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mercury

noun

  1. (chemistry)  a heavy silvery toxic univalent and bivalent metallic element; the only metal that is liquid at ordinary temperatures
    Synonyms: atomic number 80, Hg [chemical formula], hydrargyrum, quicksilver. Topic: chemistry. Type...
  2. (temperature)  temperature measured by a mercury thermometer
    Type of: temperature

Mercury

noun

  1. (Roman mythology)  the messenger of Jupiter and god of commerce; counterpart of Greek Hermes
    Topic: Roman mythology. Type of: Roman deity
  2. (astronomy)  the smallest planet and the nearest to the sun
    Topic: astronomy. Type of: terrestrial planet. Type of: inferior planet. Member of: solar system

Etymology summary

Latin Mercurius "Mercury", the Roman god, originally a god of tradesmen and...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Mercury (element) | Hg | quicksilver | hydrargyrum

and atomic number 80. It's commonly known as quicksilver and was formerly named hydrargyrum. A heavy, silvery d-block element, mercury is the only metal that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and pressure; the only other element that is ... (40 of 7089 words, pronunciations, 15 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Mercury (element)

Mercury [disambiguation]

commonly refers to: Mercury (mythology), a Roman god who travelled between the worlds of gods, humans and the dead | Mercury (planet), the smallest planet and the nearest to the Sun, orbits the Sun in about 88 days | Mercury (element), a metallic... (41 of 990 words, 97 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Mercury

Britannica Encyclopedia:

mercury [Hg] | quicksilver [synonym]

chemical element, liquid metal of Group 12 of the periodic table. Properties, uses, and occurrence Table Of Contents Mercury was known in Egypt and ... (24 of 704 words, 7 images)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/375837​/mercury-Hg

mercury [plant] | Mercurialis [genus]

group of eight annual and perennial weedy flowering-plant species of the spurge family, native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa but naturalized in ... (23 of 100 words, 1 image)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/375833​/mercury

Mercury [planet]

the innermost planet of the solar system and the eighth in size and mass. Its closeness to the Sun and its smallness make it the most elusive of the ... (29 of 801 words, 19 images)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/375811​/Mercury

Mercury [space project]

any of the first series of manned spaceflights conducted by the United States. The series began with a suborbital flight about three weeks after the ... (25 of 314 words, 8 images)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/375884​/Mercury

Mercury [Roman god] | Mercurius [Latin]

in Roman religion, god of merchandise and merchants, commonly identified with the Greek Hermes, fleet-footed messenger of the gods. His worship was ... (22 of 125 words, 2 images)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/375807​/Mercury

Collins Dictionary:

mercury | mercuries [plural] | Mercury | quicksilver [synonym, sense-specific] | hydrargyrum [synonym, sense-specific] | dog's mercury [synonym, sense-specific]

a heavy silvery-white toxic liquid metallic element occurring principally ... | any plant of the euphorbiaceous genus "Mercurialis" | [archaic] a ... (19 of 507 words, 5 definitions, 9 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/mercury

Random House Dictionary:

mercury | mercuries [plural] | hydrargyrum | Mercury [sense-specific] | Good-King-Henry [synonym, sense-specific]

[chemistry] a heavy, silver-white, highly toxic metallic element, the only ... | [pharmacology] this metal as used in medicine, in the form of various ... (23 of 224 words, 8 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/mercury

American Heritage Dictionary:

mercury | Mercury | Hg [symbol, sense-specific] | quicksilver [symbol, sense-specific]

A silvery-white poisonous metallic element, liquid at room temperature and ... | Temperature | Any of several weedy plants of the genera "Mercurialis" ... (21 of 168 words, 5 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/mercury

New World Dictionary:

mercury | mercuries [plural] | Chenopodium bonus-henricus [species, sense-specific] | Mercurialis [genus, sense-specific]

[Roman mythology] the messenger of the gods, god of commerce, manual skill, ... | the eighth largest planet in the solar system and the one nearest to ... (26 of 166 words, 5 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/mercury

Merriam-Webster:

mercury | mercuries [plural] | Mercury [sense-specific] | quicksilver [sense-specific] | also [synonym, sense-specific]

"Mercury": a Roman god of commerce, eloquence, travel, cunning, and theft ... | a silver-white poisonous heavy metallic element that is liquid at ... (22 of 160 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/mercury

Oxford Dictionary:

Mercury | Mercurian [derived]

Syllabification: (Mer·cu·ry) | [Roman mythology] : the Roman god of eloquence, skill, trading, and thieving, herald and messenger of the gods, who was ... (22 of 196 words, 5 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/Mercury

Mercury [Roman mythology] | Mercurian [derived]

the Roman god of eloquence, skill, trading, and thieving, herald and messenger of the gods, who was identified with Hermes. | used in names of ... (24 of 160 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/Mercury

mercury [entry 1] | Hg [symbol] | quicksilver [synonym, sense-specific]

the chemical element of atomic number 80, a heavy silvery-white metal which is liquid at ordinary temperatures | the column of mercury in a ... (23 of 127 words, 3 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/mercury

mercury [entry 2]

a plant of a genus which includes dog's mercury.; Genus Mercurialis, family Euphorbiaceae (13 of 55 words, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/mercury--2

Wiktionary:

mercury | Hg [chemistry, symbol] | azoth [alchemy, synonym, sense-specific] | hydrargyrum [medical and sometimes chemical use, synonym, sense-specific] | quicksilver [non-technical, synonym, sense-specific] | Mercurialis annua [species, sense-specific]

