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osteoarthritis

Definition:

chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age

Class:

state noun (stable states of affairs)

Plurals:

osteoarthritides | osteoarthritises

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

New Latin
(Source: Merriam-Webster)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Osteoarthritis | degenerative arthritis | degenerative joint disease | osteoarthrosis

a group of mechanical abnormalities involving degradation of joints, including articular cartilage and subchondral bone. Symptoms may include joint pain, tenderness, stiffness, locking, and sometimes an effusion. A variety of causes--hereditary, ... (32 of 5163 words, 10 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Osteoarthritis

Collins Dictionary:

osteoarthritis | degenerative joint disease [synonym] | osteoarthrosis

chronic inflammation of the joints, especially those that bear weight, with pain and stiffness (14 of 313 words, 6 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/osteoarthritis

Britannica Encyclopedia:

osteoarthritis [pathology] | osteoarthrosis [synonym] | degenerative joint disease [synonym]

disorder of the joints characterized by progressive deterioration of the articular cartilage. It's the most common joint disease, affecting more than ... (21 of 270 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/434262​/osteoarthritis

Oxford Dictionary:

osteoarthritis | osteoarthritic [derived]

Syllabification: (os·te·o·ar·thri·tis) | [medicine] | degeneration of joint cartilage and the underlying bone, most common from middle age onward. It ... (18 of 56 words, 3 definitions, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/osteoarthritis

osteoarthritis [medicine] | osteoarthritic [derived]

degeneration of joint cartilage and the underlying bone, most common from middle age onward. It causes pain and stiffness, especially in the hip, ... (23 of 55 words, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/osteoarthritis

Macmillan British Dictionary:

osteoarthritis [uncountable, medical]

a serious medical condition that affects the parts of your body where your bones join each other, for example your knees, making it difficult for you ... (26 of 53 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/osteoarthritis

Merriam-Webster:

osteoarthritis | osteoarthritic [adjective, related]

arthritis marked by degeneration of the cartilage and bone of joints (11 of 38 words, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/osteoarthritis

Random House Dictionary:

osteoarthritis [pathology] | degenerative joint disease [synonym]

the most common form of arthritis, usually occurring after middle age, marked by chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints leading to pain, ... (23 of 37 words, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/osteoarthritis

American Heritage Dictionary:

osteoarthritis | degenerative joint disease | osteoarthritic [adjective, related]

A form of arthritis, occurring mainly in older persons, that is characterized by chronic degeneration of the cartilage of the joints. (21 of 32 words, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/osteoarthritis

Wiktionary:

arthritis | arthritides [plural] | osteoarthritides [pathology, plural] | degenerative arthritis [pathology]

Inflammation of a joint or joints causing pain and/or disability, swelling and stiffness, and due to various causes such as infection, trauma, degenerative changes or metabolic disorders. (27 of 31 words, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/arthritis

New World Dictionary:

osteoarthritis | degenerative joint disease

a slowly progressive form of arthritis, found chiefly in older people, characterized by cartilage deterioration and bone enlargement (18 of 26 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/osteoarthritis

Cambridge Dictionary:

osteoarthritis

a disease which causes pain and stiffness in the joints (places where two bones are connected) (16 of 23 words, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/osteoarthritis

Columbia Encyclopedia:

arthritis

painful inflammation of a joint or joints of the body, usually producing heat and redness. There are many kinds of arthritis. In its various forms, ... (25 of 205 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0804872​.html

Encarta Dictionary:

osteoarthritis | degenerative joint disease [medicine]

a form of arthritis characterized by gradual loss of cartilage of the joints, usually affecting people after middle age (19 of 32 words, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861635637​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Merriam-Webster:

osteoarthritis

First use: 1878

Origin: New Latin

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/osteoarthritis

Wiktionary:

osteoarthritis [pathology] | osteoarthritides [plural]

Origin: osteo- + arthritis

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/osteoarthritis

osteo-

Origin: Combining form of Ancient Greek ὀστέον (osteon, "bone").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/osteo-

arthritis | arthritides [plural]

Origin: Latin, from Ancient Greek ἀρθρῖτις (arthritis, "joint-disease, gout"), from ἄρθρον (arthron, "a joint"). See also arthro- and -itis.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/arthritis

New World Dictionary:

osteoarthritis

Origin: "osteo-" + "arthritis"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/osteoarthritis

osteo-

Origin: Modern Latin from Greek osteon, a bone: see "ossify"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/osteo-prefix

arthritis

Origin: Latin from Greek from arthron (see "arthro-") + "-itis"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/arthritis

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

osteoarthritis

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "osteoarthritis"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "osteoarthritis"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/osteoarthritis

Macmillan British Dictionary:

osteoarthritis [uncountable, medical]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "osteoarthritis"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/osteoarthritis

Macmillan American Dictionary:

osteoarthritis [uncountable, medical]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "osteoarthritis"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/osteoarthritis

Cambridge Dictionary:

osteoarthritis

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "osteoarthritis"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "osteoarthritis"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/osteoarthritis

the Free Dictionary:

osteoarthritis

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "osteoarthritis"

Audio 2: North American English pronunciation of "osteoarthritis" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/osteoarthritis

Google Dictionary:

osteoarthritis

Audio: English pronunciation of "osteoarthritis"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=osteoarthritis

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

osteoarthritis

Audio: North American pronunciation of "osteoarthritis"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=osteoa​01 word=osteoarthritis

YourDictionary Audio:

osteoarthritis

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "osteoarthritis" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/osteoarthritis

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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