306 words, 5 definitions, 8 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/summon

summons [entry 1, noun] | summonses [plural] | process [synonym, sense-specific] | subpoena [synonym, sense-specific] | capias [similar, sense-specific] | warrant [similar, sense-specific] | writ [similar, sense-specific] | ticket [similar, sense-specific]

the act of summoning ; especially, a call by authority to appear at a place named or to attend to a duty | a warning or citation to appear in court: ... (30 of 135 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/summons

Oxford Dictionary:

summons | summonses [plural]

an order to appear before a judge or magistrate, or the writ containing such an order | an authoritative or urgent call to someone to be present or to ... (28 of 120 words, 4 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/summons

summon | summon something up | summonable [derived] | summoner [derived]

order (someone) to be present | authoritatively call on (someone) to be present as a defendant or witness in a law court | urgently demand (help) | ... (24 of 141 words, 6 definitions, 6 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/summon

Random House Dictionary:

summons | summonses [plural]

an authoritative command, message, or signal by which one is summoned. | a request, demand, or call to do something. | [law] ; a call or citation by ... (26 of 99 words, 6 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/summons

summon

to call upon to do something specified. | to call for the presence of, as by command, message, or signal; call. | to call or notify to appear at a ... (28 of 83 words, 5 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/summon

Britannica Encyclopedia:

summons [law] | Citation [synonym]

in law, document issued by a court ordering a specific person to appear at a specific time for some specific purpose. It's issued either directly to ... (26 of 95 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/573414​/summons

Wiktionary:

summons | summonses [plural] | summonsed [past tense] | summonsing [present participle]

A call to do something, especially to come. | [law] A notice summoning someone to appear in court, as a defendant, juror or witness. | [transitive] To serve someone with a summons. | Third-person singular simple present indicative form of summon. (38 of 83 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/summons

summon | summoned [past tense] | summoning [present participle] | summons [3rd-person singular present]

To call people together; to convene. | To ask someone to come; to send for. | [law] To order someone to appear in court, especially by issuing a summons. (27 of 35 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/summon

American Heritage Dictionary:

summons | summonses [plural] | summonsed [past tense] | summonsing [present participle]

A call by an authority to appear, come, or do something. | [law] ; A notice summoning a defendant to appear in court. | A notice summoning a person to ... (28 of 72 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/summons

summon | summoned [past tense] | summoning [present participle] | summons [3rd-person singular present] | summoner [noun, related]

To call together; convene. | To request to appear; send for. | [law] To order to appear in court by the issuance of a summons. | To order to take a ... (28 of 102 words, 5 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/summon

New World Dictionary:

summons | summonses [plural]

an order or command to come, attend, appear, or perform some action ; [law] ... | a call, command, knock, or other signal that summons | [informal] to ... (26 of 70 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/summons

summon | summoner [noun, related]

to call together; order to meet or convene | to order to come or appear; call for or send for with authority or urgency | to order, as by a summons, ... (29 of 80 words, 5 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/summon

Columbia Encyclopedia:

procedure | action | pleadings | process | suit | summons | trial

in law, the rules that govern the obtaining of legal redress. This article deals only with civil procedure in Anglo-American law (for criminal ... (23 of 58 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/society​/A​0840198​.html

Macmillan British Dictionary:

summons [countable] | summonses [plural]

[law] an official document that orders someone to appear in a court of law | [formal] an urgent request or order for someone to go somewhere or do ... (27 of 52 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/summons

summons [transitive, law, verb] | summonsed [past tense] | summonsing [present participle] | summonses [3rd-person singular present]

to order someone to appear in court (7 of 16 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/summons 6

summon [transitive] | summoned [past tense] | summoning [present participle] | summons [3rd-person singular present] | summon up

[formal] to officially order someone to come to a place, especially a court ... | "summon" or "summon up": to manage to produce a quality or a ... (26 of 169 words, 3 definitions, 8 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/summon

Cambridge Dictionary:

summons

an order to come and see someone | [law] an official demand to appear in a court of law (18 of 43 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/summons

summon [entry 1]

to order someone to come to or be present at a particular place, or to officially arrange a meeting of people (21 of 64 words, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/summon 1

summon [entry 2]

to increase your bravery or strength, especially with an effort (10 of 35 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/summon 2

Encarta Dictionary:

summons | summonses [plural] | summonsed [past tense] | summonsing [present participle]

a written order to somebody to appear in court to answer a complaint | a written order to a witness or juror to appear in court | an authoritative ... (27 of 107 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861716883​/definition​.html  [offline]

summon | summoned [past tense] | summoning [present participle] | summons [3rd-person singular present]

to order somebody to appear in court by serving a summons | to send or be a signal for somebody to come | to call together a formal or official body | ... (29 of 146 words, 5 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861716882​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Wiktionary:

summons | summonses [plural] | summonsed [past tense] | summonsing [present participle]

