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ruff (collar)

Definition:

a high tight collar

Class:

artifact noun (man-made objects)

Plural:

ruffs

Type of:

collar » band » strip » artifact

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Example:

fraise

Synonyms:

choker | neck ruff | ruffle

Etymology:

"kind of large collar, stiffly starched, especially common in the seventeenth ...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

All senses of ruff...

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Choker

a close-fitting necklace, worn high on the neck. This type of jewellery can consist of one or more bands circling the neck. Chokers can be made of a variety of materials, including velvet, plastic, beads, metal, and leather. They are often adorned in a... (44 of 229 words, 1 image)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Choker

Choker (disambiguation)

a close-fitting necklace, worn high on the neck. Choker may also refer to: Choker (film), a 2005 American film written and directed by Nick Vallelonga | Choker (Dungeons & Dragons), an aberration in the fantasy role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons | ... (39 of 112 words, 5 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Choker (disambiguation)

Britannica Encyclopedia:

choker [jewelry]

in jewelry, necklace that fits closely around the neck like a snug, high collar. The choker became popular in the late 19th century, and its ... (25 of 99 words, 1 image)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/114024​/choker

New World Dictionary:

choker

a person or thing that chokes | a necklace that fits closely around the neck | a narrow fur piece worn around the neck | [archaic] a wide neckcloth or ... (27 of 35 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation, 1 image)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/choker

Collins Dictionary:

choker | stock [synonym, sense-specific]

a woman's high collar, popular especially in the late 19th century | any neckband or necklace worn tightly around the throat | a high clerical collar; ... (24 of 457 words, 5 definitions, 9 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/choker

Oxford Dictionary:

choker

a necklace or band of fabric that fits closely around the neck | [outdated] : a clerical or other high collar. | [North American] : a cable looped ... (26 of 102 words, 5 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/choker

Merriam-Webster:

choker | necklace [synonym, sense-specific] | collar [synonym, sense-specific] | dog collar [synonym, sense-specific] | lei [synonym, sense-specific] | torque [similar, sense-specific] | beads [similar, sense-specific] | carcanet [archaic, similar, sense-specific] | rivière [similar, sense-specific] | ...

one that chokes | something (as a collar or necklace) worn closely about the throat or neck (16 of 93 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/choker

Wiktionary:

choker | chokers [plural] | strangler [synonym, sense-specific] | bummer [synonym, sense-specific] | downer [synonym, sense-specific] | pisser [synonym, sense-specific]

A piece of jewelry or ornamental fabric, worn as a necklace, tight to the throat. | One who, or that which, chokes or strangles. | One who operates the choke of an engine during ignition. | [slang] Any disappointing or upsetting circumstance. (39 of 54 words, 4 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/choker

Macmillan British Dictionary:

choker [countable] | chokers [plural]

a piece of jewellery or cloth that fits tightly around the neck and is worn by some women as a decoration (21 of 46 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/choker

Random House Dictionary:

choker

a person or thing that chokes. | a necklace that fits snugly around the neck. | a neckcloth or high collar. | a chain or cable used to haul logs from ... (28 of 39 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/choker

American Heritage Dictionary:

choker

One that chokes or suffocates another. | Something that fits closely around the neck or throat, as: A tight-fitting necklace. | A high, tight collar. ... (23 of 31 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/choker

Cambridge Dictionary:

choker

a narrow strip of cloth or a necklace that fits very closely around a woman's neck (16 of 24 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/choker

Encarta Dictionary:

choker | chokers [plural]

a short length of cloth or ribbon, or a short necklace, that fastens closely around the neck and is worn as an ornament | a high close-fitting collar, ... (27 of 47 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861596962​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

ruff

First use: 1520s

Origin: "kind of large collar, stiffly starched, especially common in the seventeenth century", originally in reference to sleeves (of collars, from 1550s), ... (22 of 71 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=ruff

ruffle

First use: about 1300

Origin: "to disturb the smoothness of", perhaps from Old Norse hrufla "to scratch", or Low German ruffelen "to wrinkle, curl", both of unknown ... (24 of 50 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=ruffle

American Heritage Dictionary:

ruff | ruffed [past tense] | ruffing [present participle] | ruffs [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Perhaps short for "ruffle" [entry 1]. | Obsolete French ronfle, roffle, a kind of card game, from Old French ronfle, from ... (20 of 50 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ruff

ruffle | ruffled [past tense] | ruffling [present participle] | ruffles [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: From Middle English ruffelen, to roughen. | Probably from frequentative of "ruff" [entry 4]. | Middle English ruffelen, to quarrel.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ruffle

