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rival (contestant)

Definition:

the contestant one hopes to defeat

Class:

person noun (people)

Related to:

rivalrous

Plural:

rivals

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Usage example:

he had respect for his rivals

Etymology:

Latin rivalis "a rival", originally, "one who uses the same stream" (or "one on...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

All senses of rival...

Definition references

Wikipedia:

Challenger [disambiguation]

may refer to: Challenger trucks, a Canadian maker of heavy trucks | One of several British Army tanks: Cruiser Mk VIII Challenger, in service during World War II | Challenger 1 tank, in service from the late 1980s to early 21st century | Challenger 2 ... (42 of 672 words, 62 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Challenger

Collins Dictionary:

challenger | challenge | dispute [synonym, sense-specific] | stimulate [synonym, sense-specific] | challengeable [adjective, derived]

someone who competes with the holder of a title, e.g. in boxing, or an office | to invite or summon (someone to do something, especially to take part ... (27 of 642 words, 15 definitions, 11 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/challenger

Oxford Dictionary:

challenge | challengeable [derived] | challenger [derived] | challenges [sense-specific, related] | challenging [sense-specific, related] | challenged [sense-specific, related]

a call to someone to participate in a competitive situation or fight to decide who is superior in terms of ability or strength | a task or situation ... (27 of 357 words, 16 definitions, 15 usage examples, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/challenge

New World Dictionary:

challenge | challenged [past tense] | challenging [present participle] | challengeable [adjective, related] | challenger [noun, related]

a demand for identification | a calling into question; a demanding of proof, explanation, etc. | a call or dare to take part in a duel, contest, etc. ... (26 of 172 words, 13 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/challenge

Random House Dictionary:

challenger | Challenger [sense-specific] | interrogator [radios, definition 2, synonym, sense-specific]

a person or thing that challenges. | [boxing] a boxer who fights a champion for his championship title. | [radios] interrogator (definition 2) | ... (21 of 58 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/challenger

American Heritage Dictionary:

challenger

One that challenges | [sports] One who competes against the holder of a title or championship, as in boxing. (18 of 26 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/challenger

Cambridge Dictionary:

challenger

someone who tries to win a competition, fight or sports event from someone who has previously won it (18 of 24 words, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/challenger

Wiktionary:

challenger | challengers [plural] | adversary [synonym] | combatant [synonym] | contender [synonym] | disputer [synonym] | opponent [synonym]

One who challenges. (3 of 4 words, 1 usage example)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/challenger

Merriam-Webster:

competitor | rival [synonym] | challenger [synonym] | competition [synonym] | contender [synonym] | contestant [synonym] | corrival [synonym] | archrival [similar] | finalist [similar] | ...

one that competes: as ; "rival" ; one selling or buying goods or services in the same market as another ; an organism that lives in competition with ... (28 of 93 words, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/competitor

Macmillan British Dictionary:

competitor [countable] | competitors [plural]

a company that sells the same goods or services as another company | someone who takes part in a sports competition (20 of 63 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/competitor

Britannica Encyclopedia:

competition [biotic interaction]

in ecology, utilization of the same resources by organisms of the same or of different species living together in a community, when the resources are ... (25 of 168 words, 1 image)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/129779​/competition

Columbia Encyclopedia:

competition

in economics, rivalry in supplying or acquiring an economic service or good. Sellers compete with other sellers, and buyers with other buyers. In its ... (24 of 532 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/bus​/A​0813096​.html

competition

in biology, relationship between members of the same or different species in which individuals are adversely affected by those having the same living ... (23 of 108 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0813095​.html

Encarta Dictionary:

challenger | challengers [plural]

the issuer of an invitation to a fight, contest, or competition | an opponent of a champion, especially in a boxing match (21 of 40 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861596138​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

rival

First use: 1570s

Origin: Latin rivalis "a rival", originally, "one who uses the same stream" (or "one on the opposite side of the stream"), from rivus "brook". ... (24 of 39 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=rival

New World Dictionary:

rival | rivaled [past tense] | rivalled [past tense] | rivaling [present participle] | rivalling [present participle]

Origin: French from Latin rivalis, originally, one living near or using the same stream as another from rivus, brook from Indo-European ... (20 of 28 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/rival

corrival [rare]

Origin: Latin corrivalis: see "com-" and "rival"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/corrival

Oxford Dictionary:

rival

First use: late 16th century

Origin: Latin rivalis, originally in the sense "person using the same stream as another", from rivus "stream"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/rival

corrival

First use: late 16th century

Origin: French, or from Latin corrivalis, from rivalis "rival"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/corrival

American Heritage Dictionary:

rival | rivaled [past tense] | rivalled [past tense] | rivaling [present participle] | rivalling [present participle] | rivals [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Latin rīvālis, one using the same stream as another, a rival, from rīvus, stream; see rei- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/rival

corrival

Origin: French, from Latin corrīvālis: com-, intensive pref.; see "com-" + rīvālis, rival; see "rival".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/corrival

Collins Dictionary:

rival

First use: 16th century

Origin: from Latin rīvalis, literally: one who shares the same brook, from rīvus a brook

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/rival

corrival

First use: 16th century

Origin: from Old French, from Late Latin corrīvālis, from Latin com- together, mutually + rīvālisrival

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/corrival

Wiktionary:

rival | rivals [plural] | rivalled [past tense] | rivaled [past tense] | rivalling [present participle] | rivaling [present participle]

Origin: Latin rīvālis, literally 'person using the same stream as another', from rīvus ("small stream, brook").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/rival

Merriam-Webster:

rival [entry 1, noun]

First use: 1577

Origin: Middle French or Latin; Middle French, from Latin rivalis one using the same stream as another, rival in love, from rivalis of a stream, ... (25 of 28 etymology words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/rival

corrival

First use: 1579

Origin: Middle French, from Latin corrivalis, from com- + rivalis rival

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/corrival

Encarta Dictionary:

rival | rivals [plural] | rivaled [past tense] | rivaling [present participle]

First use: Late 16th century

Origin: Latin rivalis "using the same stream" from rivus "stream"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861705603​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

rival | rivals [plural] | rivalled [past tense] | rivaled [past tense] | rivalling [present participle] | rivaling [present participle]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "rival"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/rival

Collins Dictionary:

rival

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "rival"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/rival

corrival

Audio: British English pronunciation of "corrival"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/corrival

Macmillan American Dictionary:

rival [countable] | rivals [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "rival"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/rival

rival [transitive, verb] | rivalled [past tense] | rivalling [present participle] | rivals [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "rival"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/rival 19

rival [only before noun, adjective]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "rival"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/rival 13

Macmillan British Dictionary:

rival [countable] | rivals [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "rival"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/rival

rival [transitive, verb] | rivalled [past tense] | rivalling [present participle] | rivals [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "rival"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/rival 19

rival [only before noun, adjective]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "rival"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/rival 13

Cambridge Dictionary:

rival [entry 2, US USUALLY] | -ll- [past tense] | -l- [past tense]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "rival"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "rival"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/rival 2

the Free Dictionary:

rival

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "rival"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "rival"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "rival" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/rival

corrival

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "corrival"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "corrival"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "corrival" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/corrival

Google Dictionary:

rival | rivals [plural] | rivalled [past tense] | rivaled [past tense] | rivaling [present participle] | rivalling [present participle]

Audio: English pronunciation of "rival"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=rival

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

rival

Audio: North American pronunciation of "rival"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=rival​001 word=rival

corrival

Audio: North American pronunciation of "corrival"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=corriv​01 word=corrival

YourDictionary Audio:

rival

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "rival" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/rival

corrival

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "corrival"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/corrival

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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