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the state of having reflex spasms of the diaphragm accompanied by a rapid closure of the glottis producing an audible sound; sometimes a symptom of indigestion


state noun (stable states of affairs)





Original source:

Princeton WordNet


hiccough [usually plural] | hiccup [usually plural]


from Latin, literally: a sob
(Source: Collins Dictionary)  [more]

Definition references


Hiccup | HIK | synchronous diaphragmatic flutter | singultus

an involuntary contraction of the diaphragm that may repeat several times per minute. In medicine it's known as synchronous diaphragmatic flutter, or singultus, Latin for the act of catching one's breath while sobbing. The hiccup is an involuntary... (38 of 2384 words)


Collins Dictionary:

hiccup | hiccough | hiccupinɡ [of] | hiccuppinɡ [of] | singultus [technical, sense-specific]

a spasm of the diaphragm producing a sudden breathing in followed by a closing of the glottis, resulting in a sharp sound | the state or condition of ... (27 of 509 words, 5 definitions, 9 usage examples, pronunciations)


Random House Dictionary:

hiccup | hiccuped [past tense] | hiccupped [past tense] | hiccuping [present participle] | hiccupping [present participle] | singultus [medicine] | singultuses [medicine, plural] | singultation [medicine] | hiccups [sense-specific]

a quick, involuntary inhalation that follows a spasm of the diaphragm and ... | the condition of having such spasms. | [informal] a minor difficulty, ... (23 of 114 words, 6 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciations)



singultus [medicine]

The medical name for hiccups. (5 of 7 words)



hiccup [entry 1, noun] | hiccough | hiccups [plural] | discontinuity [synonym, sense-specific] | hiatus [synonym, sense-specific] | gap [synonym, sense-specific] | interim [synonym, sense-specific] | interlude [synonym, sense-specific] | intermission [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

a spasmodic inhalation with closure of the glottis accompanied by a peculiar sound | "hiccups": an attack of hiccuping but singular or plural in ... (23 of 166 words, 3 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)


hiccup [entry 2, verb] | hiccuped [past tense] | hiccupped [past tense] | hiccuping [present participle] | hiccupping [present participle] | hiccough

to make a hiccup ; also, to be affected with hiccups (11 of 33 words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/hiccup show=1

Columbia Encyclopedia:

hiccup | hiccough

involuntary spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm followed by a sharp intake of air, which is abruptly stopped by a sudden, involuntary closing of ... (23 of 151 words)


Britannica Encyclopedia:

hiccup [physiology] | Hiccough

spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm which causes a sudden intake of breath that is involuntarily cut off by closure of the glottis, thus producing ... (24 of 149 words)


Oxford Dictionary:

hiccup | hiccuped [past tense] | hiccuping [present participle] | hiccups [3rd-person singular present] | hiccough | hiccupy [derived]

an involuntary spasm of the diaphragm and respiratory organs, with a sudden closure of the glottis and a characteristic gulping sound | a temporary or ... (24 of 116 words, 3 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)


American Heritage Dictionary:

hiccup | hiccupped [past tense] | hiccoughed [past tense] | hiccupping [present participle] | hiccoughing [present participle] | hiccups [3rd-person singular present] | hiccoughs [3rd-person singular present] | hiccough [sense-specific]

A spasm of the diaphragm resulting in a rapid, involuntary inhalation that ... | "hiccups: also hiccoughs" : An attack of these spasms. Often used ... (24 of 95 words, 5 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)


New World Dictionary:

hiccup | hiccuped [past tense] | hiccupped [past tense] | hiccuping [present participle] | hiccupping [present participle] | hiccough [sense-specific]

a sudden, involuntary contraction of the diaphragm when it begins to allow ... | a condition characterized by repeated contractions of this kind | ... (22 of 94 words, 5 definitions, pronunciation)


Macmillan British Dictionary:

hiccup [countable] | hiccups [plural] | hiccoughs [plural] | get/have the hiccups | hiccough

a short repeated sound that you make in your throat without intending to, usually because you have been eating or drinking too quickly | [informal] a ... (25 of 83 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)


hiccup [intransitive, verb] | hiccupped [past tense] | hiccupping [present participle] | hiccups [3rd-person singular present]

to make a hiccup sound (5 of 34 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/hiccup 7

Cambridge Dictionary:

hiccup [entry 1] | the hiccups | hiccups | hiccough

a loud noise made in the throat caused by a sudden uncontrollable ... | "the hiccups": a series of hiccups (19 of 51 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/hiccup 1

hiccup [entry 2] | hiccough

a problem which delays or interrupts something for a while, but which does not usually cause serious difficulties (18 of 41 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/hiccup 2

hiccup [entry 3] | -p- [past tense] | -pp- [past tense] | hiccough

to make a loud noise in the throat because of a sudden uncontrollable tightening of a muscle just below the chest (21 of 41 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/hiccup 3

Encarta Dictionary:

hiccup | hiccups [plural] | hiccoughs [plural] | hiccuped [past tense] | hiccupped [past tense] | hiccoughed [past tense] | hiccuping [present participle] | hiccupping [present participle] | hiccoughing [present participle]

an abrupt involuntary contraction of the diaphragm that causes an intake of breath and closes the vocal cords, resulting in a convulsive gasp | the ... (24 of 190 words, 7 definitions, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861617799​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology reference

Collins Dictionary:


First use: 18th century

Origin: from Latin, literally: a sob


Audio references

Collins Dictionary:


Audio: British English pronunciation of "singultus"


the Free Dictionary:


Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "singultus"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "singultus"


Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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