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a division comprising the lichens which grow symbiotically with algae; sometimes treated as an independent group more or less coordinate with algae and fungi


plant noun (plants and fungi)


(* Lichenes may be used in a singular or plural context)

Member of:


Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Definition references  (+images)


Lichen | Lichens | mycobiont | photobiont | phycobiont

composite organisms consisting of a fungus and a photosynthetic partner growing together in a symbiotic relationship. The photobiont is usually either a green alga or cyanobacterium. The morphology, physiology and biochemistry of lichens are very ... (35 of 6642 words, pronunciations, 27 images)


Columbia Encyclopedia:

Fungi | bracket fungi

kingdom of heterotrophic single-celled, multinucleated, or multicellular organisms, including yeasts, molds, and mushrooms. The organisms live as ... (17 of 364 words, pronunciation)


Random House Dictionary:

fungi | Fungi | fungi- | Fungi: Mycota [synonym, sense-specific]

a plural of "fungus". | "Fungi" : [plural, biology] : a taxonomic kingdom, or in some classification schemes a division of the kingdom Plantae, ... (23 of 60 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciations)




A taxonomic kingdom within the domain Eukaryota -- the mushrooms and funguses - over 100,000 species of organisms that are similar to plants but do not contain chlorophyll. (27 of 29 words)


Britannica Encyclopedia:

division [military unit]

in modern military organizations, the smallest formation that comprises a balanced team of all the arms and services needed for the independent ... (22 of 352 words)


Collins Dictionary:

phylum | phyla [plural]

a major taxonomic division of living organisms that contain one or more ... | any analogous group, such as a group of related language families or ... (25 of 297 words, 2 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciations)



phylum | phyla [plural]

a direct line of descent within a group ; a group that constitutes or has ... | a group of languages related more remotely than those of a family or ... (29 of 95 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)


Oxford Dictionary:

phylum [zoology] | phyla [plural]

a principal taxonomic category that ranks above class and below kingdom, equivalent to the division in botany. | [linguistics] : a group of languages ... (23 of 74 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)


phylum | phyla [plural]

Syllabification: (phy¬∑lum) | [zoology] | a principal taxonomic category that ranks above class and below kingdom. | [linguistics] : a group of ... (19 of 71 words, 4 definitions, pronunciations)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/phylum

New World Dictionary:

phylum | phyla [plural]

a major category in the classification of living organisms, especially ... | a language stock ; [loosely] a language family (19 of 68 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)


American Heritage Dictionary:

phylum | phyla [plural]

[biology] A primary division of a kingdom, as of the animal kingdom, ranking next above a class in size. | [linguistics] A large division of possibly ... (25 of 56 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)


Macmillan British Dictionary:

phylum [countable, science] | phyla [plural]

one of the groups that scientists divide animals into. It consists of several classes. (14 of 40 words, pronunciation)


Cambridge Dictionary:

phylum [specialized]

a main division in a taxonomic (scientific naming and organization system) relating to animals (14 of 38 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)


Encarta Dictionary:

phylum | phyla [plural]

a major taxonomic group into which animals are divided, made up of several classes | a large group of languages or language stocks thought to be ... (25 of 63 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861725900​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio reference

the Free Dictionary:


Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "Lichenes"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "Lichenes"


Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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