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prevent (keep)

Definition:

to stop (someone or something) from doing something or being in a certain state

Class:

social verb (politics, social activities, events, etc.)

Past tense:

prevented

Present participle:

preventing

3rd-person singular present:

prevents

Similar to:

keep

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Usage example:

We must prevent the cancer from spreading

Synonyms:

keep

Etymology:

"to act in anticipation of", from Latin praeventus, past participle of...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

All senses of prevent...

Definition references  (+images)

Collins Dictionary:

prevent | hinder [synonym, sense-specific] | impede [synonym, sense-specific] | preventable [derived] | preventible [adjective, derived]

[transitive] to keep from happening, especially by taking precautionary action | [transitive, often followed by] from to keep (someone from doing ... (20 of 486 words, 4 definitions, 9 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/prevent

Merriam-Webster:

prevent | hinder [synonym, sense-specific] | avert [synonym, sense-specific] | forestall [synonym, sense-specific] | head off [synonym, sense-specific] | help [synonym, sense-specific] | obviate [synonym, sense-specific] | preclude [synonym, sense-specific] | stave off [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

[archaic] to be in readiness for (as an occasion) ; to meet or satisfy in advance ; to act ahead of ; to go or arrive before | to deprive of power or ... (32 of 349 words, 5 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/prevent

Macmillan British Dictionary:

prevent [transitive] | prevented [past tense] | preventing [present participle] | prevents [3rd-person singular present]

to stop something from happening | to stop someone from doing something (11 of 166 words, 2 definitions, 6 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/prevent

Wikipedia:

Prevention [disambiguation]

Prevention-to avoid doing; stay away from dangerous or risky things. Prevention may refer to: Crime prevention | Hazard prevention, the process of risk study and elimination and mitigation in emergency management | Pollution prevention | Preventive ... (33 of 150 words, 14 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Prevention

Oxford Dictionary:

prevent | preventability [derived] | preventable [derived]

keep (something) from happening | stop (someone) from doing something | [archaic] : (of God) go before (someone) with spiritual guidance and help. (21 of 98 words, 3 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/prevent

American Heritage Dictionary:

prevent | prevented [past tense] | preventing [present participle] | prevents [3rd-person singular present] | preventability [noun, related] | preventibility [noun, related] | preventable [adjective, related] | preventible [adjective, related] | preventer [noun, related]

To keep from happening | To keep (someone) from doing something; impede | [archaic] To anticipate or counter in advance. | [archaic] To come before; ... (22 of 83 words, 5 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/prevent

New World Dictionary:

prevent | preventable [related] | preventer [noun, related]

[obsolete] ; to act in anticipation of (an event or a fixed time) ; to anticipate (a need, objection, etc.) ; to precede | to stop or keep (from doing ... (29 of 70 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/prevent

Wiktionary:

prevent | prevented [past tense] | preventing [present participle] | prevents [3rd-person singular present] | pr√¶vent [archaic, sense-specific] | hinder [synonym, sense-specific]

[transitive] To stop; to keep (from happening). | [intransitive, rare] To take preventative measures. | [obsolete, transitive] To come before; to precede. | [obsolete, transitive] To outdo, surpass. (25 of 68 words, 4 definitions, 5 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/prevent

Random House Dictionary:

prevent

to keep from occurring; avert; hinder. | to hinder or stop from doing something. | [archaic] to act ahead of; forestall. | [archaic] to precede. | ... (22 of 56 words, 6 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/prevent

Cambridge Dictionary:

prevent

to stop something from happening or someone from doing something (10 of 28 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/prevent

Britannica Encyclopedia:

donjon [architecture] | keep

Most heavily fortified area of a medieval castle, usually a tower, to which the occupants could retire during a siege. It contained a well, quarters, ... (25 of 51 words, 4 images)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/314145​/donjon

Encarta Dictionary:

prevent | prevented [past tense] | preventing [present participle] | prevents [3rd-person singular present]

to cause something not to happen or not to be done | to be the reason why somebody does not or cannot do something (23 of 93 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861737040​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

prevent

First use: early 15th century

Origin: "to act in anticipation of", from Latin praeventus, past participle of praevenire "come before, anticipate, hinder", in Late Latin also ... (23 of 48 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=prevent

Oxford Dictionary:

prevent

Origin: late Middle English (in the sense "act in anticipation of"): from Latin praevent- "preceded, hindered", from the verb praevenire, from ... (20 of 24 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/prevent

Merriam-Webster:

prevent

First use: 15th century

Origin: Middle English, to anticipate, from Latin praeventus, past participle of praevenire to come before, anticipate, forestall, from prae- + venire to come

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/prevent

New World Dictionary:

prevent

Origin: Middle English preventen from Latin praeventus, past participle of praevenire, to anticipate from prae-, before (see "pre-") + venire, to "come"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/prevent

American Heritage Dictionary:

prevent | prevented [past tense] | preventing [present participle] | prevents [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English preventen, to anticipate, from Latin praevenīre, praevent-: prae-, pre- + venīre, to come; see gwā- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/prevent

Wiktionary:

prevent | prevented [past tense] | preventing [present participle] | prevents [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English preventen ("anticipate"), from Latin praeventus, perfect passive participle of praeveniō ("anticipate"), from prae ("before") + veniō ("come").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/prevent

Collins Dictionary:

prevent

First use: 15th century

Origin: from Latin praevenīre, from prae before + venīre to come

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/prevent

Encarta Dictionary:

prevent | prevented [past tense] | preventing [present participle] | prevents [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 15th century

Origin: Latin prevent-, past participle of praevenire "come before, prevent" from venire "come"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861737040​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

prevent | prevented [past tense] | preventing [present participle] | prevents [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "prevent"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/prevent

Collins Dictionary:

prevent

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "prevent"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/prevent

Macmillan British Dictionary:

prevent [transitive] | prevented [past tense] | preventing [present participle] | prevents [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "prevent"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/prevent

Macmillan American Dictionary:

prevent [transitive] | prevented [past tense] | preventing [present participle] | prevents [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "prevent"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/prevent

Cambridge Dictionary:

prevent

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "prevent"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "prevent"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/prevent

the Free Dictionary:

prevent

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "prevent"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "prevent"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "prevent" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/prevent

Google Dictionary:

prevent | prevented [past tense] | preventing [present participle] | prevents [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "prevent"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=prevent

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

prevent

Audio: North American pronunciation of "prevent"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=preven​02 word=prevent

YourDictionary Audio:

prevent

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "prevent" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/prevent

freedictionary.org:

prevent

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "prevent" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=prevent

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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