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ironic (incongruous)

Definition:

characterized by often poignant difference or incongruity between what is expected and what actually is

Class:

adjective (modifies a noun)

Related to:

irony

Comparative:

more ironic

Superlative:

most ironic

Similar to:

incongruous

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Usage example:

madness, an ironic fate for such a clear thinker

Synonyms:

ironical

Etymology:

French ironique or late Latin ironicus, from Greek eirōnikos "dissembling,...
(Source: Oxford Dictionary)  [more]

All senses of ironic...

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Irony | verbal | dramatic | situational

a rhetorical device, literary technique, or event characterized by an incongruity, or contrast, between reality and appearance. The term may be further defined into several categories, among which are: verbal, dramatic, and situational. Verbal Irony is... (36 of 6168 words, 2 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Irony

Collins Dictionary:

ironic | ironical | ironicalness [noun, derived]

of, characterized by, or using irony (6 of 425 words, 9 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/ironic

American Heritage Dictionary:

ironic | ironical [sense-specific] | ironically [adverb, related] | ironicalness [noun, related]

Characterized by or constituting irony. | Given to the use of irony. | Poignantly contrary to what was expected or intended (19 of 205 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ironic

Oxford Dictionary:

ironic | ironical [derived]

using or characterized by irony | happening in a way contrary to what is expected, and typically causing wry amusement because of this (22 of 97 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/ironic

Merriam-Webster:

ironic | ironical | ironicalness [noun, related]

relating to, containing, or constituting irony | given to irony (9 of 90 words, 2 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/ironic

Macmillan British Dictionary:

ironic | ironical

[linguistics] expressing the opposite of what you really think, especially in order to be humorous | an ironic event or situation is interesting and ... (23 of 84 words, 2 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/ironic

Cambridge Dictionary:

ironic | ironical | ironically [adverb, derived]

interesting, strange or funny because of being very different from what you would usually expect | showing that you really mean the opposite of what ... (24 of 61 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/ironic

New World Dictionary:

ironic | ironical [sense-specific] | ironically [adverb, related]

meaning the contrary of what is expressed | using, or given to the use of, irony | having the quality of irony; directly opposite to what is or might ... (27 of 54 words, 4 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ironic

Random House Dictionary:

ironic | ironical [sense-specific]

containing or exemplifying irony. | ironical | coincidental; unexpected. (7 of 35 words, 3 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/ironic

Wiktionary:

ironic | ironick [obsolete, rare, sense-specific] | ironical [synonym, sense-specific] | sarcastic [synonym, sense-specific]

Characterized by or constituting (any kind of) irony. | Given to the use of irony; sarcastic. (15 of 31 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/ironic

Britannica Encyclopedia:

irony [linguistic and literary device]

language device, either in spoken or written form in which the real meaning is concealed or contradicted by the literal meanings of the words or in a ... (27 of 378 words)

www​.britannica​.com​/E​Bchecked​/topic​/294609​/irony

Columbia Encyclopedia:

irony

figure of speech in which what is stated is not what is meant. The user of irony assumes that his reader or listener understands the concealed meaning ... (27 of 151 words)

www​.infoplease​.com​/ce​6​/ent​/A​0825510​.html

Encarta Dictionary:

ironic | ironical | ironicalness [noun, derived]

deliberately stating the opposite of the truth, usually with the intention or result of being amusing | involving a surprising or apparently ... (21 of 156 words, 2 definitions, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861622427​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Oxford Dictionary:

ironic

First use: mid 17th century

Origin: French ironique or late Latin ironicus, from Greek eirōnikos "dissembling, feigning ignorance", from eirōneia (see "irony1")

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/ironic

Online Etymology:

ironic

First use: 1620s

Origin: Latin ironicus, from Greek eironikos, from eironeia.

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=ironic

Wiktionary:

ironic

Origin: irony + -ic

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/ironic

irony

Origin: First attested in 1502. From Latin īrōnīa (perhaps via Middle French ironie), from Ancient Greek εἰρωνεία (eirōneia, "irony, pretext"), from εἴρων (eirōn, "one who feigns ignorance"). |... (26 of 28 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/irony

-ic

Origin: French -ique, from Latin -icus, from Proto-Indo-European *-ikos, *-iḱos, formed with the i-stem suffix *-i- and the adjectival suffix *-ko-. Cognates include Ancient Greek -ικός (-ikos),... (26 of 37 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/-ic

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

ironic | ironical

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "ironic"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/ironic

Macmillan British Dictionary:

ironic

Audio 1: British English pronunciation of "ironic"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of ironical

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/ironic

Macmillan American Dictionary:

ironic

Audio 1: North American pronunciation of "ironic"

Audio 2: North American pronunciation of "ironical"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/ironic

Cambridge Dictionary:

ironic

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "ironic"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "ironic"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/ironic

the Free Dictionary:

ironic

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "ironic"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "ironic"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "ironic" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/ironic

Ironical

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "Ironical"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "Ironical"

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/Ironical

Google Dictionary:

ironic

Audio: English pronunciation of "ironic"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=ironic

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

ironic

Audio: North American pronunciation of "ironic"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=ironic​01 word=ironic

ironical

Audio: North American pronunciation of "ironical"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=ironic​02 word=ironical

YourDictionary Audio:

ironic

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "ironic" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ironic

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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