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scale (natural covering)

Definition:

a flattened rigid plate forming part of the body covering of many animals

Class:

animal noun (animals and microorganisms)

Related to:

scaley | scaly

Plural:

scales

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Examples:

fish scale | squama

Etymology:

Middle English from Late Latin scala (in Vulgate, Jacob's ladder) ... | Middle...
(Source: New World Dictionary)  [more]

All senses of scale...

Definition references  (+images)

Britannica Encyclopedia:

scale [zoology]

in zoology, small plate or shield forming part of the outer skin layers of certain animals. Scales provide protection from the environment and from ... (24 of 231 words, 3 images)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/526344​/scale

scale [music]

in music, any graduated sequence of notes, tones, or intervals dividing what is called an octave. The specific selection of different tones in any ... (24 of 207 words, 2 images)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/526314​/scale

Wiktionary:

scale | scales [plural] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle] | tonic [subtype, sense-specific] | supertonic [subtype, sense-specific] | mediant [subtype, sense-specific] | subdominant [subtype, sense-specific] | dominant [subtype, sense-specific] | ...

An ordered numerical sequence used for measurement. | Size; scope. | The ratio of depicted distance to actual distance. | A line or bar associated with a drawing, used to indicate measurement when the image has been magnified or reduced | A means of ... (40 of 396 words, 26 definitions, 19 usage examples, pronunciation, 1 image)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/scale

Collins Dictionary:

scale | scale insect [sense-specific] | tip the scales [sense-specific] | limescale [sense-specific] | tr [synonym, sense-specific] | scalelike [adjective, derived]

any of the numerous plates, made of various substances resembling enamel or dentine, covering the bodies of fishes | any of the horny or chitinous ... (24 of 958 words, 38 definitions, 14 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/scale

Random House Dictionary:

scale | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle] | scales [sense-specific] | Scales [sense-specific] | tip the scale or scales [sense-specific] | turn the scale or scales [sense-specific] | bud scale [synonym, sense-specific] | mill scale [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

[zoology] ; one of the thin, flat, horny plates forming the covering of ... | any thin, platelike piece, lamina, or flake that peels off from a ... (26 of 823 words, 46 definitions, 17 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/scale

American Heritage Dictionary:

scale | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle] | scales [3rd-person singular present] | scalelike [adjective, related] | scalable [adjective, related]

One of the many small platelike dermal or epidermal structures that ... | A similar part, such as one of the minute structures overlapping to form the ... (26 of 607 words, 40 definitions, 13 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/scale

Columbia Encyclopedia:

scale | chromatic scale

in music, any series of tones arranged in a step-by-step rising or falling order of pitch. A scale defines the interval relationship of each tone to ... (26 of 570 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/ent​/A​0843856​.html

scale | scales, zoology

in zoology, an outgrowth, either bony or horny, of the skin of an animal. The major component of the scales of fishes is bone, and they are formed ... (28 of 267 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0843858​.html

scale | weights and measures | weighing machine | scales, weights and measures

in weights and measures, instruments for determining weight, generally for other than laboratory use. For the principles of operation of all weighing ... (22 of 267 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0843857​.html

scale

in cartography, the ratio of the distance between two points on a map to the real distance between the two corresponding points portrayed. The scale ... (25 of 186 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/world​/A​0843855​.html

New World Dictionary:

scale | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle] | scaler [noun, related] | scaleless [adjective, related]

[obsolete] ; a ladder or flight of stairs ; any means of ascent | a series of marks along a line, at regular or graduated intervals, used in measuring ... (28 of 555 words, 31 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/scale

Oxford Dictionary:

scale [entry 1] | scaling | the scales fall from someone's eyes | scaled [derived] | scaleless [derived] | scaler [derived]

each of the small, thin horny or bony plates protecting the skin of fish and reptiles, typically overlapping one another. | something resembling a ... (23 of 276 words, 14 definitions, 8 usage examples, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/scale

scale [entry 2] | scale pan | into | turn | scales | the Scales | throw something on the scale | tip the scales

(usually "scales") : an instrument for weighing, originally a simple ... | ("the Scales") : the zodiacal sign or constellation Libra. | [South ... (21 of 177 words, 6 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/scale--2

scale [entry 3] | scale of notation | sing | practise | up | play scales | to scale | in scale | scale something back/down

a graduated range of values forming a standard system for measuring or grading something | the full range of different levels of people or things, ... (24 of 467 words, 18 definitions, 17 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/scale--3

