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root word

Definition:

the form of a word after all affixes are removed

Class:

communication noun (communicative processes and contents)

Plural:

root words

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Synonyms:

base | radical | root | stem | theme | B. [acronym] | b. [acronym]

Etymology:

"root (Noun)": "underground part of a plant", late Old English rot, ... | "root...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

root word [linguistics]

the form of a word after all affixes are removed (10 of 285 words, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/root-word

Wiktionary:

root word | root words [plural]

A prefix in an English word derived from Greek or Latin. | Alternative form of root. It's the primary lexical unit of a word, which carries the most significant aspects of semantic content and cannot be reduced into smaller constituents. Inflectional ... (40 of 47 words, 2 definitions)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/root word

Merriam-Webster:

theme | stem [sense-specific, synonym] | composition [synonym, sense-specific] | content [synonym, sense-specific] | motif [synonym, sense-specific] | motive [synonym, sense-specific] | question [synonym, sense-specific] | subject [synonym, sense-specific] | matter [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

a subject or topic of discourse or of artistic representation ; a specific and distinctive quality, characteristic, or concern | "stem" ... (20 of 341 words, 4 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/theme

Oxford Dictionary:

theme | rheme [near antonym, sense-specific]

the subject of a talk, piece of writing, exhibition, etc.; a topic | [United States] : an essay written by a school pupil on a particular subject. | ... (26 of 272 words, 10 definitions, 7 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/theme

Wikipedia:

Theme [disambiguation] | Themes

may refer to: Theme (arts), the unifying subject or idea of the type of visual work | Theme (narrative), the unifying subject or idea of a story | Theme (music), the initial or principal melody in a musical piece | Theme music, signature music which ... (42 of 242 words, 21 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Theme

Britannica Encyclopedia:

theme [Byzantine government] | Thema [Greek]

in the Byzantine Empire, originally, a military unit stationed in a provincial area; in the 7th century the name was applied to large military ... (24 of 205 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/590490​/theme

Random House Dictionary:

theme | themed [past tense] | theming [present participle] | themata [sense-specific, plural] | thema [sense-specific] | topic [linguistics, definition 4, synonym, sense-specific]

a subject of discourse, discussion, meditation, or composition; topic. | a unifying or dominant idea, motif, etc., as in a work of art. | a short, ... (24 of 136 words, 9 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/theme

Macmillan British Dictionary:

theme [countable] | themes [plural] | theme music/song/tune

the main subject of something such as a book, speech, art exhibition, or discussion | "theme" or "theme music/song/tune": [music] a short piece of ... (23 of 123 words, 2 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/theme

American Heritage Dictionary:

theme | themed [past tense] | theming [present participle] | themes [3rd-person singular present] | themeless [adjective, related]

A topic of discourse or discussion. | A subject of artistic representation. | An implicit or recurrent idea; a motif | A short composition assigned to ... (23 of 119 words, 8 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/theme

New World Dictionary:

theme | themed [past tense] | theming [present participle]

a topic or subject, as of a lecture, sermon, essay, etc. ; a recurring, unifying subject or idea; motif, often one used decoratively | a short essay, ... (26 of 103 words, 5 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/theme

Cambridge Dictionary:

theme [entry 1]

the main subject of a talk, book, film, etc. (9 of 27 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/theme 1

theme [entry 2]

a song or tune which is played several times in a film, etc. and which is therefore remembered as belonging to that film, etc. | a short, simple tune ... (28 of 47 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/theme 2

Columbia Encyclopedia:

stem

supporting structure of a plant, serving also to conduct and to store food materials. The stems of herbaceous and of woody plants differ: those of ... (25 of 336 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0846637​.html

Encarta Dictionary:

theme | themes [plural] | themed [past tense] | theming [present participle]

the subject of a discourse, discussion, piece of writing, or artistic composition | a distinct, recurring, and unifying quality or idea | a melody ... (22 of 311 words, 8 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861719526​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

root

First use: 1530s

Origin: "root (Noun)": "underground part of a plant", late Old English rot, ... | "root (v1.)": "dig with the snout", from Middle English wroten ... (23 of 262 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=root

Wiktionary:

root | roots [plural] | rooted [past tense] | rooting [present participle]

Origin: Middle English root ("the underground part of a plant"), from late Old English rōt, from Old Norse rót ... | Middle English wrōten ("to dig with the snout"), from Old English wrōtan, from Proto-Germanic *to... (34 of 79 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/root

New World Dictionary:

root

Origin: Middle English rote from Late Old English from Old Norse rot, ... | formerly also wrote, rout from Middle English ... (19 of 61 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/root

Collins Dictionary:

root

First use: 16th century | 19th century

Origin: Old English rōt, from Old Norse; related to Old English wyrtwort | changed (through influence of root1) from earlier ... (22 of 54 etymology words)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/root

American Heritage Dictionary:

root | rooted [past tense] | rooting [present participle] | roots [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English rot, from Old English rōt, from Old Norse; see wrād- in Indo-European roots. | Middle English wroten, from ... (19 of 28 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/root

Merriam-Webster:

root [entry 1, often attributive, noun]

First use: 12th century

Origin: Middle English, from Old English rōt, from Old Norse; akin to Old English wyrt root, Latin radix, Greek rhiza

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/root

root [entry 3, verb]

First use: 1532

Origin: alteration of wroot, from Middle English wroten, from Old English wrōtan; akin to Old High German ruozzan to root

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/root show=2

root [entry 4, verb]

First use: 1889

Origin: perhaps alteration of rout

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/root show=3

Oxford Dictionary:

root [entry 1] | rootier [comparative] | rootiest [superlative] | root note | roots | root something up | be rooted in | rooted

Origin: late Old English rōt, from Old Norse rót; related to Latin radix, also to "wort"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/root

root [entry 2] | root something out

Origin: Old English wrōtan, of Germanic origin; related to Old English wrōt "snout", German Rüssel "snout", and perhaps ultimately to Latin rodere "gnaw"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/root--2

Encarta Dictionary:

root [entry 1] | roots [plural] | rooted [past tense] | rooting [present participle]

First use: Pre-12th century

Origin: Old Norse rót from Indo-European, "branch, root"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861706004​/definition​.html  [offline]

root [entry 2] | rooted [past tense] | rooting [present participle] | roots [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Old English wrōtan from Germanic; influenced by root [entry 1]

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861706007​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

root | roots [plural] | rooted [past tense] | rooting [present participle]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "root"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/root

Collins Dictionary:

root

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "root"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/root

Macmillan British Dictionary:

root | roots [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "root"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/root

root [verb] | rooted [past tense] | rooting [present participle] | roots [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "root"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/root 20

Macmillan American Dictionary:

root [noun] | roots [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "root"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/root

root [verb] | rooted [past tense] | rooting [present participle] | roots [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "root"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/root 20

Cambridge Dictionary:

root [entry 2]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "root"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "root"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/root 2

the Free Dictionary:

Root

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "Root"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "Root"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "Root" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/Root

Google Dictionary:

root | roots [plural] | rooted [past tense] | rooting [present participle]

Audio: English pronunciation of "root"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=root

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

root

Audio: North American pronunciation of "root"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=root​0007 word=root

root

Audio: North American pronunciation of "root"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=root​0006 word=root

Root

Audio: North American pronunciation of "Root"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=bixroo​04 word=Root

YourDictionary Audio:

root

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "root" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/root

freedictionary.org:

root

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "root" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=root

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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