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infirm

adjective

  1. (frail)  lacking bodily or muscular strength or vitality
    Synonyms: debile, decrepit, feeble, rickety, sapless, weak, weakly, nesh [dialectal]. Similar to:...
  2. (irresolute)  lacking firmness of will, character, or purpose
    Similar to: irresolute

Etymology summary

"weak, unsound" (of things), from Latin infirmus "weak, frail", from in- "not" +...
(Source: Online Etymology)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Disease | medical condition

an abnormal condition that affects the body of an organism. It's often construed as a medical condition associated with specific symptoms and signs. It may be caused by factors originally from an external source, such as infectious disease, or it may... (41 of 5046 words, 2 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Disease

Collins Dictionary:

infirm | invalid [synonym, sense-specific] | infirmly [adverb, derived]

weak in health or body, especially from old age | ("as collective noun;" preceded by "the") | lacking moral certainty; indecisive or irresolute | not ... (22 of 456 words, 5 definitions, 12 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/infirm

Merriam-Webster:

infirm | irresolute [synonym, sense-specific] | insecure [synonym, sense-specific] | vacillating [synonym, sense-specific] | asthenic [synonym, sense-specific] | debilitated [synonym, sense-specific] | delicate [synonym, sense-specific] | down-and-out [synonym, sense-specific] | effete [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

of poor or deteriorated vitality ; especially, feeble from age | weak of mind, will, or character; "irresolute", "vacillating" | not solid or stable; ... (22 of 202 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/infirm

Oxford Dictionary:

infirm | irresolute [synonym, sense-specific] | infirmly [derived]

not physically or mentally strong, especially through age or illness | [archaic] : (of a person or their judgement) weak; irresolute (20 of 86 words, 2 definitions, 4 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/infirm

American Heritage Dictionary:

infirm | infirmly [adverb, related]

Weak in body, especially from old age or disease; feeble. | Lacking firmness of will, character, or purpose; irresolute. | Not strong or stable; shaky (23 of 60 words, 3 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/infirm

Random House Dictionary:

infirm

feeble or weak in body or health, especially because of age; ailing. | unsteadfast, faltering, or irresolute, as persons or the mind; vacillating. | ... (22 of 55 words, 5 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/infirm

New World Dictionary:

infirm | infirmly [adverb, related] | infirmness [noun, related]

not firm or strong physically; weak; feeble, as from old age | not firm in mind or purpose; not resolute; vacillating | not stable, firm, or sound; ... (25 of 50 words, 4 definitions, 1 usage example, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/infirm

Macmillan British Dictionary:

infirm | the infirm

weak because of old age or illness ; "the infirm": people who are infirm (14 of 35 words, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/infirm

Wiktionary:

infirm | infirmed [past tense] | infirming [present participle] | infirms [3rd-person singular present] | unfirm | confirm [antonym, sense-specific] | irresolute [synonym, sense-specific] | frail [synonym, sense-specific] | insecure [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

Weak or ill, not in good health. | irresolute; weak of mind or will | frail; unstable; insecure | To contradict, to provide proof that something is not. (25 of 32 words, 4 definitions, 7 usage examples, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/infirm

Cambridge Dictionary:

infirm [entry 1, formal]

ill or needing care, especially for long periods and often because of old age (14 of 28 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/infirm 1

infirm [entry 2, formal] | the infirm

people who are ill for long periods (7 of 26 words, 1 usage example, pronunciations)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/infirm 2

Encarta Dictionary:

infirm

lacking strength and vitality because of sickness or age | lacking firmness of character or a strong will | having a structure that is weak and/or ... (24 of 97 words, 5 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861621169​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Online Etymology:

infirm

First use: late 14th century

Origin: "weak, unsound" (of things), from Latin infirmus "weak, frail", from in- "not" + firmus (see "firm" (adjective)). Of persons, ... (22 of 28 etymology words)

www​.etymonline​.com​/index​.php term=infirm

American Heritage Dictionary:

infirm

Origin: Middle English infirme, from Old French, from Latin īnfirmus: in-, not; see "in-" [entry 1] + firmus, strong, firm; see dher- in Indo-European roots.

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/infirm

Oxford Dictionary:

infirm

Origin: late Middle English (in the general sense "weak, frail"): from Latin infirmus, from in- "not" + firmus "firm"

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/infirm

Merriam-Webster:

infirm

First use: 14th century

Origin: Middle English, from Latin infirmus, from in- + firmus firm

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/infirm

New World Dictionary:

infirm

Origin: Middle English from Latin infirmus

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/infirm

Wiktionary:

infirm | infirmed [past tense] | infirming [present participle] | infirms [3rd-person singular present]

Origin: Latin infirmus

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/infirm

Encarta Dictionary:

infirm

First use: 14th century

Origin: Latin infirmus from firmus "firm"

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861621169​/definition​.html  [offline]

Audio references

Collins Dictionary:

infirm

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "infirm"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/infirm

Macmillan British Dictionary:

infirm

Audio: British English pronunciation of "infirm"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/infirm

Macmillan American Dictionary:

infirm

Audio: North American pronunciation of "infirm"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/infirm

Cambridge Dictionary:

infirm [entry 1, formal]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "infirm"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "infirm"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/infirm 1

the Free Dictionary:

infirm

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "infirm"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "infirm"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "infirm" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/infirm

Google Dictionary:

infirm

Audio: English pronunciation of "infirm"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=infirm

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

infirm

Audio: North American pronunciation of "infirm"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=infirm​01 word=infirm

YourDictionary Audio:

infirm

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "infirm" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/infirm

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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