Wikipedia:

Scale [disambiguation] | scales

may refer to: Scale (anatomy), a rigid plate which grows out of the skin of various animals Fish scale | Reptile scale | Scale (Lepidopteran anatomy), on the wings of butterflies and moths | Scale (map), the ratio of a distance on a map to the ... (43 of 454 words, 30 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Scale

Macmillan British Dictionary:

scale | scales [plural] | a scale model/drawing etc | the scales fell from my eyes | to scale

[singular, uncountable] the size of something, especially when it's big ; the rate at which something is produced, developed etc | [countable, usually ... (22 of 440 words, 10 definitions, 16 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/scale

scale [transitive, verb] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle] | scales [3rd-person singular present] | scale new/dizzy/great heights

to climb to or over the top of a high steep object such as a mountain or a wall | to remove scales from fish ; to remove scale from teeth | "scale ... (31 of 97 words, 3 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/scale 32

Merriam-Webster:

scale [entry 1, noun] | scales [plural]

either pan or tray of a balance ; "scales": a beam that is supported freely in the center and has two pans of equal weight suspended from its ends | ... (29 of 76 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/scale

scale [entry 2, verb] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle]

to weigh in scales | to have a specified weight on scales (11 of 26 words, 2 definitions)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/scale show=1

scale [entry 3, noun] | scaled [adjective, related] | scaleless [adjective, related]

a small, flattened, rigid, and definitely circumscribed plate forming part ... | a small thin dry lamina shed (as in many skin diseases) from the skin ... (25 of 221 words, 6 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/scale show=2

scale [entry 4, verb] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle] | skim [synonym, sense-specific] | flake [synonym, sense-specific]

to remove the scale or scales from (as by scraping) | to take off in thin layers or scales | to throw (as a thin flat stone) so that the edge cuts the ... (31 of 85 words, 5 definitions, 3 usage examples)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/scale show=3

scale [entry 5, verb] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle] | surmount [synonym, sense-specific] | measure [synonym, sense-specific] | adjust [synonym, sense-specific]

to attack with or take by means of scaling ladders ; to climb up or reach by means of a ladder ; to reach the highest point of; "surmount" | to ... (30 of 147 words, 5 definitions, 4 usage examples)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/scale show=4

scale [entry 6, noun, adjective] | to scale | ladder [synonym, sense-specific] | ruler [synonym, sense-specific]

[obsolete] "ladder" ; [archaic] a means of ascent | a graduated series of musical tones ascending or descending in order of pitch according to a ... (24 of 220 words, 7 definitions, 3 usage examples)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/scale show=5

scale [entry 7, noun] | escalade [synonym, sense-specific]

[obsolete] "escalade" | an estimate of the amount of sound lumber in logs or standing timber (15 of 30 words, 2 definitions)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/scale show=6

Cambridge Dictionary:

scale [entry 1]

a set of numbers, amounts etc., used to measure or compare the level of something | the relation between the real size of something and its size on a ... (28 of 98 words, 2 definitions, 6 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/scale 1

scale [entry 2, singular or U]

the size or level of something, especially when this is large (11 of 56 words, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/scale 2

scale [entry 3] | scales | a pair of scales | pair of scales

"scales": [British] ([United States] "scale") a device for weighing things or people | "a pair of scales": [British] a weighing device with two ... (22 of 68 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/scale 3

scale [entry 4]

a set of notes played or sung in order, going up or down (13 of 31 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/scale 4

scale [entry 5]

one of the many very small flat pieces which cover the skin of fish, snakes, etc. (16 of 26 words, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/scale 5

scale [entry 6] | limescale

([British] "limescale") a hard white or grey layer of material which forms on the inside of pipes or containers that heat water (22 of 31 words, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/scale 6

scale [entry 7]

to climb up a steep surface, such as a wall or the side of a mountain, often using special equipment (20 of 37 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/scale 7

scale [entry 8, specialized]

to remove tartar (hard white substance) and plaque (soft substance in which bacteria breed) from teeth (16 of 36 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/scale 8

