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infringe (advance)

Definition:

to advance beyond the usual limit

Class:

motion verb (walking, flying, swimming, etc.)

Related to:

infringement

Past tense:

infringed

Present participle:

infringing

3rd-person singular present:

infringes

Type of:

advance » travel

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Synonyms:

encroach | impinge

Etymology:

Latin infringere "to damage, break off", from in- "in" + frangere "to break"...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

All senses of infringe...

Definition references

Collins Dictionary:

infringe | intr [synonym, sense-specific] | infringement [noun, derived]

[transitive] to violate or break (a law, an agreement, etc) | intr; followed by on or upon to encroach or trespass (20 of 380 words, 2 definitions, 7 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/infringe

Merriam-Webster:

infringe | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle] | defeat [synonym, sense-specific] | encroach [synonym, sense-specific] | frustrate [synonym, sense-specific] | infringer [noun, related]

to encroach upon in a way that violates law or the rights of another | [obsolete] "defeat", "frustrate" | "encroach" [used with "on" or "upon"] (23 of 95 words, 3 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/infringe

Oxford Dictionary:

infringe | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle] | infringes [3rd-person singular present] | infringer [derived]

actively break the terms of (a law, agreement, etc.) | act so as to limit or undermine (something); encroach on (19 of 85 words, 2 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/infringe

American Heritage Dictionary:

infringe | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle] | infringes [3rd-person singular present] | infringer [noun, related]

To transgress or exceed the limits of; violate | [obsolete] To defeat; invalidate. | To encroach on someone or something; engage in trespassing (21 of 69 words, 3 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/infringe

Macmillan British Dictionary:

infringe | infringement [singular] | infringements [plural] | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle] | infringes [3rd-person singular present]

[transitive] to break a law, rule, or agreement | [intransitive/transitive] to limit or reduce someone's legal rights or freedom (18 of 68 words, 2 definitions, 3 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/infringe

Random House Dictionary:

infringe | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle]

to commit a breach or infraction of; violate or transgress. | to encroach or trespass (usually followed by "on" or "upon"). (20 of 42 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/infringe

New World Dictionary:

infringe | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle] | infringement [noun, related]

to break (a law or agreement); fail to observe the terms of; violate (13 of 36 words, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/infringe

Wiktionary:

infringe | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle] | infringes [3rd-person singular present] | enfringe [sense-specific] | transgress [synonym, sense-specific]

[transitive] Break or violate a treaty, a law, a right etc. | [intransitive] Break in or encroach on something. (18 of 19 words, 2 definitions)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/infringe

Cambridge Dictionary:

infringe [formal]

to break a rule, law, etc (6 of 15 words, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/infringe

Wikipedia:

Encroachment [disambiguation]

a term which implies "advance beyond proper limits," and may have different interpretations depending on the context. Encroachment may refer to one of the following: Temporal encroachment | Structural encroachment | Encroachment (American football), a ... (33 of 90 words, 3 definitions)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Encroachment

Encarta Dictionary:

infringe | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle] | infringes [3rd-person singular present]

to fail to obey a law or regulation or observe the terms of an agreement | to take over land, rights, privileges, or activities that belong to ... (26 of 94 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861621241​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

infringe

First use: mid-15th century

Origin: Latin infringere "to damage, break off", from in- "in" + frangere "to break". Meaning of "encroach" first recorded about 1760.

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=infringe

impinge

First use: 1530s

Origin: Latin impingere "drive into, strike against", from assimilated form of in- "into, in, on, upon" (see "in-" (2)) + pangere "to ... (22 of 30 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=impinge

American Heritage Dictionary:

infringe | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle] | infringes [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Latin īnfringere, to destroy: in-, intensive prefix; see "in-" [entry 2] + frangere, to break; see bhreg- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/infringe

impinge | impinged [past tense] | impinging [present participle] | impinges [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Latin impingere: in-, against; see "in-" [entry 2] + pangere, to fasten; see pag- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/impinge

Wiktionary:

infringe | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle] | infringes [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Latin infringere ("to break off, break, bruise, weaken, destroy"), from in ("in") + frangere ("to break").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/infringe

impinge | impinged [past tense] | impinging [present participle] | impinges [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Latin impingō ("dash against, impinge").

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/impinge

Merriam-Webster:

infringe | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle]

First use: 1513

Origin: Medieval Latin infringere, from Latin, to break, crush, from in- + frangere to break

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/infringe

impinge | impinged [past tense] | impinging [present participle]

First use: 1605

Origin: Latin impingere, from in- + pangere to fasten, drive in

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/impinge

New World Dictionary:

infringe | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle]

Origin: Latin infringere, to break off, break, impair, violate from in-, in + frangere, to "break"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/infringe

impinge | impinged [past tense] | impinging [present participle]

Origin: Latin impingere from in-, in + pangere, to strike: see "fang"

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/impinge

Collins Dictionary:

infringe

First use: 16th century

Origin: from Latin infringere to break off, from frangere to break

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/infringe

impinge

First use: 16th century

Origin: from Latin impingere to drive at, dash against, from pangere to fasten, drive in

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/impinge

Oxford Dictionary:

infringe | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle] | infringes [3rd-person singular present]

First use: mid 16th century

Origin: Latin infringere, from in- "into" + frangere "to break"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/infringe

impinge | impinged [past tense] | impinging [present participle] | impinges [3rd-person singular present] | impinge on/upon

First use: mid 16th century

Origin: Latin impingere "drive something in or at", from in- "into" + pangere "fix, drive". The word originally meant "thrust at ... (23 of 33 etymology words)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/impinge

Encarta Dictionary:

infringe | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle] | infringes [3rd-person singular present]

First use: Mid-16th century

Origin: Latin infringere "to damage" from frangere "to break"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861621241​/definition​.html  [offline]

impinge | impinged [past tense] | impingeing [present participle] | impinges [3rd-person singular present]

First use: Mid-16th century

Origin: Latin impingere "drive in forcibly" from pangere "drive or fix in"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861620405​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

infringe

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "infringe"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/infringe

impinge

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "impinge"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/impinge

Macmillan American Dictionary:

infringe | infringement [singular] | infringements [plural] | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle] | infringes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "infringe"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/infringe

impinge | impinged [past tense] | impinged on [past tense] | impingeing [present participle] | impingeing on [present participle] | impinges [3rd-person singular present] | impinges on [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "impinge"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/impinge

Macmillan British Dictionary:

infringe | infringement [singular] | infringements [plural] | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle] | infringes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "infringe"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/infringe

impinge | impinged [past tense] | impinged on [past tense] | impingeing [present participle] | impingeing on [present participle] | impinges [3rd-person singular present] | impinges on [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "impinge"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/impinge

Cambridge Dictionary:

infringe [formal]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "infringe"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "infringe"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/infringe

the Free Dictionary:

infringe

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "infringe"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "infringe"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "infringe" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/infringe

impinge

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "impinge"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "impinge"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "impinge" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/impinge

Google Dictionary:

infringe | infringed [past tense] | infringing [present participle] | infringes [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "infringe"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=infringe

impinge | impinged [past tense] | impinging [present participle] | impinges [3rd-person singular present]

Audio: English pronunciation of "impinge"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=impinge

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

infringe

Audio: North American pronunciation of "infringe"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=infrin​01 word=infringe

impinge

Audio: North American pronunciation of "impinge"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=imping​01 word=impinge

YourDictionary Audio:

infringe

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "infringe" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/infringe

impinge

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "impinge" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/impinge

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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