Memidex: Free online dictionary/thesaurus and more....
| Free Tools | Preferences | About | Contact | Index

runner (plant organ)

Definition:

a horizontal branch from the base of plant that produces new plants from buds at its tips

Class:

plant noun (plants and fungi)

Plurals:

runner* | runners
(* runner may be used in a singular or plural context)

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Synonyms:

offset | stolon

Etymology:

"run" (verb). Meaning "smuggler" first recorded 1721; sense of "embroidered ...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

All senses of runner...

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Stolon | stolons

horizontal connections between organisms. They may be part of the organism, or of its skeleton; typically, animal stolons are external skeletons. In botany, stolons are stems which grow at the soil surface or just below ground that form adventitious... (39 of 1425 words, 5 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Stolon

Merriam-Webster:

stolon | runner [sense-specific]

a horizontal branch from the base of a plant that produces new plants from ... | an extension of the body wall (as of a hydrozoan or bryozoan) that ... (28 of 110 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation, 1 image)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/stolon

Britannica Encyclopedia:

stolon [biology]

in biology, a special slender horizontal branch serving to propagate the organism. In botany a stolon--also called a runner--is a slender stem that ... (25 of 73 words, 1 image)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/567046​/stolon

Collins Dictionary:

stolon

a long horizontal stem, as of the currants, that grows along the surface of ... | a branching structure in lower animals, especially the anchoring ... (24 of 240 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/stolon

Oxford Dictionary:

stolon | stolonate [derived] | stoloniferous [derived]

[botany] : a creeping horizontal plant stem or runner that takes root at points along its length to form new plants. | an arching stem of a plant that ... (28 of 92 words, 3 definitions, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/stolon

New World Dictionary:

stolon

[botany] a creeping stem that lies on or above the soil surface and bears foliage leaves, as in the strawberry or creeping bent grass | [zoology] a ... (26 of 60 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/stolon

American Heritage Dictionary:

stolon | stolonate [adjective, related]

[botany] A shoot that bends to the ground or that grows horizontally above the ground and produces roots and shoots at the nodes. | [zoology] A ... (25 of 56 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/stolon

Columbia Encyclopedia:

runner | stolon

slender, creeping stem capable of taking root where its nodes touch the ground and thereby producing new shoots. The runner itself usually dies at the ... (25 of 56 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0842678​.html

Random House Dictionary:

stolon

[botany] a prostrate stem, at or just below the surface of the ground, that produces new plants from buds at its tips or nodes. | [zoology] a rootlike ... (27 of 52 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/stolon

Wiktionary:

stolon | stolons [plural]

[botany] A shoot that grows along the ground and produces roots at its nodes; a runner. | [zoology] A structure formed by some colonial organisms from which offspring are produced by budding; see also Stolonifera. (34 of 35 words, 2 definitions)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/stolon

Macmillan British Dictionary:

runner [countable] | runners [plural] | do a runner | a good runner

someone who runs for pleasure or as a sport ; a person or animal that runs ... | a narrow piece of metal, wood, or plastic on which something such as ... (30 of 196 words, 7 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/runner

Cambridge Dictionary:

runner [entry 1] | runners

someone who runs, especially in competitions (6 of 40 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/runner 1

runner [entry 2]

one of two usually metal blades under a sledge which allow it to move along easily (16 of 24 words, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/runner 2

runner [entry 3]

a long stem of a plant that grows along the ground in order to put down roots in a new place (21 of 29 words, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/runner 3

runner [entry 4]

someone who takes illegal drugs or weapons from one place to another (12 of 21 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/runner 4

Encarta Dictionary:

stolon | stolons [plural]

a long stem or shoot that arises from the central rosette of a plant and droops to the ground. It may form new plants where it touches the soil. | a ... (30 of 94 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861715233​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

runner

First use: about 1300

Origin: "run" (verb). Meaning "smuggler" first recorded 1721; sense of "embroidered cloth for a table" is from 1889.

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=runner

Wiktionary:

runner | runners [plural]

Origin: to run + -er.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/runner

run | runs [plural] | ran [past tense] | running [present participle]

Origin: Middle English ronnen ("to run"), alteration (due to the past participle yronne) of Middle English rinnen ("to run"), from Old English rinnan, iernan ("to run") and Old Norse rinna ("to run"), both from ... (33 of 93 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/run

-er

Origin: Middle English -er, -ere, from Old English -ere (agent suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-ārijaz... | Middle English -er, -ere, from Old English -ware (suffix denoting residency or meaning "inhabitant... (27 of 191 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/-er

New World Dictionary:

runner

Origin: Middle English renner

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/runner

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

runner

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "runner"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/runner

Macmillan British Dictionary:

runner [countable] | runners [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "runner"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/runner

Macmillan American Dictionary:

runner [countable] | runners [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "runner"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/runner

Cambridge Dictionary:

runner [entry 1]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "runner"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "runner"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/runner 1

the Free Dictionary:

runner

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "runner"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "runner"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "runner" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/runner

Google Dictionary:

runner | runners [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "runner"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=runner

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

runner

Audio: North American pronunciation of "runner"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=runner​01 word=runner

YourDictionary Audio:

runner

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "runner" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/runner

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

Copyright © 2008-2013 Memidex