Encarta Dictionary:

scale [entry 1] | scales [plural] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle]

a device on which something or somebody can be weighed (sometimes used in the plural) | either of the dishes or pans of a balance | to have a ... (27 of 106 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861702090​/definition​.html  [offline]

scale [entry 2] | scales [plural] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle]

a system of measurement based on a series of marks laid down at regular intervals and representing numerical values | a ratio representing the size of ... (25 of 257 words, 10 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861702091​/definition​.html  [offline]

scale [entry 3] | scales [plural] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle]

any of the small flat bony or horny overlapping plates that cover the bodies of fish and some reptiles and mammals | a small structure that overlaps ... (26 of 284 words, 14 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861702093​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

New World Dictionary:

scale | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle]

Origin: Middle English from Late Latin scala (in Vulgate, Jacob's ladder) ... | Middle English, aphetic from Old French escale, husk, shell ( from ... (22 of 85 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/scale

Wiktionary:

scale | scales [plural] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle]

Origin: Latin scāla, usually in plural scālae ("a flight of steps, stairs, staircase, ladder"), for *scadla, from scandere ("to climb"); see scan, ascend, descend, etc. | Middle English scale, from Old English... (30 of 79 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/scale

Collins Dictionary:

scale

First use: 14th century | 13th century | 15th century

Origin: from Old French escale, of Germanic origin; compare Old English scealushell | from Old Norse skāl bowl, related to Old High ... (26 of 46 etymology words)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/scale

American Heritage Dictionary:

scale | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle] | scales [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English, from Old French escale, of Germanic origin; see skel- [entry 1] in Indo-European roots. | Middle English, from ... (19 of 42 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/scale

Merriam-Webster:

scale [entry 1, noun]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English scole, scale bowl, scale of a balance, from Old Norse skāl; akin to Old Norse skel shell

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/scale

scale [entry 3, noun]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English, from Anglo-French escale, eschale, of Germanic origin; akin to Old English scealu shell, husk

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/scale show=2

scale [entry 5, verb] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English, from scale

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/scale show=4

scale [entry 6, noun, adjective]

First use: 15th century

Origin: Middle English, from Late Latin scala ladder, staircase, from Latin scalae, plural, stairs, rungs, ladder; akin to Latin scandere to climb

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/scale show=5

scale [entry 7, noun]

First use: about 1587

Origin: scale

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/scale show=6

Oxford Dictionary:

scale [entry 1] | scaling

Origin: Middle English: shortening of Old French escale, from the Germanic base of "scale2" | sense-specific: with biblical reference to Acts 9:18

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/scale

scale [entry 2] | scale pan | into | turn | scales | the Scales

Origin: Middle English (in the sense "drinking cup", surviving in South African English): from Old Norse skál "bowl", of Germanic origin; related to ... (22 of 33 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/scale--2

scale [entry 3] | scale of notation | sing | practise | up

Origin: late Middle English: from Latin scala "ladder" (the verb via Old French escaler or medieval Latin scalare "climb"), from the base ... (21 of 26 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/scale--3

Encarta Dictionary:

scale [entry 1] | scales [plural] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle]

First use: 12th century

Origin: Old Norse skál "bowl, scales" from Germanic, "shell"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861702090​/definition​.html  [offline]

scale [entry 2] | scales [plural] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Latin scala "staircase, ladder"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861702091​/definition​.html  [offline]

scale [entry 3] | scales [plural] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle]

First use: 13th century

Origin: Old French escale from Germanic, "husk"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861702093​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

scale | scales [plural] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "scale"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/scale

Collins Dictionary:

scale

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "scale"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/scale

Macmillan American Dictionary:

scale [noun] | scales [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "scale"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/scale

scale [transitive, verb] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle] | scales [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "scale"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/scale 35

Macmillan British Dictionary:

scale | scales [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "scale"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/scale

scale [transitive, verb] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle] | scales [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "scale"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/scale 32

Cambridge Dictionary:

scale [entry 1]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "scale"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "scale"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/scale 1

the Free Dictionary:

scale

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "scale"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "scale"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "scale" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/scale

Google Dictionary:

scale | scales [plural] | scaled [past tense] | scaling [present participle]

Audio: English pronunciation of "scale"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=scale

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

scale

Audio: North American pronunciation of "scale"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=scale​001 word=scale

YourDictionary Audio:

scale

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "scale" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/scale

freedictionary.org:

Scale

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "Scale" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=scale

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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