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kindred (social group)

Definition:

group of people related by blood or marriage

Class:

group noun (groupings of people and objects)

Plurals:

kindred* | kindreds
(* kindred may be used in a singular or plural context)

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

Middle English kindrede, alteration (with epenthetic d) of kinrede, cünreden...
(Source: Wiktionary)  [more]

All senses of kindred...

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Family

a group of people affiliated by consanguinity, affinity, or co-residence. In most societies it's the principal institution for the socialization of children. Anthropologists most generally classify family organization as matrilocal; conjugal; and ... (32 of 5713 words, 8 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Family

Oxford Dictionary:

kinship group

Syllabification: (kin·ship group) | [anthropology] | a family, clan, or other group based on kinship. (13 of 34 words, 3 definitions)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/american english​/kinship-group

kinship group [anthropology]

a family, clan, or other group based on kinship (9 of 30 words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/kinship-group

Britannica Encyclopedia:

clan [kinship group]

kin group used as an organizational device in many traditional societies. Membership in a clan is traditionally defined in terms of descent from a ... (24 of 206 words, 1 image)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/119660​/clan

Collins Dictionary:

clan

a group of people interrelated by ancestry or marriage | a group of families with a common surname and a common ancestor, acknowledging the same ... (24 of 559 words, 3 definitions, 9 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/clan

Columbia Encyclopedia:

clan | moiety | phratry | sib

social group based on actual or alleged unilineal descent from a common ancestor. Such groups have been known in all parts of the world and include ... (26 of 215 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/society​/A​0812383​.html

Merriam-Webster:

clan | family [synonym, sense-specific] | body [synonym, sense-specific] | bunch [synonym, sense-specific] | circle [synonym, sense-specific] | gang [synonym, sense-specific] | clique [synonym, sense-specific] | community [synonym, sense-specific] | coterie [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

a Celtic group especially in the Scottish Highlands comprising a number of ... | a group united by a common interest or common characteristics (23 of 172 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/clan

Random House Dictionary:

clan

a group of families or households, as among the Scottish Highlanders, the heads of which claim descent from a common ancestor. | a group of people of ... (26 of 111 words, 4 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/clan

New World Dictionary:

clan

an early form of social group, as in the Scottish Highlands, composed of ... | in certain primitive societies, a tribal division, usually exogamous, ... (23 of 78 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/clan

American Heritage Dictionary:

clan

A traditional social unit in the Scottish Highlands, consisting of a number ... | A division of a tribe tracing descent from a common ancestor. | A ... (25 of 69 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/clan

Wiktionary:

clan | clans [plural]

[anthropology] A group of people all descended from a common ancestor, in fact or belief. | A traditional social group of families in the Scottish Highlands having a common hereditary chieftain | Any association of people behaving clannishly. | [video ... (37 of 63 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/clan

Macmillan British Dictionary:

clan [countable] | clans [plural]

a large group of families that are related to each other, especially in Scotland ; [informal] a big family | [informal] a group of people who share an ... (27 of 56 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/clan

Cambridge Dictionary:

clan

a group of families, especially in Scotland, who originally came from the same family and have the same name | [informal] a large family, or a group ... (26 of 52 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/clan

Encarta Dictionary:

clan | clans [plural]

a group of families related through a common ancestor or marriage | a group of people who are all members of a particular family (informal) | a group ... (26 of 97 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861597592​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Wiktionary:

kindred | kindreds [plural]

Origin: Middle English kindrede, alteration (with epenthetic d) of kinrede, cünreden ("kindred"), from Old English cynrēd, cynrǣden ("kindred, family, generation, posterity, stock, species"), from cynn... (24 of 41 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/kindred

Online Etymology:

kindred

First use: about 1200

Origin: kinraden, compound of "kin" + -rede, from Old English ræden "condition, rule", related to rædan "to advise, rule". With ... (21 of 36 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=kindred

American Heritage Dictionary:

kindred

Origin: Middle English kinrede, kindrede, from Late Old English cynrēde: cyn, kin; see genə- in Indo-European roots ... (16 of 29 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/kindred

Oxford Dictionary:

kindred

Origin: Middle English: from "kin" + -red (from Old English rǣden "condition"), with insertion of -d- in the modern spelling through ... (20 of 24 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/kindred

New World Dictionary:

kindred

Origin: with intrusive -d- from Middle English kinreden from Old English cynn, "kin" + ræden, state, condition, akin to rædan, "read"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/kindred

Collins Dictionary:

kindred

First use: 12th century

Origin: kinred, from kin + -red, from Old English rǣden rule, from rǣdan to rule

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/kindred

Merriam-Webster:

kindred [entry 1, noun]

First use: 12th century

Origin: Middle English, from kin + Old English rǣden condition, from rǣdan to advise, read

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/kindred

Encarta Dictionary:

kindred | kindreds [plural]

First use: 12th century

Origin: kin + Old English rǣden "condition"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861624087​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

kindred

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "kindred"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/kindred

Macmillan British Dictionary:

kindred [formal]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "kindred"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/kindred

kindred [uncountable, formal, noun]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "kindred"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/kindred 5

Macmillan American Dictionary:

kindred [formal]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "kindred"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/kindred

kindred [uncountable, formal, noun]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "kindred"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/kindred 5

the Free Dictionary:

kindred

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "kindred"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "kindred"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "kindred" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/kindred

Google Dictionary:

kindred

Audio: English pronunciation of "kindred"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=kindred

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

kindred

Audio: North American pronunciation of "kindred"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=kindre​01 word=kindred

YourDictionary Audio:

kindred

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "kindred" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/kindred

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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