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scrape (make)

Definition:

to make by scraping

Class:

creation verb (sewing, baking, painting, performing, etc.)

Related to:

scraper

Past tense:

scraped

Present participle:

scraping

3rd-person singular present:

scrapes

Type of:

make

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Usage example:

They scraped a letter into the stone

Etymology:

probably from Old Norse skrapa "to scrape, erase", from Proto-Germanic...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

All senses of scrape...

Definition references

Oxford Dictionary:

scrape | the bottom of the barrel | scrape something back | scrape something together/up | scrape by/along | scrape acquaintance with | scrape the barrel | economize [synonym, sense-specific]

drag or pull a hard or sharp implement across (a surface or object) so as to remove dirt or other matter | [with object and adverbial] : use a sharp ... (29 of 673 words, 26 definitions, 28 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/scrape

Collins Dictionary:

scrape | bow and scrape [sense-specific] | tr [synonym, sense-specific] | scrapable [adjective, derived]

to move (a rough or sharp object) across (a surface), especially to smooth or clean | tr; often followed by away or off to remove (a layer) by rubbing ... (28 of 595 words, 14 definitions, 10 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/scrape

Wikipedia:

Scrape [disambiguation] | scraper | scraping

may refer to: Abrasion (medical), a type of injury | Scraper (biology), grazer-scraper, a water animal that feeds on stones and other substrates by grazing algae, microorganism and other matter | Scrape, a type of bird nest | Cloud scraper, birds of... (39 of 378 words, 26 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Scrape

Random House Dictionary:

scrape | scraped [past tense] | scraping [present participle] | a scraped place [sense-specific]

to deprive of or free from an outer layer, adhering matter, etc., or to ... | to remove (an outer layer, adhering matter, etc.) in this way. | to ... (27 of 321 words, 20 definitions, 11 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/scrape

Merriam-Webster:

scrape [entry 1, verb] | scraped [past tense] | scraping [present participle] | grate [synonym, sense-specific] | grind [synonym, sense-specific] | rasp [synonym, sense-specific] | scratch [synonym, sense-specific] | rub [similar, sense-specific] | groan [similar, sense-specific] | ...

to remove from a surface by usually repeated strokes of an edged instrument ... | to grate harshly over or against ; to damage or injure the surface ... (27 of 296 words, 7 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/scrape

scrape [entry 2, noun] | abrasion [synonym, sense-specific] | altercation [synonym, sense-specific] | fight [synonym, sense-specific] | brush [synonym, sense-specific] | hassle [synonym, sense-specific] | run-in [synonym, sense-specific] | encounter [synonym, sense-specific] | skirmish [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

the act or process of scraping ; a sound made by scraping ; a mark or injury caused by scraping; "abrasion" | the nest of a bird consisting of a ... (29 of 190 words, 4 definitions, 2 usage examples)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/scrape show=1

Macmillan British Dictionary:

scrape | scraped [past tense] | scraping [present participle] | scrapes [3rd-person singular present] | scrape the bottom of the barrel | scrape home

[transitive] to rub a sharp edge or tool against a surface ; to remove ... | [intransitive/transitive] if a sharp edge or point scrapes a surface, or ... (26 of 294 words, 6 definitions, 14 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/scrape

scrape [noun] | scrapes [plural]

[countable] a slight injury or mark caused by rubbing against a rough surface | [countable, informal] a difficult situation that someone causes by ... (22 of 70 words, 3 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/scrape 24

Wiktionary:

scrape | scrapes [plural] | scraped [past tense] | scraping [present participle] | grate [synonym, sense-specific] | scratch [synonym, sense-specific] | abrade [synonym, sense-specific] | chafe [synonym, sense-specific] | graze [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

To draw an object, especially a sharp or angular one, along (something) while exerting pressure. | To injure or damage by rubbing across a surface. | To barely manage to achieve. | [computing] To extract data embedded in a screenshot or formatted... (39 of 265 words, 9 definitions, 17 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/scrape

New World Dictionary:

scrape | scraped [past tense] | scraping [present participle] | scraper [noun, related]

to rub over the surface of with something rough or sharp | to make smooth or clean by rubbing with a tool or abrasive | to remove by rubbing with ... (28 of 201 words, 18 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/scrape

American Heritage Dictionary:

scrape | scraped [past tense] | scraping [present participle] | scrapes [3rd-person singular present]

To remove (an outer layer, for example) from a surface by forceful strokes of an edged or rough instrument | To abrade or smooth by rubbing with a ... (27 of 191 words, 16 definitions, 5 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/scrape

