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ingrained

verb

  1. (penetrate)  to thoroughly work in
    Synonyms: engrain, grain. Type of: penetrate
  2. (affect)  to produce or try to produce a vivid impression of
    Synonyms: engrain, impress, instil, instill. Type of: affect

adjective

Etymology summary

from the phrase dyed in grain dyed with kermes through the fibre
(Source: Collins Dictionary)  [more]

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

ingrained | engrained | ingrain | engrain | utter [synonym, sense-specific] | instil [synonym, sense-specific] | ingrainedly [derived] | engrainedly [derived]

deeply impressed or instilled | [prenominal] complete or inveterate; utter | (especially of dirt) worked into or through the fibre, grain, pores, etc ... (21 of 490 words, 9 definitions, 11 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/ingrained

ingrain | engrain | ingrained [sense-specific] | instil [synonym, sense-specific]

to impress deeply on the mind or nature; instil | [archaic] to dye into the fibre of (a fabric) | variants of "ingrained" | (of woven or knitted ... (25 of 316 words, 6 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/ingrain

Merriam-Webster:

ingrained | engrained | deep-seated [synonym, sense-specific] | built-in [synonym, sense-specific] | constitutional [synonym, sense-specific] | constitutive [synonym, sense-specific] | essential [synonym, sense-specific] | hardwired [synonym, sense-specific] | immanent [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

worked into the grain or fiber | forming a part of the essence or inmost being; "deep-seated" (16 of 131 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/ingrained

ingrain [entry 1, verb] | engrain | endue [synonym] | imbue [synonym] | inculcate [synonym] | infuse [synonym] | inoculate [synonym] | invest [synonym] | steep [synonym] | ...

to work indelibly into the natural texture or mental or moral constitution (12 of 124 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciations)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/ingrain

ingrain [entry 2, adjective] | innate [synonym, sense-specific] | built-in [synonym, sense-specific] | constitutional [synonym, sense-specific] | constitutive [synonym, sense-specific] | essential [synonym, sense-specific] | hardwired [synonym, sense-specific] | immanent [synonym, sense-specific] | inborn [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

made of fiber that is dyed before being spun into yarn ; made of yarn that is dyed before being woven or knitted | thoroughly worked in; "innate" (27 of 115 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/ingrain show=1

ingrain [entry 3, noun]

innate quality or character (4 of 15 words, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/ingrain show=2

Oxford Dictionary:

ingrained | engrained

(of a habit, belief, or attitude) firmly fixed or established; difficult to change | (of dirt or a stain) deeply embedded and thus difficult to remove (25 of 62 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/ingrained

ingrain | engrain

firmly fix or establish (a habit, belief, or attitude) in a person | (of a textile) composed of fibres which have been dyed different colours before ... (25 of 101 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/ingrain

Macmillan British Dictionary:

ingrained

an ingrained attitude, belief, or habit has existed for a long time and cannot easily be changed | ingrained dirt is under the surface, so that it's ... (26 of 52 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/ingrained

Cambridge Dictionary:

ingrained [entry 1]

(of beliefs) so firmly held that they are not likely to change (12 of 38 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/ingrained 1

ingrained [entry 2]

Ingrained dirt has got under the surface of something and is difficult to remove (14 of 28 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/ingrained 2

American Heritage Dictionary:

ingrained

Firmly established; deep-seated | Worked deeply into the texture or fiber (10 of 27 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ingrained

ingrain | ingrained [past tense] | ingraining [present participle] | ingrains [3rd-person singular present] | engrained [past tense] | engraining [present participle] | engrains [3rd-person singular present]

To fix deeply or indelibly, as in the mind | [archaic] To dye or stain into the fiber of. | Deep-seated; ingrained. | Made of predyed fibers; ... (24 of 87 words, 7 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ingrain

Random House Dictionary:

ingrained | engrained [sense-specific]

firmly fixed; deep-rooted; inveterate. | wrought into or through the grain or fiber. (12 of 23 words, 2 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/ingrained

ingrain | engrain [sense-specific]

to implant or fix deeply and firmly, as in the nature or mind. | ingrained; firmly fixed. | (of fiber or yarn) dyed in a raw state, before being woven ... (28 of 88 words, 7 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/ingrain

Wiktionary:

ingrained

Being an element; present in the essence of a thing | Fixed, established | simple past tense and past participle of ingrain (20 of 22 words, 3 definitions)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/ingrained

ingrain | ingrained [past tense] | ingraining [present participle] | ingrains [3rd-person singular present] | breed in the bone [synonym] | engrain | engrained [past tense] | engraining [present participle] | engrains [3rd-person singular present]

To make something deeply part of something else, either literally or figuratively. (12 of 16 words, 2 usage examples)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/ingrain

