Memidex: Free online dictionary/thesaurus and more....
| Free Tools | Preferences | About | Contact | Index

retronym

noun

  1. (word)  a word introduced because an existing term has become inadequate
    Type of: word
  2. (term)  a new term created from an existing word to distinguish the original word from a different, more modern usage
    Type of: term

Etymology summary

retro- + -onym; coined by Frank Mankiewicz and popularized by William Safire [1]...
(Source: Wiktionary)  [more]

Definition references

Wikipedia:

Retronym

a type of neologism that provides a new name for an object or concept to differentiate its original form or version from a more recent form or version. The original name is most often augmented with an adjective to account for later developments of the... (45 of 1032 words)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Retronym

Collins Dictionary:

retronym

a new word coined for an existing or older thing to distinguish it from something newer or more recent (19 of 192 words, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/retronym

Oxford Dictionary:

retronym

a new term created from an existing word in order to distinguish the original referent of the existing word from a later one that is the product of ... (28 of 59 words, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/retronym

American Heritage Dictionary:

retronym

A word or phrase created because an existing term that was once used alone needs to be distinguished from a term referring to a new development, as ... (27 of 48 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/retronym

Wiktionary:

retronym | retronyms [plural]

A new word or phrase coined for an old object or concept whose original name has become used for something else or is no longer unique (such as acoustic guitar where guitar used to mean this but can now also refer to an electric guitar). (45 of 46 words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/retronym

Merriam-Webster:

retronym

a term consisting of a noun and a modifier which specifies the original meaning of the noun (17 of 35 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/retronym

Encarta Dictionary:

retronym [United States] | retronyms [plural]

a term that distinguishes a subclass from members of a superclass, e.g. "snail mail" is a retronym coined by those for whom "mail" is ... (24 of 47 words, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861701765​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Wiktionary:

retronym | retronyms [plural]

Origin: retro- + -onym; coined by Frank Mankiewicz and popularized by William Safire [1] in The New York Times

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/retronym

Oxford Dictionary:

retronym

First use: 1980s

Origin: "retro-" + "-onym"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/retronym

retro-

Origin: Latin retro "backwards"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/retro--

-onym

Origin: Greek -ōnumon, neuter of -ōnumos, combining form of onoma "name"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/--onym

Merriam-Webster:

retronym

First use: 1980

Origin: retro- + -onym

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/retronym

retro

First use: 1974

Origin: French rétro, short for rétrospectif retrospective

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/retro-

-onym

Origin: Greek -ōnymon, from onyma

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/-onym

American Heritage Dictionary:

retronym

Origin: "retro-" + "-onym".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/retronym

retro-

Origin: Latin retrō-, from retrō, backward, behind; see re- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/retro-prefix

-onym

Origin: Greek -ōnumon, neuter of -ōnumos, having a specified kind of name, from onuma, name; see nō̆-men- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/onym-suffix

Encarta Dictionary:

retronym [United States] | retronyms [plural]

Origin: retro- after synonym

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861701765​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

the Free Dictionary:

retronym

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "retronym"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "retronym"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "retronym" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/retronym

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

retronym

Audio: North American pronunciation of "retronym"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=retro​01​v word=retronym

YourDictionary Audio:

retronym

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "retronym" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/retronym

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

Copyright © 2008-2013 Memidex