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overtake (arouse)

Definition:

to overcome, as with emotions or perceptual stimuli

Class:

emotion verb (feeling)

Past tense:

overtook

Past participle:

overtaken

Present participle:

overtaking

3rd-person singular present:

overtakes

Type of:

arouse » make

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

"to come up to, to catch in pursuit", early 13th century (implied in past...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

All senses of overtake...

Definition references

Macmillan British Dictionary:

sweep over [transitive] | swept over [past tense] | sweeping over [present participle] | sweeps over [3rd-person singular present]

to suddenly affect someone very strongly (6 of 56 words, 1 usage example)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/sweep-over

Collins Dictionary:

whelm | overwhelm [sense-specific]

to engulf entirely with or as if with water | another word for "overwhelm" (13 of 206 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/whelm

Wiktionary:

whelm | whelmed [past tense] | whelming [present participle] | whelms [3rd-person singular present]

To cover; to submerge; to engulf; to bury. | To overcome with emotion. | [obsolete] To throw (something) over a thing so as to cover it. (24 of 157 words, 3 definitions, 7 usage examples, pronunciations)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/whelm

Merriam-Webster:

whelm | overwhelm [synonym, sense-specific] | crush [synonym, sense-specific] | devastate [synonym, sense-specific] | floor [synonym, sense-specific] | grind [synonym, sense-specific] | oppress [synonym, sense-specific] | overcome [synonym, sense-specific] | overmaster [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

to turn (as a dish or vessel) upside down usually to cover something; cover or engulf completely with usually disastrous effect | to overcome in ... (24 of 126 words, 3 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/whelm

Oxford Dictionary:

whelm

[archaic] : | engulf, submerge, or bury | well up or flow | an act or instance of flowing or heaping up abundantly; a surge (22 of 72 words, 4 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/whelm

American Heritage Dictionary:

whelm | whelmed [past tense] | whelming [present participle] | whelms [3rd-person singular present]

To cover with water; submerge. | To overwhelm. (7 of 40 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/whelm

New World Dictionary:

whelm

to submerge, cover, or engulf | to overpower or crush; overwhelm (10 of 31 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/whelm

Random House Dictionary:

whelm

to submerge; engulf. | to overcome utterly; overwhelm. | to roll or surge over something, as in becoming submerged. (17 of 29 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/whelm

Wikipedia:

OverPower

a collectible card game produced by Fleer Corporation originally featuring characters from Marvel Comics and later from DC Comics and Image Comics. The game was initially launched in August 1995 and is no longer in production. In the game, two players ... (41 of 3754 words)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Over​Power

Cambridge Dictionary:

overpower

to defeat someone by having greater strength or power | If a smell or feeling overpowers you, it's so strong that it makes you feel weak or ill (27 of 53 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/overpower

Columbia Encyclopedia:

transmission | clutch

in automobiles, system of parts connecting the engine to the wheels. Suitable torque, or turning force, is generated by the engine only within a ... (24 of 673 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0849282​.html

Britannica Encyclopedia:

clutch [machine component]

device for quickly and easily connecting or disconnecting a pair of rotatable coaxial shafts. Clutches are usually placed between the driving motor ... (22 of 222 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/122640​/clutch

Encarta Dictionary:

whelm | whelmed [past tense] | whelming [present participle] | whelms [3rd-person singular present]

to engulf or submerge something in water | to overpower or overburden somebody or something (14 of 58 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861712623​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

overtake

Origin: "to come up to, to catch in pursuit", early 13th century (implied in past participle ouer-token), from "over" + "take".

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=overtake

overcome

Origin: Old English ofer-cuman "to reach, overtake", also "to conquer, prevail over", from ofer "over" + cuman "to come". A common ... (20 of 93 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=overcome

Merriam-Webster:

overtake | overtook [past tense] | overtaken [past participle] | overtaking [present participle]

First use: 13th century

Origin: Middle English, from over + taken to take

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/overtake

overcome | overcame [past tense] | overcoming [present participle]

First use: before 12th century

Origin: Middle English, from Old English ofercuman, from ofer over + cuman to come

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/overcome

Wiktionary:

overtake | overtook [past tense] | overtaken [past participle] | overtaking [present participle] | overtakes [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: over- + take

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/overtake

over-

Origin: Middle English over-, from Old English ofer- ("over-"), from Proto-Germanic *ubar- ("over-"). Cognate with Dutch over-, German über-, Danish over-, Swedish över-. More at over.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/over-

take | takes [plural] | took [past tense] | taken [past participle] | taking [present participle]

Origin: Middle English taken ("to take, lay hold of, grasp, strike"), from Old English tacan ("to grasp, touch"), probably of North Germanic origin, from Old Norse taka ("to touch, take"), from Proto-Germanic *tēkaną ("to... (33 of 77 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/take

overcome | overcame [past tense] | overcoming [present participle] | overcomes [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English overcomen, from Old English ofercuman ("to overcome, subdue, compel, conquer, obtain, attain, reach, overtake"), corresponding to over- + come. Cognate with Dutch overkomen ("to overcome"), German ... (28 of 38 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/overcome

New World Dictionary:

overcome | overcame [past tense]

Origin: Middle English ouercomen from Old English ofercuman

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/overcome

Oxford Dictionary:

overcome | overcame [past tense]

Origin: Old English ofercuman (see "over-", "come")

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/overcome

Audio references

Wiktionary:

overtake | overtook [past tense] | overtaken [past participle] | overtaking [present participle] | overtakes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "overtake"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/overtake

overcome | overcame [past tense] | overcoming [present participle] | overcomes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "overcome"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/overcome

Collins Dictionary:

overtake

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "overtake"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/overtake

overcome

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "overcome"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/overcome

Macmillan British Dictionary:

overtake | overtook [past tense] | overtaken [past participle] | overtaking [present participle] | overtakes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "overtake"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/overtake

overcome [transitive] | overcame [past tense] | overcoming [present participle] | overcomes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "overcome"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/overcome

Cambridge Dictionary:

overtake [entry 1] | overtook [past tense] | overtaken [past participle]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "overtake"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "overtake"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/overtake 1

overcome [entry 2] | overcame [past tense]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "overcome"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "overcome"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/overcome 2

Macmillan American Dictionary:

overtake | overtook [past tense] | overtaken [past participle] | overtaking [present participle] | overtakes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "overtake"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/overtake

overcome [transitive] | overcame [past tense] | overcoming [present participle] | overcomes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "overcome"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/overcome

the Free Dictionary:

overtake

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "overtake"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "overtake"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "overtake" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/overtake

overcome

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "overcome"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "overcome"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "overcome" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/overcome

Google Dictionary:

overtake | overtook [past tense] | overtaken [past participle] | overtaking [present participle] | overtakes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "overtake"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=overtake

overcome | overcame [past tense] | overcoming [present participle] | overcomes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "overcome"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=overcome

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

overtake

Audio: North American pronunciation of "overtake"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=overta​01 word=overtake

overcome

Audio: North American pronunciation of "overcome"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=overco​02 word=overcome

YourDictionary Audio:

overtake

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "overtake" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/overtake

overcome

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "overcome" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/overcome

freedictionary.org:

overtake

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "overtake" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=overtake

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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