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recluse (loner)

Definition:

one who lives in solitude

Class:

person noun (people)

Plural:

recluses

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

"person shut up from the world for purposes of religious meditation", from Old...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

All senses of recluse...

Definition references  (+images)

Collins Dictionary:

solitudinarian

a person who leads solitary life (6 of 181 words, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/solitudinarian

Merriam-Webster:

recluse [entry 1, adjective] | solitary [synonym] | solitudinarian [recluse] | reclusive [adjective, related] | reclusively [adverb, related] | reclusiveness [noun, related]

marked by withdrawal from society; "solitary" (6 of 57 words, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/recluse

Oxford Dictionary:

solitudinarian

Syllabification: (sol·i·tud·i·nar·i·an) | [rare] | a person who lives a solitary life; a recluse. (12 of 31 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/solitudinarian

solitudinarian [rare]

a person who lives a solitary life; a recluse (9 of 28 words, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/solitudinarian

American Heritage Dictionary:

solitudinarian

One leading a solitary or secluded life. (7 of 19 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/solitudinarian

Random House Dictionary:

solitudinarian

a person who seeks solitude; recluse. (6 of 12 words, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/solitudinarian

Wiktionary:

solitudinarian [archaic] | solitudinarians [plural] | hermit [synonym] | loner [synonym]

One who remains solitary. (4 of 6 words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/solitudinarian

Wikipedia:

Recluse

a person who lives in voluntary seclusion from the public and society. The word is from the Latin recludere, which means "shut up" or "sequester." Historically, the word referred to a hermit's total isolation from the world. Examples are Symeon of... (41 of 304 words, 1 image)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Recluse

Recluse (disambiguation)

may refer to: Recluse, one who hides from the public | Recluse, Wyoming, town in the United States | Recluse spider, a genus of venomous spiders | Brown recluse spider, a particularly infamous member species native to North America | "The Recluse"... (38 of 99 words, 6 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Recluse (disambiguation)

New World Dictionary:

recluse | reclusive [adjective, related]

shut away from the world; secluded; solitary | a person who lives a secluded, solitary life (15 of 45 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/recluse

Macmillan British Dictionary:

recluse [countable] | recluses [plural]

someone who lives alone and avoids seeing other people (9 of 34 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/recluse

Cambridge Dictionary:

recluse | reclusive [adjective, derived]

a person who lives alone and avoids going outside or talking to other people (14 of 31 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/recluse

Britannica Encyclopedia:

hermit [hummingbird]

any of several hummingbird species of the genus Phaethornis. See hummingbird. (11 of 12 words, 1 image)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/263279​/hermit

hermit [religion] | Eremite [synonym]

one who retires from society, primarily for religious reasons, and lives in solitude. In Christianity the word is used interchangeably with anchorite, ... (22 of 189 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/263272​/hermit

Columbia Encyclopedia:

hermit

one who lives in solitude, especially from ascetic motives. Hermits are known in many cultures. Permanent solitude was common in ancient Christian ... (22 of 153 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/society​/A​0823500​.html

Encarta Dictionary:

solitudinarian [literary] | solitudinarians [plural]

somebody who lives or prefers to be alone (8 of 25 words, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861710237​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

recluse

First use: early 13th century

Origin: "person shut up from the world for purposes of religious meditation", from Old French reclus (feminine recluse), noun use of ... (23 of 57 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=recluse

New World Dictionary:

recluse

Origin: Middle English from Old French reclus from ecclesiastical Late Latin reclusus from Latin, past participle of recludere, to shut ... (19 of 26 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/recluse

American Heritage Dictionary:

recluse

Origin: Middle English, from Old French reclus, from Latin reclūsus, past participle of reclūdere, to shut up: re-, re- + claudere, to close.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/recluse

Oxford Dictionary:

recluse

Origin: Middle English: from Old French reclus, past participle of reclure, from Latin recludere "enclose", from re- "again" + claudere "to shut"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/recluse

Wiktionary:

recluse | recluses [plural] | reclused [past tense] | reclusing [present participle]

Origin: Old French reclus, past participle of reclure, from Latin reclūdere, present active infinitive of reclūdō ("enclose"), from re- + claudō ("close").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/recluse

Collins Dictionary:

recluse

First use: 13th century

Origin: from Old French reclus, from Late Latin reclūdere to shut away, from Latin re- + claudere to close

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/recluse

Merriam-Webster:

recluse [entry 1, adjective]

First use: 13th century

Origin: Middle English, from Anglo-French reclus, literally, shut away, from Late Latin reclusus, past participle of recludere to shut ... (20 of 27 etymology words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/recluse

Encarta Dictionary:

recluse | recluses [plural]

First use: 12th century

Origin: French reclus, past participle of Old French reclure "shut up" from Latin recludere "shut again" from claudere "shut"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861699725​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

recluse

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "recluse"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "recluse"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/recluse

Macmillan British Dictionary:

recluse [countable] | recluses [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "recluse"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/recluse

Macmillan American Dictionary:

recluse [countable] | recluses [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "recluse"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/recluse

Cambridge Dictionary:

recluse

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "recluse"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "recluse"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/recluse

the Free Dictionary:

recluse

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "recluse"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "recluse"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "recluse" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/recluse

Google Dictionary:

recluse | recluses [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "recluse"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=recluse

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

recluse

Audio: North American pronunciation of "recluse"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=reclus​01 word=recluse

recluse

Audio: North American pronunciation of "recluse"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=reclus​02 word=recluse

YourDictionary Audio:

recluse

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "recluse" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/recluse

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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