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ostracizing (exclude)

ostracizing is a present participle form of ostracize

ostracize (exclude)

Definition:

to avoid speaking to or dealing with

Class:

social verb (politics, social activities, events, etc.)

Related to:

ostracism

Past tense:

ostracized

Present participle:

ostracizing

3rd-person singular present:

ostracizes

Type of:

exclude » prevent

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Example:

boycott

Followed by:

avoid

Usage example:

Ever since I spoke up, my colleagues ostracize me

Synonyms:

ostracise [British spelling]

Etymology:

Greek ostrakizein, to exile by votes written on tiles or potsherds from...
(Source: New World Dictionary)  [more]

All senses of ostracizing...

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Ostracism

a procedure under the Athenian democracy in which any citizen could be expelled from the city-state of Athens for ten years. While some instances clearly expressed popular anger at the citizen, ostracism was often used preemptively. It was used as a... (41 of 3608 words, 2 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Ostracism

Collins Dictionary:

ostracize | ostracise | ostracism [noun, derived]

to exclude or banish (a person) from a particular group, society, etc | (in ancient Greece) to punish by temporary exile (20 of 327 words, 2 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/ostracize

Oxford Dictionary:

ostracize | ostracise

exclude from a society or group | [ancient Greece] banish (an unpopular or overly powerful citizen) from a city for five or ten years by popular vote (26 of 106 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/ostracize

Merriam-Webster:

ostracize | ostracized [past tense] | ostracizing [present participle] | ostracise [British]

to exile by ostracism | to exclude from a group by common consent (12 of 81 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/ostracize

Wiktionary:

ostracize | ostracized [past tense] | ostracizing [present participle] | ostracizes [3rd-person singular present] | ostracise [British] | ostracised [British, past tense] | ostracising [British, present participle] | ostracises [British, 3rd-person singular present]

To exclude (a person) from society or from a community, by not communicating with them or by refusing to acknowledge their presence; to refuse to talk to or associate with; to shun. (32 of 73 words, 3 usage examples)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/ostracize

Random House Dictionary:

ostracize | ostracized [past tense] | ostracizing [present participle] | ostracise [British, sense-specific]

to exclude, by general consent, from society, friendship, conversation, privileges, etc.. | to banish (a person) from his or her native country; ... (21 of 54 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/ostracize

Cambridge Dictionary:

ostracize | ostracise [British] | ostracism [noun, derived]

to avoid someone intentionally or to prevent them from taking part in the activities of a group (17 of 47 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/ostracize

Macmillan British Dictionary:

ostracize [transitive] | ostracized [past tense] | ostracizing [present participle] | ostracizes [3rd-person singular present] | ostracise [British spelling]

to stop accepting someone as a member of a group and refuse to talk or listen to them (18 of 47 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/ostracize

American Heritage Dictionary:

ostracize | ostracized [past tense] | ostracizing [present participle] | ostracizes [3rd-person singular present]

To exclude from a group. | To banish by ostracism, as in ancient Greece. (13 of 46 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ostracize

New World Dictionary:

ostracize | ostracized [past tense] | ostracizing [present participle]

to banish, bar, exclude, etc. by ostracism (7 of 36 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ostracize

Britannica Encyclopedia:

ostracism [ancient Greek politics]

political practice in ancient Athens whereby a prominent citizen who threatened the stability of the state could be banished without bringing any ... (22 of 251 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/434423​/ostracism

Columbia Encyclopedia:

ostracism

ancient Athenian method of banishing a public figure. It was introduced after the fall of the family of Pisistratus. Each year the assembly took a ... (25 of 165 words, pronunciation)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/history​/A​0837023​.html

Encarta Dictionary:

ostracize | ostracized [past tense] | ostracizing [present participle] | ostracizes [3rd-person singular present]

to banish or exclude somebody from society or from a particular group, either formally or informally | to banish somebody by a popular vote because ... (24 of 151 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861635667​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

New World Dictionary:

ostracize | ostracized [past tense] | ostracizing [present participle]

Origin: Greek ostrakizein, to exile by votes written on tiles or potsherds from ostrakon, a shell, potsherd, akin to osteon, bone: see "ossify"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ostracize

Oxford Dictionary:

ostracize | ostracise

First use: mid 17th century

Origin: Greek ostrakizein, from ostrakon "shell or potsherd" (on which names were written in voting to banish unpopular citizens)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/ostracize

American Heritage Dictionary:

ostracize | ostracized [past tense] | ostracizing [present participle] | ostracizes [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Greek ostrakizein, from ostrakon, shell, potsherd (from the potsherds used as ballots in voting for ostracism); see ost- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ostracize

Wiktionary:

ostracize | ostracized [past tense] | ostracizing [present participle] | ostracizes [3rd-person singular present] | ostracise [British]

Origin: Ancient Greek ὀστρακίζω (ostrakizō, "I ostracize, banish by voting with pot shards"), from ὄστρακον (ostrakon, "clay pot").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/ostracize

Collins Dictionary:

ostracize | ostracise

First use: 17th century

Origin: from Greek ostrakizein to select someone for banishment by voting on potsherds; see ostracon

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/ostracize

Merriam-Webster:

ostracize | ostracized [past tense] | ostracizing [present participle]

First use: 1649

Origin: Greek ostrakizein to banish by voting with potsherds, from ostrakon shell, potsherd

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/ostracize

Online Etymology:

ostracize

First use: 1640s

Origin: Greek ostrakizein.

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=ostracize

ostracism

First use: 1580s

Origin: a method of 10-year banishment in ancient Athens, by which the citizens gathered and wrote the names of men they deemed dangerous to the state on ... (27 of 108 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=ostracism

ostracise

Origin: British English spelling of "ostracize"; for suffix, see "-ize".

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=ostracise

Encarta Dictionary:

ostracize | ostracized [past tense] | ostracizing [present participle] | ostracizes [3rd-person singular present]

First use: Mid-19th century

Origin: Greek ostrakizein from ostrakon "shell, pottery fragment"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861635667​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Macmillan American Dictionary:

ostracize [transitive, formal] | ostracized [past tense] | ostracizing [present participle] | ostracizes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "ostracize"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/ostracize

Macmillan British Dictionary:

ostracize [transitive] | ostracized [past tense] | ostracizing [present participle] | ostracizes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "ostracize"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/ostracize

ostracise

Audio: British English pronunciation of "ostracise"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/ostracise

Cambridge Dictionary:

ostracize

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "ostracize"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "ostracize"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/ostracize

the Free Dictionary:

ostracize

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "ostracize"

Audio 2: North American English pronunciation of "ostracize" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/ostracize

ostracise

Audio: British English pronunciation of "ostracise"

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/ostracise

Google Dictionary:

ostracize | ostracized [past tense] | ostracised [past tense] | ostracising [present participle] | ostracizing [present participle] | ostracizes [3rd-person singular present] | ostracises [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "ostracize"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=ostracize

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

ostracize

Audio: North American pronunciation of "ostracize"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=ostrac​02 word=ostracize

YourDictionary Audio:

ostracize

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "ostracize" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ostracize

Collins Dictionary:

ostracise | ostracize

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "ostracise"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/ostracise

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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