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mannitol

Definition:

a diuretic used to promote the excretion of urine

Class:

artifact noun (man-made objects)

Plural:

mannitols

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Synonyms:

C6H8(OH)6 [chemical formula] | mannite | Osmitrol [trade name]

Etymology:

mannite (from "manna" + "-ite1"), in the same sense, + "-ol"
(Source: Oxford Dictionary)  [more]

Definition references

Wikipedia:

Mannitol | mannite | manna sugar | C6H14O6  [chemical formula]

a white, crystalline solid with the chemical formula. It's mainly used to produce tablets of medicine. It was originally isolated from the secretions of the flowering ash and called manna after its resemblance to the Biblical food. It's also referred... (40 of 2692 words, 1 image)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Mannitol

Collins Dictionary:

mannitol | mannite | C6H14O6 [chemical formula]

a white crystalline water-soluble sweet-tasting alcohol, found in plants and used in diet sweets and as a dietary supplement (E421). (20 of 220 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/mannitol

Random House Dictionary:

mannitol | manna sugar | mannite

[chemistry] a white, crystalline, sweetish, water-soluble, carbohydrate ... | [pharmacology] the substance used as an osmotic diuretic to reduce ... (18 of 72 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/mannitol

Oxford Dictionary:

mannitol | CH2OH(CHOH)4CH2OH [chemical formula, sense-specific]

Syllabification: (man·ni·tol) | [chemistry] | a colorless sweet-tasting crystalline compound that is found in many plants and is used in various foods ... (20 of 58 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/mannitol

mannitol [chemistry] | CH2OH(CHOH)4CH2OH [chemical formula]

a colourless sweet-tasting crystalline alcohol which is found in many plants and is used in various foods and medical products (20 of 57 words, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/mannitol

Merriam-Webster:

mannitol | C6H14O6 [chemical formula] | mannite [mannitol]

a slightly sweet crystalline alcohol .. found in many plants and used especially as a diuretic and in testing kidney function (21 of 36 words, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/mannitol

American Heritage Dictionary:

mannitol | C6H8(OH)6 [chemical formula]

A white, crystalline, water-soluble, slightly sweet alcohol, ..., used as a dietary supplement and dietetic sweetener and in medical tests of renal ... (22 of 31 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/mannitol

New World Dictionary:

mannitol | C6H8(OH)6 [chemical formula]

a colorless, crystalline sugar alcohol, ..., occurring in various plants and animals (12 of 20 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/mannitol

Wiktionary:

mannitol [organic chemistry] | E421 when used as a sweetener [synonym] | mannite [outdated, organic chemistry] | mannitols [plural]

a polyhydroxy alcohol, an isomer of sorbitol, used as an artificial sweetener (12 of 15 words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/mannitol

Britannica Encyclopedia:

diuretic [pharmacology]

any drug that increases the flow of urine. Diuretics promote the removal from the body of excess water, salts, poisons, and accumulated metabolic ... (23 of 239 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/166351​/diuretic

Columbia Encyclopedia:

diuretic

drug used to increase urine formation and output. Diuretics are prescribed for the treatment of edema (the accumulation of excess fluids in the ... (23 of 90 words, pronunciation)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/sci​/A​0815659​.html

Macmillan British Dictionary:

diuretic [countable, medical] | diuretics [plural]

a substance that makes your body produce more urine (9 of 44 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/diuretic

Cambridge Dictionary:

diuretic [specialized]

a substance which causes an increase in the production of urine (11 of 21 words, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/diuretic

Encarta Dictionary:

mannitol | mannite

a sweet white alcohol found in many plants. Source: mannose. Use: sweetener. (12 of 35 words, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861628237​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Oxford Dictionary:

mannitol [chemistry]

First use: late 19th century

Origin: mannite (from "manna" + "-ite1"), in the same sense, + "-ol"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/mannitol

mannitol

First use: late 19th century

Origin: mannite, in the same sense, + "-ol"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/mannitol

Collins Dictionary:

mannitol | mannite

Origin: from mannose + -ite2 + -ol1

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/mannitol

Merriam-Webster:

mannitol

First use: 1879

Origin: International Scientific Vocabulary

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/mannitol

mannite

First use: 1827

Origin: French, from manna, from Late Latin

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/mannite

American Heritage Dictionary:

mannitol

Origin: "mannite" + "-ol" [entry 1].

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/mannitol

mannite

Origin: "manna" + "-ite" [entry 1].

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/mannite

New World Dictionary:

mannitol

Origin: "mannite" + "-ol"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/mannitol

mannite

Origin: manna + "-ite"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/mannite

-ol

Origin: alcohol

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ol-suffix

-ite

Origin: French, arbitrary alteration of -ate, "-ate" | Middle English from Old French or Latin or Greek: Old French -ite from Latin -ita, ... (21 of 34 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ite-suffix

Wiktionary:

mannitol [organic chemistry]

Origin: mannose + -itol

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/mannitol

Encarta Dictionary:

mannitol

Origin: Late 19th century from manna

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861628237​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

mannitol | mannite

Audio: British English pronunciation of "mannitol"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/mannitol

mannite | mannitol

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "mannite"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "mannite"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/mannite

the Free Dictionary:

mannitol

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "mannitol"

Audio 2: North American English pronunciation of "mannitol" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/mannitol

mannite

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "mannite"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "mannite"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "mannite" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/mannite

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

mannitol

Audio: North American pronunciation of "mannitol"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=mannit​02 word=mannitol

mannite

Audio: North American pronunciation of "mannite"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=mannit​01 word=mannite

YourDictionary Audio:

mannitol

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "mannitol" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/mannitol

mannite

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "mannite" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/mannite

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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