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saxitoxin

Definition:

a powerful neurotoxin produced by certain dinoflagellates found in red tides; it can accumulate in mollusks that feed on the dinoflagellates and cause food poisoning to humans

Class:

substance noun (substance and materials)

Plural:

saxitoxins

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

saxi- (from New Latin Saxidomus giganteus, species of butter clam from which...
(Source: Merriam-Webster)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Saxitoxin | STX | C10H17N7O4 [chemical formula]

the best-known paralytic shellfish toxin, although other related compounds have been reported, such as neosaxitoxin, the 11-alpha and 11-beta-O-sulphates of saxitoxin and neosaxitoxin, and carbonyl-N-sulphate derivatives of saxitoxin and neosaxitoxin... (30 of 2989 words, 5 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Saxitoxin

Collins Dictionary:

saxitoxin [biochemistry]

a poisonous alkaloid (C10H17O4N7.2HCl) produced by dinoflagellates of the genus Gonyaulax that build up in molluscs and cause food poisoning in humans (22 of 192 words, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/saxitoxin

Merriam-Webster:

saxitoxin | C10H17N7O4ยท2HCl [chemical formula] | Gonyaulax [genus]

a potent nonprotein neurotoxin .. that originates especially in dinoflagellates (genus Gonyaulax) found in red tides and that sometimes occurs in and ... (22 of 58 words, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/saxitoxin

American Heritage Dictionary:

saxitoxin

A potent neurotoxin produced by certain dinoflagellates that accumulates in shellfish feeding on these organisms and consequently causes food ... (19 of 44 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/saxitoxin

New World Dictionary:

saxitoxin

a powerful toxin that causes partial paralysis, sometimes found in shellfish that have fed on certain dinoflagellates (especially genus Gonyaulax) (20 of 23 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/saxitoxin

Random House Dictionary:

saxitoxin | C10H17N7O4 [chemical formula]

a powerful neurotoxin produced by the dinoflagellate "Gonyaulax catenella", the causative agent of red tide. (15 of 21 words, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/saxitoxin

Wiktionary:

saxitoxin

A neurotoxin, produced by some dinoflagellates, that can accumulate in mollusks and cause subsequent food poisoning in humans (18 of 19 words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/saxitoxin

Oxford Dictionary:

neurotoxin | neurotoxic [derived] | neurotoxicity [derived] | neurotoxicology [derived]

a poison which acts on the nervous system (8 of 35 words, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/neurotoxin

Encarta Dictionary:

saxitoxin

a strong neurotoxin found in plankton dinoflagellates and concentrating in shellfish, causing food poisoning in humans. It's found in red tides. (21 of 43 words, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861701678​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Merriam-Webster:

saxitoxin

First use: 1962

Origin: saxi- (from New Latin Saxidomus giganteus, species of butter clam from which it's isolated) + toxin

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/saxitoxin

American Heritage Dictionary:

saxitoxin

Origin: New Latin Saxidomus gigantēus, clam species (from Latin saxum, stone; see "saxifrage") + "toxin".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/saxitoxin

Encarta Dictionary:

saxitoxin

First use: Mid-20th century

Origin: modern Latin Saxodomus, genus of clams

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861701678​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

the Free Dictionary:

saxitoxin

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "saxitoxin"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "saxitoxin"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "saxitoxin" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/saxitoxin

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

saxitoxin

Audio: North American pronunciation of "saxitoxin"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=saxito​01 word=saxitoxin

YourDictionary Audio:

saxitoxin

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "saxitoxin" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/saxitoxin

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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