Collins Dictionary:

ruff | ruffe

First use: 16th century | 15th century

Origin: back formation from ruffle1 | from Old French roffle; perhaps changed from Italian trionfatrump1 | perhaps an ... (19 of 26 etymology words)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/ruff

ruffle

First use: 13th century | 18th century | 15th century

Origin: of Germanic origin; compare Middle Low German ruffelen to crumple, Old Norse hrufla to scratch | from earlier ruff, of imitative ... (26 of 30 etymology words)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/ruffle

New World Dictionary:

ruff

Origin: contraction of "ruffle" | Old French roffle, earlier ronfle, altered from perhaps triomphe: see "trump" | the verb | Middle ... (17 of 23 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ruff

ruffle | ruffled [past tense] | ruffling [present participle]

Origin: Middle English ruffelen from Old Norse or Middle Low German, as in Low German, Old Norse hrufla, to scratch | also earlier ruff, probably echoic

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ruffle

Wiktionary:

ruff | ruffs [plural] | ruffed [past tense] | ruffing [present participle]

Origin: A shortening of ruffle | Onomatopoeic.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/ruff

Oxford Dictionary:

ruff [entry 1]

First use: early 16th century

Origin: (first used denoting a frill around a sleeve): probably from a variant of "rough"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/ruff

ruff [entry 2] | tommy ruff

First use: late 19th century

Origin: "ruffe"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/ruff--2

ruff [entry 3]

First use: late 16th century

Origin: (originally the name of a card game resembling whist): from Old French rouffle, a parallel formation to Italian ronfa (perhaps an ... (24 of 29 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/ruff--3

ruff [entry 4]

First use: late 17th century

Origin: probably imitative

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/ruff--4

ruffe | ruff

Origin: late Middle English: probably from a variant of "rough"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/ruffe

ruffle | ruffled

Origin: Middle English (as a verb): of unknown origin. Current noun senses date from the late 17th century

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/ruffle

Merriam-Webster:

ruff [entry 1, noun] | ruffe

First use: 15th century

Origin: Middle English ruf

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/ruff

ruff [entry 2, noun]

First use: 1555

Origin: probably back-formation from ruffle

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/ruff show=1

ruff [entry 3, verb]

First use: 1598

Origin: Middle French roffler

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/ruff show=2

ruffle [entry 1, verb] | ruffled [past tense] | ruffling [present participle]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English ruffelen; akin to Low German ruffelen to crumple

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/ruffle

ruffle [entry 3, noun]

First use: about 1802

Origin: ruff a drumbeat

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/ruffle show=2

Encarta Dictionary:

ruff [entry 1] | ruffs [plural]

First use: Early 16th century

Origin: Probably from variant of rough

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861706449​/definition​.html  [offline]

ruff [entry 2] | ruffs [plural] | ruffed [past tense] | ruffing [present participle]

First use: Late 16th century

Origin: Old French roffle, a card game

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861706450​/definition​.html  [offline]

ruffle [entry 2] | ruffles [plural] | ruffled [past tense] | ruffling [present participle]

First use: Early 18th century

Origin: Probably an imitation of the sound

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861706453​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

ruffle | ruffles [plural] | ruffled [past tense] | ruffling [present participle]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "ruffle"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/ruffle

Collins Dictionary:

ruff | ruffe

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "ruff"

Audio 2: North American English pronunciation of "ruff"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/ruff

ruffle

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "ruffle"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/ruffle

Macmillan British Dictionary:

ruff [countable] | ruffs [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "ruff"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/ruff

ruffle [transitive] | ruffled [past tense] | ruffling [present participle] | ruffles [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "ruffle"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/ruffle

ruffle [countable, noun] | ruffles [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "ruffle"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/ruffle 14

Macmillan American Dictionary:

ruff [countable] | ruffs [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "ruff"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/ruff

ruffle [transitive] | ruffled [past tense] | ruffling [present participle] | ruffles [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "ruffle"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/ruffle

ruffle [countable, noun] | ruffles [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "ruffle"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/ruffle 14

Cambridge Dictionary:

ruff

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "ruff"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "ruff"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/ruff

ruffle [entry 1]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "ruffle"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "ruffle"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/ruffle 1

the Free Dictionary:

ruff

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "ruff"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "ruff"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "ruff" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/ruff

ruffle

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "ruffle"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "ruffle"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "ruffle" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/ruffle

Google Dictionary:

ruff | ruffs [plural] | ruffed [past tense] | ruffing [present participle]

Audio: English pronunciation of "ruff"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=ruff

ruffle | ruffles [plural] | ruffled [past tense] | ruffling [present participle]

Audio: English pronunciation of "ruffle"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=ruffle

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

ruff

Audio: North American pronunciation of "ruff"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=ruff​1001 word=ruff

ruffle

Audio: North American pronunciation of "ruffle"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=ruffle​01 word=ruffle

YourDictionary Audio:

ruff

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "ruff" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ruff

ruffle

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "ruffle" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ruffle

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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