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martyr

noun

  1. (sufferer)  one who suffers for the sake of principle
    Synonyms: sufferer. Type of: victim
  2. (one who voluntarily)  one who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty for refusing to renounce their religion
    Type of: victim

verb

  1. (kill)  to kill as a martyr
    Type of: kill
  2. (torture)  to torture and torment like a martyr
    Synonyms: martyrise [British spelling], martyrize [American/Canadian spelling]. Type of: torture

Etymology summary

Old English, from Late Latin, from Greek martyr, earlier martys (genitive...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Martyr
(Died: The opponents kill the hero because of his or her commitment to the cause.)

somebody who suffers persecution and death for advocating, refusing to renounce, and/or refusing to advocate a belief or cause, usually a religious one. In its original meaning, the word martyr, meaning witness, was used in the secular sphere as well... (40 of 2661 words, 3 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Martyr

Martyr (disambiguation)

a person who is put to death or endures suffering because of a belief, principle, or cause. Martyr may also refer to: Martyrs (film), a 2008 French horror film | Martyrs (docudrama), a 2008 Canadian-Serbian feature docudrama film | Martyrs Bus Service,... (40 of 174 words, 14 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Martyr (disambiguation)

Britannica Encyclopedia:

martyr [religion]

one who voluntarily suffers death rather than deny his religion by words or deeds; such action is afforded special, institutionalized recognition in ... (22 of 922 words, 1 image)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/367142​/martyr

Collins Dictionary:

martyr | martyrization [derived] | martyrisation [noun, derived]

a person who suffers death rather than renounce his religious beliefs | a person who suffers greatly or dies for a cause, belief, etc | a person who ... (26 of 460 words, 6 definitions, 10 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/martyr

Wiktionary:

martyr | martyrs [plural] | martyred [past tense] | martyring [present participle] | shaheed [synonym, sense-specific] | shahid [synonym, sense-specific] | martyrize [synonym, sense-specific] | confessor [antonym, sense-specific]

One who willingly accepts being put to death for adhering openly to one's religious beliefs; notably, saints canonized after martyrdom. | One who sacrifices his or her life, station, or something of great personal value, for the sake of principle or to... (41 of 165 words, 7 definitions, 6 usage examples, pronunciations)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/martyr

Oxford Dictionary:

martyr | martyr to | martyrization [derived] | martyrize [derived]

a person who is killed because of their religious or other beliefs | a person who displays or exaggerates their discomfort or distress in order to ... (25 of 130 words, 5 definitions, 5 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/martyr

New World Dictionary:

martyr

any of those persons who choose to suffer or die rather than give up their ... | a person who suffers great pain or misery for a long time | a person ... (30 of 112 words, 5 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/martyr

Merriam-Webster:

martyr [entry 1, noun] | martyrization [noun, related] | martyrize [transitive verb, related]

a person who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty of witnessing to and refusing to renounce a religion | a person who sacrifices something of ... (24 of 101 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/martyr

martyr [entry 2, verb] | torture [synonym, sense-specific]

to put to death for adhering to a belief, faith, or profession | to inflict agonizing pain on; "torture" (18 of 41 words, 2 definitions)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/martyr show=1

American Heritage Dictionary:

martyr | martyred [past tense] | martyring [present participle] | martyrs [3rd-person singular present] | martyrize | martyrized [past tense] | martyrizing [present participle] | martyrizes [3rd-person singular present]

One who chooses to suffer death rather than renounce religious principles. | One who makes great sacrifices or suffers much in order to further a ... (24 of 97 words, 6 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/martyr

Random House Dictionary:

martyr

a person who willingly suffers death rather than renounce his or her religion. | a person who is put to death or endures great suffering on behalf of ... (27 of 93 words, 6 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/martyr

Cambridge Dictionary:

martyr [entry 1]

a person who suffers very much or is killed because of their political or religious beliefs, and is often admired because of it | [disapproving] ... (24 of 84 words, 2 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/martyr 1

martyr [entry 2]

to kill someone because of their religious or political beliefs (10 of 18 words, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/martyr 2

Macmillan British Dictionary:

martyr [countable] | martyrs [plural]

someone who suffers or is killed because of their religious or political beliefs | someone who suffers a lot, especially because of an illness ; used ... (25 of 72 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/martyr

martyr [transitive, verb] | martyred [past tense] | martyring [present participle] | martyrs [3rd-person singular present]

to kill someone or make them suffer because of their religious or political beliefs (14 of 43 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/martyr 9

Encarta Dictionary:

martyr | martyrs [plural] | martyred [past tense] | martyring [present participle]

somebody who chooses to die rather than deny a strongly held belief, especially a religious belief | somebody who makes sacrifices or suffers greatly ... (23 of 143 words, 6 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861628566​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

martyr

Origin: Old English, from Late Latin, from Greek martyr, earlier martys (genitive martyros) in Christian use "martyr", literally ... (17 of 67 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=martyr

New World Dictionary:

martyr

Origin: Middle English martir from Old English from ecclesiastical Late Latin from Greek martyr, martys, a witness (Late GreekEc, martyr) ... (19 of 34 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/martyr

Wiktionary:

martyr | martyrs [plural] | martyred [past tense] | martyring [present participle]

Origin: Middle English, from Old English, itself from Ecclesiastical Latin martyr, from Ancient Greek μάρτυρ (martyr), later form of μάρτυς (martus, "witness").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/martyr

American Heritage Dictionary:

martyr | martyred [past tense] | martyring [present participle] | martyrs [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English, from Old English, from Late Latin, from Late Greek martur, from Greek martus, martur-, witness.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/martyr

Oxford Dictionary:

martyr | martyr to

Origin: Old English martir, via ecclesiastical Latin from Greek martur "witness" (in Christian use, "martyr")

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/martyr

Collins Dictionary:

martyr

Origin: Old English martir, from Church Latin martyr, from Late Greek martur-, martus witness

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/martyr

Merriam-Webster:

martyr [entry 1, noun]

First use: before 12th century

Origin: Middle English, from Old English, from Late Latin, from Greek martyr-, martys witness

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/martyr

Encarta Dictionary:

martyr | martyrs [plural] | martyred [past tense] | martyring [present participle]

First use: Pre-12th century

Origin: ecclesiastical Latin from Greek martur "witness"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861628566​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Wiktionary:

martyr | martyrs [plural] | martyred [past tense] | martyring [present participle]

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "martyr"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/martyr

Collins Dictionary:

martyr

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "martyr"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/martyr

Cambridge Dictionary:

martyr [entry 1]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "martyr"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "martyr"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/martyr 1

Macmillan British Dictionary:

martyr [countable] | martyrs [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "martyr"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/martyr

martyr [transitive, verb] | martyred [past tense] | martyring [present participle] | martyrs [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "martyr"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/martyr 9

Macmillan American Dictionary:

martyr [countable] | martyrs [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "martyr"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/martyr

martyr [transitive, verb] | martyred [past tense] | martyring [present participle] | martyrs [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "martyr"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/martyr 9

the Free Dictionary:

martyr

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "martyr"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "martyr"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "martyr" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/martyr

Google Dictionary:

martyr | martyrs [plural] | martyred [past tense] | martyring [present participle]

Audio: English pronunciation of "martyr"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=martyr

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

martyr

Audio: North American pronunciation of "martyr"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=martyr​01 word=martyr

YourDictionary Audio:

martyr

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "martyr" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/martyr

freedictionary.org:

martyr

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "martyr" by speech synthesizer

freedictionary​.org​/ Query=martyr

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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