Origin: Old French sumunce (modern French semonce), from popular Latin *summonsa, a noun use of the feminine past participle of summoneō, summonēre ("to summon"). | Inflected forms.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/summons

summon | summoned [past tense] | summoning [present participle] | summons [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Anglo-Norman somoundre, from Old French sumundre, from Vulgar Latin *summundre, from Latin summonere, itself from sub + monere.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/summon

Collins Dictionary:

summons | summonses [plural] | summon

First use: 13th century

Origin: from Old French somonse, from somondre to summon | from Latin summonēre to give a discreet reminder, from monēre to advise

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/summons

summon

First use: 13th century

Origin: from Latin summonēre to give a discreet reminder, from monēre to advise

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/summon

Oxford Dictionary:

summons | summonses [plural]

Origin: Middle English: from Old French sumunse, from an alteration of Latin summonita, feminine past participle of summonere (see "summon")

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/summons

summon | summon something up

Origin: Middle English: from Old French somondre, from Latin summonere "give a hint", later "call, summon", from sub- "secretly" + monere "warn"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/summon

American Heritage Dictionary:

summons | summonses [plural] | summonsed [past tense] | summonsing [present participle]

Origin: Middle English somons, from Old French somonse, from feminine past participle of somondre, to summon; see "summon".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/summons

summon | summoned [past tense] | summoning [present participle] | summons [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English somonen, from Old French somondre, from Vulgar Latin *summonere, from Latin summonēre, to remind ... (16 of 33 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/summon

New World Dictionary:

summons | summonses [plural]

Origin: Middle English somounce from Anglo-French somonse from Old French sumunse from past participle of somondre: see "summon"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/summons

summon

Origin: Middle English somonen from Old French somondre from Vulgar Latin *submonere, for Latin summonere, to remind privily from ... (18 of 27 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/summon

Merriam-Webster:

summons [entry 1, noun] | summonses [plural]

First use: 13th century

Origin: Middle English somouns, from Anglo-French somonse, from past participle of somondre

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/summons

summon | summoned [past tense] | summoning [present participle]

First use: 13th century

Origin: Middle English somnen, somonen, from Anglo-French somondre, from Vulgar Latin *summonere, alteration of Latin ... (16 of 27 etymology words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/summon

Online Etymology:

summon

First use: about 1200

Origin: Anglo-French, Old French sumundre "summon", from Vulgar Latin *summundre "to call, cite", from Latin summonere "hint to", from ... (20 of 76 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=summon

Encarta Dictionary:

summons | summonses [plural] | summonsed [past tense] | summonsing [present participle]

First use: 13th century

Origin: Old French somonse, past participle of somondre from Latin summonere

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861716883​/definition​.html  [offline]

summon | summoned [past tense] | summoning [present participle] | summons [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 13th century

Origin: French from Latin summonere "remind secretly" from sub- "under" + monere "warn"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861716882​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

summons | summonses [plural] | summon

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "summons"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/summons

summon

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "summon"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/summon

Macmillan American Dictionary:

summons [countable] | summonses [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "summons"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/summons

summon [transitive] | summoned [past tense] | summoning [present participle] | summons [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "summon"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/summon

Macmillan British Dictionary:

summons [countable] | summonses [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "summons"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/summons

summons [transitive, law, verb] | summonsed [past tense] | summonsing [present participle] | summonses [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "summons"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/summons 6

summon [transitive] | summoned [past tense] | summoning [present participle] | summons [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "summon"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/summon

Cambridge Dictionary:

summons

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "summons"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "summons"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/summons

summon [entry 1]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "summon"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "summon"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/summon 1

summon [entry 2]

Audio: British English pronunuciation of "summon"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/summon 2

the Free Dictionary:

summons

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "summons"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "summons"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "summons" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/summons

summon

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "summon"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "summon"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "summon" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/summon

Google Dictionary:

summons | summonses [plural] | summonsed [past tense] | summonsing [present participle]

Audio: English pronunciation of "summons"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=summons

summon | summoned [past tense] | summoning [present participle] | summons [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "summon"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=summon

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

summons

Audio: North American pronunciation of "summons"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=summon​05 word=summons

summon

Audio: North American pronunciation of "summon"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=summon​01 word=summon

YourDictionary Audio:

summons

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "summons" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/summons

summon

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "summon" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/summon

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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