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sulphonamide

Definition:

an antibacterial consisting of any of several synthetic organic compounds capable of inhibiting the growth of bacteria that require PABA

Class:

artifact noun (man-made objects)

Plural:

sulphonamides

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Synonyms:

sulfa [American spelling] | sulfa drug [American spelling] | sulfonamide [American spelling] | sulpha [British/Canadian spelling] | sulpha drug [British/Canadian spelling]

Etymology:

"sulphone" + "amide"
(Source: Oxford Dictionary)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

sulphonamide | sulfonamide [United States]

any of a class of organic compounds that are amides of sulphonic acids containing the group -SO2NH2 or a group derived from ... (22 of 229 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/sulphonamide

Wikipedia:

Sulfonamide [disambiguation] | sulphonamide

may refer to: Sulfonamide (chemistry) - the sulfonamide functional group in organic chemistry | Sulfonamide (medicine) - the group of sulfonamide antibacterial drugs. (22 of 64 words, 2 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Sulfonamide

Oxford Dictionary:

sulphonamide [medicine] | sulfonamide [United States]

any of a class of synthetic drugs, derived from sulphanilamide, which are able to prevent the multiplication of some pathogenic bacteria (21 of 48 words, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/sulphonamide

Wiktionary:

sulfonamide | sulfonamides [plural] | sulphonamides [pharmacology, plural] | sulphonamide [sense-specific]

[chemistry] Any amide of a sulfonic acid RS(=O)2NR'2. | [pharmacology] Any of a group of antibiotics; a sulfa drug. (18 of 19 words, 2 definitions)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/sulfonamide

Britannica Encyclopedia:

sulfa drug [medicine] | sulfonamide [synonym]

any member of a group of synthetic antibiotics containing the sulfanilamide molecular structure. Sulfa drugs were the first chemical substances ... (20 of 353 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/572427​/sulfa-drug

Columbia Encyclopedia:

sulfa drug

any of a class of synthetic chemical substances derived from sulfanilamide, or para-aminobenzenesulfonamide. Sulfa drugs are used to treat bacterial ... (20 of 280 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0847153​.html

American Heritage Dictionary:

sulfa drug | sulfonamide

Any of a group of synthetic organic compounds, derived chiefly from sulfanilamide, chemically similar to PABA and capable of inhibiting bacterial ... (21 of 41 words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/sulfa-drug

Random House Dictionary:

sulfa drug [pharmacology] | sulfa [synonym]

any of a group of drugs closely related in chemical structure to sulfanilamide, having a bacteriostatic rather than a bacteriocidal effect: used in ... (23 of 37 words)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/sulfa-drug

Merriam-Webster:

sulfa drug

any of various synthetic organic bacteria-inhibiting drugs that are sulfonamides derived especially from sulfanilamide (14 of 34 words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/sulfa drug

New World Dictionary:

sulfa

designating or of a family of drugs of the sulfanilamide type, used in combating certain bacterial infections (17 of 23 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/sulfa

Macmillan British Dictionary:

antibacterial

effective in killing bacteria (4 of 27 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/antibacterial

Cambridge Dictionary:

antibacterial

intended to kill or reduce the harmful effects of bacteria especially when used on the skin (16 of 24 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/antibacterial

Encarta Dictionary:

sulfa drug | sulfa drugs [plural]

a bacteriostatic drug synthesized from sulfonamide. Use: treatment of bacterial infections, but now rarely used because of its toxicity and the ... (21 of 45 words, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861716806​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Oxford Dictionary:

sulphonamide [medicine] | sulfonamide [United States]

First use: late 19th century

Origin: "sulphone" + "amide"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/sulphonamide

sulphone [chemistry] | sulfone [United States]

First use: late 19th century

Origin: German Sulfon, from Sulfur (see "sulphur")

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/sulphone

amide [chemistry]

First use: mid 19th century

Origin: "ammonia" + "-ide"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/amide

sulfonamide | sulphonamide [British]

First use: late 19th century

Origin: "sulfone" + "amide"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/sulfonamide

sulfone | sulphone [British]

First use: late 19th century

Origin: German Sulfon, from Sulfur (see "sulfur")

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/sulfone

Merriam-Webster:

sulfonamide

First use: 1881

Origin: sulfonic + amide

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/sulfonamide

amide

First use: 1838

Origin: International Scientific Vocabulary, from New Latin ammonia

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/amide

New World Dictionary:

sulfonamide

Origin: sulfonyl + "amide"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/sulfonamide

amide

Origin: ammonia + "-ide"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/amide

Encarta Dictionary:

sulfonamide | sulfones [plural]

First use: Late 19th century

Origin: German Sulfon from Sulfur "sulfur"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861716814​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

sulphonamide

Audio: British English pronunciation of "sulphonamide"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/sulphonamide

the Free Dictionary:

sulphonamide

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "sulphonamide"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "sulphonamide"

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/sulphonamide

sulfonamide

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "sulfonamide"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "sulfonamide"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "sulfonamide" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/sulfonamide

Google Dictionary:

sulfonamide | sulfonamides [plural] | sulphonamides [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "sulfonamide"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=sulfonamide

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

sulfonamide

Audio: North American pronunciation of "sulfonamide"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=sulfon​01 word=sulfonamide

sulfonamide

Audio: North American pronunciation of "sulfonamide"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=sulph​24​m word=sulfonamide

YourDictionary Audio:

sulfonamide

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "sulfonamide" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/sulfonamide

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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