New World Dictionary:

ingrained

worked into the fiber ; firmly fixed or established | inveterate; thoroughgoing (11 of 18 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ingrained

ingrain

to dye in the fiber before manufacture | to work into the fiber; infuse deeply: chiefly in a figurative sense, and in the past participle | dyed in ... (26 of 68 words, 6 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ingrain

Wikipedia:

Ingrain wallpaper | Ingrain | wood-chip | wallpaper

a decorating material. It consists of two layers of paper with wood fibre in between; different kinds of ingrain wallpaper are distinguished by the size and form of the fibre pieces. Ingrain wallpaper was invented by German pharmacist Hugo Erfurt in... (41 of 280 words, 1 image)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Ingrain wallpaper

Encarta Dictionary:

ingrained | ingrainedly [adverb, derived] | ingrainedness [noun, derived]

worked into the surface, pores, or fibers of something and very difficult to remove | firmly fixed in somebody's mind and only removed or challenged ... (24 of 72 words, 3 definitions, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861621267​/definition​.html  [offline]

ingrain | ingrains [plural] | engrains [plural] | ingrained [past tense] | engrained [past tense] | ingraining [present participle] | engraining [present participle] | engrain

to impress a feeling, belief, or experience firmly and indelibly in somebody's mind (usually passive) | Same as ingrained (sense 1) | dyed before ... (22 of 142 words, 5 definitions, pronunciations)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861621266​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Collins Dictionary:

ingrained | engrained | ingrain | engrain

First use: 18th century

Origin: from the phrase dyed in grain dyed with kermes through the fibre

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/ingrained

Wiktionary:

ingrained

Origin: ingrain + -ed

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/ingrained

-ed

Origin: Old English -ode, -odon ("class 2 weak past"), from Proto-Germanic *-ōd-, *-ōdēd-. | Old English -od ("class 2 weak past participle"), from Proto-Germanic *-ōdaz. | Old English -od ("adjective... (27 of 59 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/-ed

Oxford Dictionary:

ingrain | engrain

Origin: late Middle English (originally as engrain in the sense "dye with cochineal or in fast colours"): from "en-1", "in-2" (as ... (20 of 41 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/ingrain

New World Dictionary:

ingrain

Origin: Middle English engreinen from Old French engrainer, to dye scarlet from en- (see "en-") + graine, seed, cochineal dye; ... (19 of 29 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ingrain

Online Etymology:

ingrain

First use: 1766

Origin: see "engrain". Figurative use, of qualities, habits, and so on..., attested from 1851 (in ingrained).

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=ingrain

American Heritage Dictionary:

ingrain | ingrained [past tense] | ingraining [present participle] | ingrains [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Variant of "engrain".

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ingrain

engrain | engrained [past tense] | engraining [present participle] | engrains [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Middle English engreinen, to dye with cochineal or kermes, from Old French engrainer: en-, causative prefix; see ... (17 of 24 etymology words)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/engrain

Encarta Dictionary:

ingrain | ingrains [plural] | engrains [plural] | ingrained [past tense] | engrained [past tense] | ingraining [present participle] | engraining [present participle]

First use: 15th century

Origin: in [entry 1] + grain in the archaic sense "cochineal, dye"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861621266​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

ingrained | engrained | ingrain | engrain

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "ingrained"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of ""

Audio 3: British English pronunciation of ""

Audio 4: British English pronunciation of "ingrained"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/ingrained

Macmillan British Dictionary:

ingrained

Audio: British English pronunciation of "ingrained"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/ingrained

Macmillan American Dictionary:

ingrained

Audio: North American pronunciation of "ingrained"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/ingrained

Cambridge Dictionary:

ingrained [entry 1]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "ingrained"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "ingrained"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/ingrained 1

the Free Dictionary:

ingrained

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "ingrained"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "ingrained"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "ingrained" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/ingrained

ingrain

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "ingrain"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "ingrain"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "ingrain" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/ingrain

Google Dictionary:

ingrained

Audio: English pronunciation of "ingrained"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=ingrained

ingrain | engrained [past tense] | ingrained [past tense] | engraining [present participle] | ingraining [present participle] | ingrains [3rd-person singular present] | engrains [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "ingrain"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=ingrain

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

ingrained

Audio: North American pronunciation of "ingrained"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=ingrai​05 word=ingrained

ingrained

Audio: North American pronunciation of "ingrained"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=ingrai​04 word=ingrained

ingrain

Audio: North American pronunciation of "ingrain"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=ingrai​01 word=ingrain

ingrain

Audio: North American pronunciation of "ingrain"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=ingrai​02 word=ingrain

YourDictionary Audio:

ingrained

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "ingrained" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ingrained

ingrain

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "ingrain" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/ingrain

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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