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paroxysm

Definition:

a sudden uncontrollable attack

Class:

state noun (stable states of affairs)

Derivative:

paroxysmal

Plural:

paroxysms

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Usage example:

a paroxysm of giggling

Synonyms:

convulsion | fit

Etymology:

"sudden attack, convulsion", from Middle French paroxysme (16th century),...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references

Wikipedia:

Paroxysmal attack | Paroxysmal attacks | paroxysms

a sudden recurrence or intensification of symptoms, such as a spasm or seizure. These short, frequent and stereotyped symptoms can be observed in various clinical conditions. They are usually associated with multiple sclerosis or pertussis, but they... (37 of 603 words)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Paroxysmal attack

Collins Dictionary:

paroxysm | paroxysmal [derived] | paroxysmic [adjective, derived]

an uncontrollable outburst | [pathology] a sudden attack or recurrence of a disease | any fit or convulsion (16 of 385 words, 3 definitions, 8 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/paroxysm

Merriam-Webster:

paroxysm | convulsion [synonym, sense-specific] | outburst [synonym, sense-specific] | agony [synonym, sense-specific] | blaze [synonym, sense-specific] | burst [synonym, sense-specific] | ebullition [synonym, sense-specific] | eruption [synonym, sense-specific] | explosion [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

a fit, attack, or sudden increase or recurrence of symptoms (as of a disease); "convulsion" | a sudden violent emotion or action; "outburst" (22 of 140 words, 2 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/paroxysm

Wiktionary:

paroxysm | paroxysms [plural]

A random or sudden outburst (of activity). | An explosive event during a volcanic eruption. | A sudden recurrence of a disease. (20 of 139 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/paroxysm

Oxford Dictionary:

paroxysm | paroxysmal [derived]

a sudden attack or outburst of a particular emotion or activity | [medicine] : a sudden recurrence or attack of a disease (21 of 86 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/paroxysm

American Heritage Dictionary:

paroxysm | paroxysmal [adjective, related] | paroxysmally [adverb, related]

A sudden outburst of emotion or action | A sudden attack, recurrence, or intensification of a disease. | A spasm or fit; a convulsion. (22 of 74 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/paroxysm

New World Dictionary:

paroxysm | paroxysmal [adjective, related]

a sudden attack, or intensification of the symptoms, of a disease, usually recurring periodically | a sudden outburst as of laughter, rage, or ... (22 of 59 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/paroxysm

Macmillan British Dictionary:

paroxysm [countable, formal] | paroxysms [plural]

a sudden uncontrolled expression of emotion (6 of 36 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/paroxysm

Random House Dictionary:

paroxysm

any sudden, violent outburst; a fit of violent action or emotion. | [pathology] a severe attack or a sudden increase in intensity of a disease, ... (24 of 36 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/paroxysm

Cambridge Dictionary:

paroxysm

a sudden and powerful expression of strong feeling, especially one that you cannot control (14 of 34 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/paroxysm

Columbia Encyclopedia:

convulsion

sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of the muscles of the body, often accompanied by loss of consciousness. It's not known what causes the ... (22 of 112 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0813398​.html

Britannica Encyclopedia:

convulsion [pathology]

condition characterized by violent, uncontrolled spasmodic contractions and relaxations of the voluntary muscles. Convulsions may be a symptom ... (18 of 100 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/135905​/convulsion

Encarta Dictionary:

paroxysm | paroxysms [plural]

a sudden and uncontrollable expression of emotion | a sudden onset or intensification of a pathological symptom or symptoms, especially when recurrent (21 of 77 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861723904​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

paroxysm

First use: 1570s

Origin: "sudden attack, convulsion", from Middle French paroxysme (16th century), earlier paroxime (13th century), from Medieval Latin ... (17 of 47 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=paroxysm

American Heritage Dictionary:

paroxysm

Origin: Middle English paroxism, periodic attack of a disease, from Medieval Latin paroxysmus, from Greek paroxusmos, from ... (16 of 39 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/paroxysm

Wiktionary:

paroxysm | paroxysms [plural]

Origin: French paroxysme, from Medieval Latin paroxysmus, from Ancient Greek παροξυσμός (paroksusmos, "irritation, the severe fit of a disease"), from παροξύνειν (paroksunein, "to sharpen,... (23 of 34 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/paroxysm

New World Dictionary:

paroxysm

Origin: French paroxysme from Medieval Latin paroxysmus from Greek paroxysmos from paroxynein, to excite, sharpen from ... (15 of 27 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/paroxysm

Collins Dictionary:

paroxysm

First use: 17th century

Origin: via French from Medieval Latin paroxysmus annoyance, from Greek paroxusmos, from paroxunein to goad, from para-1 ... (18 of 25 etymology words)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/paroxysm

Merriam-Webster:

paroxysm

First use: 15th century

Origin: Middle English paroxism, from Medieval Latin paroxysmus, from Greek paroxysmos, from paroxynein to stimulate, from ... (17 of 24 etymology words)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/paroxysm

Oxford Dictionary:

paroxysm

Origin: late Middle English: from French paroxysme, via medieval Latin from Greek paroxusmos, from paroxunein "exasperate", from ... (16 of 23 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/paroxysm

Encarta Dictionary:

paroxysm | paroxysms [plural]

First use: Late 16th century

Origin: medieval Latin from Greek paroxunein "irritate", literally "sharpen beyond" from oxus "sharp"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861723904​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

paroxysm

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "paroxysm"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/paroxysm

Macmillan British Dictionary:

paroxysm [countable, formal] | paroxysms [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "paroxysm"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/paroxysm

Macmillan American Dictionary:

paroxysm [countable, formal] | paroxysms [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "paroxysm"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/paroxysm

Cambridge Dictionary:

paroxysm

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "paroxysm"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "paroxysm"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/paroxysm

the Free Dictionary:

paroxysm

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "paroxysm"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "paroxysm"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "paroxysm" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/paroxysm

Google Dictionary:

paroxysm | paroxysms [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "paroxysm"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=paroxysm

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

paroxysm

Audio: North American pronunciation of "paroxysm"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=paroxy​02 word=paroxysm

paroxysm

Audio: North American pronunciation of "paroxysm"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=paroxy​01 word=paroxysm

YourDictionary Audio:

paroxysm

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "paroxysm" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/paroxysm

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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