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pray

verb

  1. (commune)  to address a deity, a prophet, a saint or an object of worship; to say a prayer
    Synonyms: daven [Judaism], doven [Judaism]. Type of: commune
  2. (plead)  to call upon in supplication
    Synonyms: beg, entreat, implore, intreat. Type of: plead

Etymology summary

"ask earnestly, beg", also "pray to a god or saint", from Old French preier...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

pray | doven [synonym] | daven [synonym] | please [synonym, sense-specific]

[when] intr, often followed by for; when tr, usually takes a clause as object to utter prayers (to God or other object of worship) | [when "tr, ... (26 of 576 words, 4 definitions, 15 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/pray

Wikipedia:

Pray [disambiguation]

may refer to: Prayer, an active effort to communicate with a deity or spirit | Pray may also refer to: Pray, Piedmont, a comune in the Province of Biella | Pray, Wisconsin, an unincorporated community | Gy├Ârgy Pray (1723-1801), a Hungarian Jesuit... (39 of 228 words, 19 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Pray

Merriam-Webster:

pray | entreat [synonym, sense-specific] | implore [synonym, sense-specific] | appeal [synonym, sense-specific] | beseech [synonym, sense-specific] | besiege [synonym, sense-specific] | conjure [synonym, sense-specific] | impetrate [synonym, sense-specific] | importune [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

"entreat", "implore" [often used as a function word in introducing a question, request, or plea] | to get or bring by praying | to make a request in a ... (27 of 201 words, 4 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/pray

Oxford Dictionary:

pray

address a prayer to God or another deity | wish or hope strongly for a particular outcome or situation | [formal, archaic] | used as a preface to ... (25 of 127 words, 5 definitions, 5 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/pray

American Heritage Dictionary:

pray | prayed [past tense] | praying [present participle] | prays [3rd-person singular present]

To utter or address a prayer or prayers to God, a god, or another object of worship. | To make a fervent request or entreaty. | To utter or say a ... (29 of 112 words, 6 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/pray

Macmillan British Dictionary:

pray | prayed [past tense] | praying [present participle] | prays [3rd-person singular present]

[intransitive/transitive] to speak to God or a saint, for example to give thanks or ask for help | [intransitive] to hope or wish very strongly for ... (25 of 103 words, 2 definitions, 6 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/pray

pray [outdated, adverb]

used for asking a question or for telling someone to do something (12 of 42 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/pray 12

Random House Dictionary:

pray | daven [Yiddish] | doven [Yiddish]

to offer devout petition, praise, thanks, etc., to (God or an object of worship). | to offer (a prayer). | to bring, put, etc., by praying. | to make ... (26 of 103 words, 8 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/pray

New World Dictionary:

pray

to implore or beseech: now seldom used except as the elliptical form of "I pray you" | to ask for by prayer or supplication; beg for imploringly | to ... (27 of 95 words, 6 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/pray

Cambridge Dictionary:

pray [entry 1]

to speak to a god either privately or in a religious ceremony in order to express love, admiration or thanks or in order to ask for something | to ... (28 of 90 words, 2 definitions, 5 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/pray 1

pray [entry 2, dated, formal]

a forceful way of saying 'please' (6 of 29 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/pray 2

Wiktionary:

pray | prayed [past tense] | praying [present participle] | prays [3rd-person singular present] | curse [antonym, sense-specific] | please [synonym, sense-specific]

To petition or solicit help from a supernatural or higher being. | To humbly beg a person for aid or their time. | [religion] to communicate with God for any reason. | please; used to make a polite request. (36 of 73 words, 4 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciations)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/pray

Encarta Dictionary:

pray | prayed [past tense] | praying [present participle] | prays [3rd-person singular present]

to speak to God, a deity, or a saint, e.g. in order to give thanks, express regret, or ask for help | to hope strongly for something | to ask somebody ... (29 of 275 words, 5 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861737459​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

pray

First use: late 13th century

Origin: "ask earnestly, beg", also "pray to a god or saint", from Old French preier (about 900), from Latin precari "ask earnestly, beg", from ... (26 of 87 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=pray

Wiktionary:

pray | prayed [past tense] | praying [present participle] | prays [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English preien, from Anglo-Norman preier, from Old French preier, proier, (French prier), from Late Latin precāre, from Latin precārī, present active infinitive of precor, from... (26 of 50 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/pray

Collins Dictionary:

pray

First use: 13th century

Origin: from Old French preier, from Latin precārī to implore, from prex an entreaty; related to Old English fricgan, Old High ... (22 of 31 etymology words)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/pray

Merriam-Webster:

pray

First use: 13th century

Origin: Middle English, from Anglo-French prier, praer, preier, from Latin precari, from prec-, prex request, ... (16 of 31 etymology words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/pray

New World Dictionary:

pray

Origin: Middle English preien from Old French preier from Late Latin precare, for Latin precari from prex (generally ... (17 of 31 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/pray

American Heritage Dictionary:

pray | prayed [past tense] | praying [present participle] | prays [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English preien, from Old French preier, from Latin precārī, from precē, plural of *prex, prayer; see prek- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/pray

Oxford Dictionary:

pray

Origin: Middle English (in the sense "ask earnestly"): from Old French preier, from late Latin precare, alteration of Latin precari "entreat"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/pray

Encarta Dictionary:

pray | prayed [past tense] | praying [present participle] | prays [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 13th century

Origin: Old French preier from Latin precari "entreat" from prec- "prayer"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861737459​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

pray | prayed [past tense] | praying [present participle] | prays [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "pray"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/pray

Collins Dictionary:

pray

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "pray"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/pray

Macmillan British Dictionary:

pray | prayed [past tense] | praying [present participle] | prays [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "pray"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/pray

pray [outdated, adverb]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "pray"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/pray 12

Macmillan American Dictionary:

pray | prayed [past tense] | praying [present participle] | prays [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "pray"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/pray

pray [outdated, adverb]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "pray"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/pray 12

Cambridge Dictionary:

pray [entry 1]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "pray"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "pray"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/pray 1

the Free Dictionary:

pray

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "pray"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "pray"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "pray" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/pray

Google Dictionary:

pray | prayed [past tense] | praying [present participle] | prays [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "pray"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=pray

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

pray

Audio: North American pronunciation of "pray"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=pray​0001 word=pray

YourDictionary Audio:

pray

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "pray" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/pray

freedictionary.org:

Pray

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "Pray" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=pray

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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