Cambridge Dictionary:

scrape [entry 1]

to remove an unwanted covering or a top layer from something, especially using a sharp edge or something rough (19 of 65 words, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/scrape 1

scrape [entry 2]

to (cause to) rub against a surface so that slight damage or an unpleasant noise is produced (17 of 53 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/scrape 2

scrape [entry 3]

to succeed in getting or achieving something, but only just or with great difficulty (14 of 33 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/scrape 3

scrape [entry 4, informal]

a difficult or slightly dangerous situation which you cause by your own silly behaviour (14 of 51 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/scrape 4

scrape [entry 5]

a slight injury or an unpleasant noise produced by rubbing against a surface (13 of 44 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/scrape 5

Britannica Encyclopedia:

scraper [construction]

in engineering, machine for moving earth over short distances over relatively smooth areas. Either self-propelled or towed, it consists of a wagon ... (22 of 81 words, 1 image)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/529801​/scraper

scraper [musical instrument]

in music, percussion instrument consisting of a serrated surface that is rasped with a stick. Known since the Stone Age, it's often associated with ... (24 of 227 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/529803​/scraper

Encarta Dictionary:

scrape | scrapes [plural] | scraped [past tense] | scraping [present participle]

to move something hard, sharp, or rough across a surface, especially in order to clean it | to remove something by drawing or rubbing a hard or sharp ... (27 of 266 words, 11 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861709139​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

scrape

First use: about 1300

Origin: probably from Old Norse skrapa "to scrape, erase", from Proto-Germanic *skrapojan (compare Old English scrapian "to scrape", ... (19 of 70 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=scrape

Wiktionary:

scrape | scrapes [plural] | scraped [past tense] | scraping [present participle]

Origin: Middle English scrapen, from Old Norse skrapa ("to scrape, scratch") and Old English scrapian ("to scrape, scratch"), both from Proto-Germanic *skrapōnan, *skrepanan ("to scrape, scratch"), from Proto-Indo-European ... (27 of 61 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/scrape

New World Dictionary:

scrape | scraped [past tense] | scraping [present participle]

Origin: Middle English scrapen from Old Norse skrapa, akin to Dutch schrapen, Old English screpan, to scratch from Indo-European ... (18 of 25 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/scrape

Oxford Dictionary:

scrape | the bottom of the barrel | scrape something back | scrape something together/up | scrape by/along

Origin: Old English scrapian "scratch with the fingernails", of Germanic origin, reinforced in Middle English by Old Norse skrapa or Middle ... (20 of 24 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/scrape

Collins Dictionary:

scrape

Origin: Old English scrapian; related to Old Norse skrapa, Middle Dutch schrapen, Middle High German schraffen

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/scraped

American Heritage Dictionary:

scrape | scraped [past tense] | scraping [present participle] | scrapes [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English scrapen, from Old Norse skrapa; see sker- [entry 1] in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/scrape

Merriam-Webster:

scrape [entry 1, verb] | scraped [past tense] | scraping [present participle]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English, from Old Norse skrapa; akin to Old English scrapian to scrape, Latin scrobis ditch, Russian skresti to scrape

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/scrape

Encarta Dictionary:

scrape | scrapes [plural] | scraped [past tense] | scraping [present participle]

Origin: Old English scrapian "to scratch" from Germanic

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861709139​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

scrape | scrapes [plural] | scraped [past tense] | scraping [present participle]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "scrape"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/scrape

Collins Dictionary:

scrape

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "scrape"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/scrape

Macmillan British Dictionary:

scrape | scraped [past tense] | scraping [present participle] | scrapes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "scrape"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/scrape

scrape [noun] | scrapes [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "scrape"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/scrape 24

Macmillan American Dictionary:

scrape [verb] | scraped [past tense] | scraping [present participle] | scrapes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "scrape"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/scrape

scrape [noun] | scrapes [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "scrape"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/scrape 20

Cambridge Dictionary:

scrape [entry 1]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "scrape"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "scrape"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/scrape 1

the Free Dictionary:

scrape

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "scrape"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "scrape"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "scrape" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/scrape

Google Dictionary:

scrape | scrapes [plural] | scraped [past tense] | scraping [present participle]

Audio: English pronunciation of "scrape"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=scrape

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

scrape

Audio: North American pronunciation of "scrape"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=scrape​01 word=scrape

YourDictionary Audio:

scrape

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "scrape" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/scrape

freedictionary.org:

scrape

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "scrape" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=scrape

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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