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overwhelm (arouse)

Definition:

to overcome, as with emotions or perceptual stimuli

Class:

emotion verb (feeling)

Past tense:

overwhelmed

Present participle:

overwhelming

3rd-person singular present:

overwhelms

Type of:

arouse » make

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

"to turn upside down, to overthrow", from "over" + Middle English whelmen "to...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

All senses of overwhelm...

Definition references

Macmillan British Dictionary:

sweep over [transitive] | swept over [past tense] | sweeping over [present participle] | sweeps over [3rd-person singular present]

to suddenly affect someone very strongly (6 of 56 words, 1 usage example)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/sweep-over

Collins Dictionary:

whelm | overwhelm [sense-specific]

to engulf entirely with or as if with water | another word for "overwhelm" (13 of 206 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/whelm

Wiktionary:

whelm | whelmed [past tense] | whelming [present participle] | whelms [3rd-person singular present]

To cover; to submerge; to engulf; to bury. | To overcome with emotion. | [obsolete] To throw (something) over a thing so as to cover it. (24 of 157 words, 3 definitions, 7 usage examples, pronunciations)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/whelm

Merriam-Webster:

whelm | overwhelm [synonym, sense-specific] | crush [synonym, sense-specific] | devastate [synonym, sense-specific] | floor [synonym, sense-specific] | grind [synonym, sense-specific] | oppress [synonym, sense-specific] | overcome [synonym, sense-specific] | overmaster [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

to turn (as a dish or vessel) upside down usually to cover something; cover or engulf completely with usually disastrous effect | to overcome in ... (24 of 126 words, 3 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/whelm

Oxford Dictionary:

whelm

[archaic] : | engulf, submerge, or bury | well up or flow | an act or instance of flowing or heaping up abundantly; a surge (22 of 72 words, 4 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/whelm

American Heritage Dictionary:

whelm | whelmed [past tense] | whelming [present participle] | whelms [3rd-person singular present]

To cover with water; submerge. | To overwhelm. (7 of 40 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/whelm

New World Dictionary:

whelm

to submerge, cover, or engulf | to overpower or crush; overwhelm (10 of 31 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/whelm

Random House Dictionary:

whelm

to submerge; engulf. | to overcome utterly; overwhelm. | to roll or surge over something, as in becoming submerged. (17 of 29 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/whelm

Wikipedia:

OverPower

a collectible card game produced by Fleer Corporation originally featuring characters from Marvel Comics and later from DC Comics and Image Comics. The game was initially launched in August 1995 and is no longer in production. In the game, two players ... (41 of 3754 words)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Over​Power

Cambridge Dictionary:

overpower

to defeat someone by having greater strength or power | If a smell or feeling overpowers you, it's so strong that it makes you feel weak or ill (27 of 53 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/overpower

Columbia Encyclopedia:

transmission | clutch

in automobiles, system of parts connecting the engine to the wheels. Suitable torque, or turning force, is generated by the engine only within a ... (24 of 673 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0849282​.html

Britannica Encyclopedia:

clutch [machine component]

device for quickly and easily connecting or disconnecting a pair of rotatable coaxial shafts. Clutches are usually placed between the driving motor ... (22 of 222 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/122640​/clutch

Encarta Dictionary:

whelm | whelmed [past tense] | whelming [present participle] | whelms [3rd-person singular present]

to engulf or submerge something in water | to overpower or overburden somebody or something (14 of 58 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861712623​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

overwhelm

First use: early 14th century

Origin: "to turn upside down, to overthrow", from "over" + Middle English whelmen "to turn upside down". Meaning "to submerge completely" is mid-15th ... (25 of 54 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=overwhelm

whelm

First use: about 1300

Origin: probably from a parallel form of Old English -hwielfan (West Saxon), -hwelfan (Mercian), in ahwelfan "cover over"; probably ... (20 of 29 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=whelm

Merriam-Webster:

overwhelm

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English, from over + whelmen to turn over, cover up

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/overwhelm

whelm

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/whelm

New World Dictionary:

overwhelm

Origin: Middle English oferwhelmen: see "over-" and "whelm"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/overwhelm

whelm

Origin: Middle English welmen, whelmen: perhaps merging of Old English -hwelfan, to overwhelm, with helmian, to cover: see "helm"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/whelm

Wiktionary:

overwhelm | overwhelmed [past tense] | overwhelming [present participle] | overwhelms [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: over- + whelm, or rather Middle English whelmen.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/overwhelm

whelm | whelmed [past tense] | whelming [present participle] | whelms [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English whelmen ("to turn over, capsize; make an arch cover; experience a reversal"), akin to Middle English whelven ("to cover over, bury; invert; bring to ruin, to move by rolling"), akin to Old English ahwelfan, ... (36 of 74 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/whelm

American Heritage Dictionary:

whelm | whelmed [past tense] | whelming [present participle] | whelms [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English whelmen, to overturn, probably alteration (influenced by helmen, to cover) of whelven, from Old ... (16 of 24 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/whelm

Oxford Dictionary:

whelm

Origin: Middle English: representing an Old English form parallel to hwelfan "overturn (a vessel")

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/whelm

Collins Dictionary:

whelm

First use: 13th century

Origin: whelmen to turn over, of uncertain origin

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/whelm

Encarta Dictionary:

whelm | whelmed [past tense] | whelming [present participle] | whelms [3rd-person singular present]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Probably alteration of Old English āhwylfan "cover over, submerge", influenced by helmian "to cover"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861712623​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

whelm | whelmed [past tense] | whelming [present participle] | whelms [3rd-person singular present]

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "whelm"

Audio 2: "Whelm"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/whelm

Collins Dictionary:

overwhelm

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "overwhelm"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/overwhelm

whelm

Audio: British English pronunciation of "whelm"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/whelm

Macmillan American Dictionary:

overwhelm [transitive] | overwhelmed [past tense] | overwhelming [present participle] | overwhelms [3rd-person singular present]

Audio 1: North American pronunciation of "overwhelm"

Audio 2: North American pronunciation of "overwhelm"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/overwhelm

Macmillan British Dictionary:

overwhelm [transitive] | overwhelmed [past tense] | overwhelming [present participle] | overwhelms [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "overwhelm"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/overwhelm

Cambridge Dictionary:

overwhelm [entry 2]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "overwhelm"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "overwhelm"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/overwhelm 2

the Free Dictionary:

overwhelm

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "overwhelm"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "overwhelm"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "overwhelm" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/overwhelm

whelm

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "whelm"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "whelm"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "whelm" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/whelm

Google Dictionary:

overwhelm | overwhelmed [past tense] | overwhelming [present participle] | overwhelms [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "overwhelm"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=overwhelm

whelm | whelms [plural] | whelmed [past tense] | whelming [present participle]

Audio: English pronunciation of "whelm"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=whelm

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

overwhelm

Audio: North American pronunciation of "overwhelm"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=overwh​01 word=overwhelm

whelm

Audio: North American pronunciation of "whelm"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=whelm​001 word=whelm

YourDictionary Audio:

overwhelm

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "overwhelm" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/overwhelm

whelm

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "whelm" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/whelm

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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