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penance (punishment)

Definition:

voluntary self-punishment to atone for some wrongdoing

Class:

act noun (acts and actions)

Plural:

penances

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

"religious discipline or self-mortification as a token of repentance and as...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

All senses of penance...

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Mortification of the flesh

the institutional expiatory act of a person or group's penance for atonement of sins and path to sanctity. The term is primarily used in religious and spiritual contexts. The practice is found in many cultures, most notably the Roman Catholic Church... (41 of 1975 words, 3 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Mortification of the flesh

Oxford Dictionary:

self-mortification

the subjugation of appetites or desires by self-denial or self-discipline as an aspect of religious devotion (16 of 38 words, 1 usage example)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/self--mortification

Random House Dictionary:

self-mortification

the inflicting of pain or privation on oneself. (8 of 24 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/self-mortification

Collins Dictionary:

self-abasement

the act of putting yourself down, behaving in a very humble manner or belittling yourself (15 of 280 words, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/self-abasement

American Heritage Dictionary:

self-abasement

Degradation or humiliation of oneself, especially because of feelings of guilt or inferiority. (13 of 16 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/self-abasement

Wiktionary:

self-abasement | self-abasements [plural]

Self-punishment in order to atone for some real or imagined wrongdoing. (11 of 12 words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/self-abasement

New World Dictionary:

self-abasement

a humbling or abasement of oneself (6 of 9 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/self-abasement

Columbia Encyclopedia:

penance

sacrament of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Eastern churches. By it the penitent (the person receiving the sacrament) is absolved of his or her sins ... (25 of 268 words, pronunciation)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/society​/A​0838126​.html

Merriam-Webster:

penance [entry 1, noun]

an act of self-abasement, mortification, or devotion performed to show sorrow or repentance for sin | a sacramental rite that is practiced in Roman, ... (23 of 104 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/penance

penance [entry 2, verb] | penanced [past tense] | penancing [present participle]

to impose penance on (4 of 17 words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/penance show=1

Macmillan British Dictionary:

penance [countable/uncountable] | penances [plural]

punishment or suffering that you accept, especially because of your religious beliefs, to show that you are sorry for something bad that you have done (25 of 73 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/penance

Cambridge Dictionary:

penance

an act which shows that you feel sorry about something that you have done, sometimes for religious reasons (18 of 45 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/penance

Britannica Encyclopedia:

punishment [law]

the infliction of some kind of pain or loss upon a person for a misdeed. Punishment may take forms ranging from capital punishment, flogging, forced ... (25 of 813 words, 5 images)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/483544​/punishment

Encarta Dictionary:

self-mortification

self-administered punishment, often as prescribed by religious precepts, because of some perceived fault or flaw (15 of 21 words)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861715932​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

penance

First use: late 13th century

Origin: "religious discipline or self-mortification as a token of repentance and as atonement for some sin", from Anglo-French penaunce, Old French ... (23 of 34 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=penance

Oxford Dictionary:

penance

Origin: Middle English: from Old French, from Latin paenitentia "repentance", from the verb paenitere "be sorry"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/penance

American Heritage Dictionary:

penance | penanced [past tense] | penancing [present participle] | penances [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English, from Old French, from Latin paenitentia, penitence, from paenitēns, paenitent-, penitent; see "penitent".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/penance

Collins Dictionary:

penance

First use: 13th century

Origin: via Old French from Latin paenitentia repentance; related to Latin poena penalty

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/penance

New World Dictionary:

penance | penanced [past tense] | penancing [present participle]

Origin: Middle English from Old French peneance from Latin paenitentia, poenitentia from paenitens: see "penitent"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/penance

Merriam-Webster:

penance [entry 1, noun]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Medieval Latin poenitentia penitence

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/penance

Encarta Dictionary:

penance | penances [plural] | penanced [past tense] | penancing [present participle]

First use: 13th century

Origin: French from Latin paenitentia "regret" from paenitere "to regret"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861724695​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

penance | penances [plural] | penanced [past tense] | penancing [present participle]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "penance"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/penance

Collins Dictionary:

penance

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "penance"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/penance

Macmillan British Dictionary:

penance [countable/uncountable] | penances [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "penance"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/penance

Macmillan American Dictionary:

penance [countable/uncountable] | penances [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "penance"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/penance

Cambridge Dictionary:

penance

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "penance"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "penance"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/penance

the Free Dictionary:

penance

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "penance"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "penance"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "penance" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/penance

Google Dictionary:

penance | penances [plural] | penanced [past tense] | penancing [present participle]

Audio: English pronunciation of "penance"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=penance

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

penance

Audio: North American pronunciation of "penance"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=penanc​01 word=penance

YourDictionary Audio:

penance

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "penance" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/penance

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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