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illness

Definition:

impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism

Class:

state noun (stable states of affairs)

Related to:

ill

Plural:

illnesses

Original source:

Princeton WordNet

Etymology:

ill + -ness.
(Source: Wiktionary)  [more]

Definition references  (+images)

Wikipedia:

Disease | medical condition

an abnormal condition that affects the body of an organism. It's often construed as a medical condition associated with specific symptoms and signs. It may be caused by factors originally from an external source, such as infectious disease, or it may... (41 of 5046 words, 2 images)

en​.wikipedia​.org​/wiki​/Disease

Collins Dictionary:

illness | sickness [synonym, sense-specific] | wickedness [synonym, sense-specific]

a disease or indisposition; sickness | a state of ill health | [obsolete] wickedness (12 of 473 words, 3 definitions, 9 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/illness

Macmillan British Dictionary:

illness | illnesses [plural]

[uncountable] the state of feeling ill or of having a disease ; [countable] a particular disease, or a period of being ill ; [countable/uncountable] a ... (25 of 382 words, 6 usage examples, pronunciation)

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/illness

Merriam-Webster:

illness | wickedness [synonym, sense-specific] | sickness [synonym, sense-specific] | unpleasantness [synonym, sense-specific] | affection [synonym, sense-specific] | ail [synonym, sense-specific] | ailment [synonym, sense-specific] | bug [synonym, sense-specific] | complaint [synonym, sense-specific] | ...

[obsolete] "wickedness" ; "unpleasantness" | an unhealthy condition of body or mind ; "sickness" [sense-specific] (14 of 158 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/dictionary​/illness

Oxford Dictionary:

illness

a disease or period of sickness affecting the body or mind (11 of 52 words, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/illness

Cambridge Dictionary:

illness | ailment | complaint

a disease of the body or mind | when you are ill (11 of 33 words, 2 definitions, 2 usage examples, pronunciation)

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/illness

Wiktionary:

illness | illnesses [plural] | sickness [synonym, sense-specific] | disease [synonym, sense-specific]

[countable] An instance of a disease or poor health. | [uncountable] A state of bad health or disease. (17 of 21 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/illness

American Heritage Dictionary:

illness

Poor health resulting from disease of body or mind; sickness. | A disease. | [obsolete] Evil; wickedness. (15 of 18 words, 3 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/illness

Random House Dictionary:

illness | wickedness [obsolete, synonym, sense-specific]

unhealthy condition; poor health; indisposition; sickness. | [obsolete] wickedness (8 of 14 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

dictionary​.infoplease​.com​/illness

New World Dictionary:

illness

the condition of being ill, or in poor health; sickness; disease | [obsolete] wickedness (13 of 14 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/illness

Encarta Dictionary:

illness | illnesses [plural]

a disease, sickness, or indisposition | a state of bad health (10 of 26 words, 2 definitions, pronunciation)

encarta​.msn​.com​/dictionary 1861620149​/definition​.html  [offline]

Etymology references

Wiktionary:

illness

Origin: ill + -ness.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/illness

ill | ills [plural]

Origin: Middle English ille 'evil, wicked', from Old Norse illr (adj.), illa (adv.), ilt (noun) (whence Danish ilde), from Proto-Germanic *elhilaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h1elḱ- (whence Latin ... (25 of 35 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/ill

-ness

Origin: Middle English, from Old English -nis, -nes ("-ness"), from Proto-Germanic *-nassuz ("-ness"), alteration (by false division) of -n- (adjective and verbal terminating consonant) + Proto-Germanic *-assuz ("-ness")... (27 of 45 etymology words)

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/-ness

sickness

Origin: the Old English seocness.

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/sickness

Oxford Dictionary:

sickness

Origin: Old English sēocnesse (see "sick1", "-ness")

oxforddictionaries​.com​/definition​/english​/sickness

Audio references

Wiktionary:

illness

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "illness"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "illness"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/illness

sickness

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "sickness"

en​.wiktionary​.org​/wiki​/sickness

Collins Dictionary:

illness

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "illness"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/illness

sickness

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "sickness"

www​.collinsdictionary​.com​/dictionary​/english​/sickness

Macmillan American Dictionary:

illness | illnesses [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "illness"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/illness

sickness | sicknesses [plural]

Audio: North American pronunciation of "sickness"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/american​/sickness

Macmillan British Dictionary:

illness | illnesses [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "illness"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/illness

sickness | sicknesses [plural]

Audio: British English pronunciation of "sickness"

www​.macmillandictionary​.com​/dictionary​/british​/sickness

Cambridge Dictionary:

illness

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "illness"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "illness"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/illness

sickness [entry 1]

Audio 1: British English pronunuciation of "sickness"

Audio 2: North American English pronunuciation of "sickness"

dictionary​.cambridge​.org​/dictionary​/british​/sickness 1

the Free Dictionary:

illness

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "illness"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "illness"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "illness" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/illness

sickness

Audio 1: North American English pronunciation of "sickness"

Audio 2: British English pronunciation of "sickness"

Audio 3: North American English pronunciation of "sickness" by speech synthesizer

www​.thefreedictionary​.com​/sickness

Google Dictionary:

illness | illnesses [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "illness"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=illness

sickness | sicknesses [plural]

Audio: English pronunciation of "sickness"

www​.google​.com​/#hl=en&tbs=dfn​:1&fp=1&q=sickness

Merriam-Webster Pronunciation:

illness

Audio: North American pronunciation of "illness"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=illnes​01 word=illness

sickness

Audio: North American pronunciation of "sickness"

www​.merriam-webster​.com​/audio​.php file=sickne​01 word=sickness

YourDictionary Audio:

illness

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "illness" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/illness

sickness

Audio: North American English pronunciation of "sickness" by speech synthesizer

www​.yourdictionary​.com​/sickness

Page last updated: 2013-06-26

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