A metal. A silvery-colored, toxic, metallic chemical element, liquid at room temperature, with atomic number 80 and symbol Hg. | [scientific, historical] One of the elemental principles formerly thought to be present in all metals. | The mercury as... (37 of 123 words, 7 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/mercury

Mercury | Mercuries [plural]

[Roman mythology] The Roman god associated with speed, sometimes used as a messenger. He wore winged sandals. Mercury corresponded to the Greek god Hermes. | [astronomy] The planet in the solar system with the closest orbit to the Sun, named after the ... (41 of 62 words, 4 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation, 1 image)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/Mercury

Columbia Encyclopedia:

mercury | quicksilver

metallic chemical element; atomic number 80; atomic weight 200.59; m.p. -38.842°C; boiling point 356.58°C; specific gravity 13.55 at 20°C; valence +1 ... (21 of 88 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0832757​.html

Mercury

in astronomy, nearest planet to the sun, at a mean distance of 36 million mi (58 million km); its period of revolution is 88 days. Mercury passes ... (27 of 382 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0832758​.html

Mercury

in Roman religion, god of commerce and messenger of the gods; identified with the Greek Hermes. He was honored at the Mercuralia, a festival held in ... (26 of 36 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/society​/A​0832759​.html

Macmillan British Dictionary:

mercury [uncountable, chemistry] | quicksilver [uncountable, outdated]

a silver liquid metal element that is used in thermometers (=pieces of equipment that measure temperature) (16 of 41 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/mercury

Cambridge Dictionary:

mercury [entry 1] | quicksilver

([dated] "quicksilver") a heavy silver-coloured metal which is liquid at ordinary temperatures (12 of 25 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/mercury 1

Mercury [entry 2]

the planet closest in distance to the Sun, before Venus (10 of 15 words, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/mercury 2

Encarta Dictionary:

mercury | mercuries [plural] | mercur- [affix] | Hg [chemical elements, symbol]

a poisonous heavy silver-white metallic element that is liquid at room ... | the mercury in a weather thermometer or barometer, or the air temperature ... (24 of 97 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861629355​/definition​.html  [offline]

Mercury

in Roman mythology, the god of commerce and rhetoric, who also acted as a ... | the smallest planet in the solar system and the one nearest the Sun (28 of 70 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861629356​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

Mercury

First use: mid-12th century

Origin: Latin Mercurius "Mercury", the Roman god, originally a god of tradesmen and thieves, from merx "merchandise"; or perhaps from Etruscan ... (22 of 94 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=mercury

New World Dictionary:

mercury | mercuries [plural]

Origin: Middle English from Medieval Latin mercurius from Latin, ... | Latin Mercurius, Mercury, of Etruscan originally (15 of 27 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/mercury

American Heritage Dictionary:

mercury

Origin: Middle English mercurie, from Medieval Latin mercurius, from Latin Mercurius, Mercury. | Middle English Mercurie, ... (14 of 20 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/mercury

Merriam-Webster:

mercury | mercuries [plural] | Mercury [sense-specific]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Latin Mercurius, Roman god and the planet | Middle English mercurie, from Medieval Latin mercurius, from Latin, the god

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/mercury

Collins Dictionary:

mercury | mercuries [plural] | Mercury

First use: 14th century

Origin: from Latin Mercurius messenger of Jupiter, god of commerce; related to merx merchandise

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/mercury

Columbia Encyclopedia:

mercury

Origin: mercury or quicksilver: from the Roman god Mercury | Hg: Latin hydrargyrum "liquid silver"

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0832757​.html

Oxford Dictionary:

Mercury

Origin: sense-specific: from Latin Mercurius, from merx, merc- "merchandise"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/Mercury

mercury [entry 1] | Hg [symbol]

Origin: Middle English: from Latin Mercurius (see "Mercury (...)")

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/mercury

mercury [entry 2]

First use: mid 16th century

Origin: the genus name, from Latin mercurialis "of the god Mercury"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/mercury--2

Wiktionary:

Mercury | Mercuries [plural]

Origin: Latin Mercurius.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/Mercury

mercury

Origin: Mercury.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/mercury

Encarta Dictionary:

Mercury

First use: 12th century

Origin: Latin Mercurius from merc- "merchandise"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861629356​/definition​.html  [offline]

mercury | mercuries [plural]

First use: 14th century

Origin: Latin Mercurius

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861629355​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

mercury

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "mercury"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/mercury

Mercury | Mercuries [plural]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "Mercury"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/Mercury

Collins Dictionary:

mercury | mercuries [plural] | Mercury

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "mercury"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/mercury

Macmillan British Dictionary:

mercury [uncountable, chemistry]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "mercury"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/mercury

Macmillan American Dictionary:

mercury [uncountable, chemistry]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "mercury"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/mercury

Cambridge Dictionary:

Mercury [entry 2]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "Mercury"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "Mercury"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/mercury 2

the Free Dictionary:

Mercury

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "Mercury"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "Mercury"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "Mercury" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/Mercury

Google Dictionary:

mercury | mercuries [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "mercury"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=mercury

Mercury

Audio: English pronunciation of "Mercury"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=Mercury

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

mercury

Audio: North American pronunciation of "mercury"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=mercur​09 word=mercury

YourDictionary Audio:

mercury

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "mercury" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/mercury

freedictionary.org:

mercury

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "mercury" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=mercury

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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